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date: 14 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter is from the forthcoming The Oxford Handbook of Affective Computing edited by Rafael Calvo, Sidney K. D'Mello, Jonathan Gratch, and Arvid Kappas. In this chapter we explain the motivation, goals, and advantages of building artificial systems that simulate aspects of affective phenomena in humans, from architectures for rational agents to the simulation of empathic processes and affective disorders. We briefly review some of the main psychological and neuroscience theories of affect and emotion that inspire such computational modeling of affective processes. We also describe some of the diverse approaches explored to date to implement emotion-based architectures, including appraisal-based architectures, biologically inspired architectures, and hybrid architectures. Successes, challenges, and applications of emotion-based agent architectures and models are also discussed (e.g., modeling virtual patients and affective disorders with virtual humans, designing cybertherapy interventions, and building empathic virtual agents).

Keywords: computational models of emotions, affective architectures, cognitive-affective architectures, emotion-based agent architectures, virtual humans, virtual patients, affective disorder computational modeling, cybertherapy interventions, empathic virtual agen

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