Abstract and Keywords
Feminist struggles since the 1970s have made important gains in how state and interstate organizations respond to gender-based violence, challenging structural inequalities that increase vulnerability to gendered, racialized, geographic, and socioeconomic violence. The struggles have been varied and sometimes contradictory, from calls for greater state action against violence to organizing against state action that perpetuates gender-based violence. These contradictions have been amplified at the international level. Alongside the important gains achieved by feminist organizing are increasingly reactionary efforts to privatize violence as requiring individualized judicial responses rather than social change. This chapter outlines three feminist antiviolence frameworks, exploring their intersections, contradictions, gains, and shortcomings. It then discusses current challenges in the antiviolence landscape, assessing the potential of those frameworks for transformative change. Canada is used as a case study, drawing on comparisons with countries from both the global North and South. The chapter also discusses feminist action through international forums.
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