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date: 23 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The literature of Canada is extraordinarily amenable to ecocritical analysis: from Indigenous inscriptions, orature, and earthworks to the journals of the European “explorers” to nineteenth-century nature poets’ aestheticizations of Canadian landscapes and the pioneers of the realistic wild animal story to contemporary nature writing and environmental literature. In sketching the emergence of and current state of ecocriticism and ecotheory in Canada, this chapter makes the case that there are productive continuities between the critical regionalism of the 1970s and early 1980s and ecocriticism. The chapter explores connections between ecocriticism and theories of bioregionalism, postcolonialism, indigeneity, poststructuralism, representation, materiality, and animal studies; it charts the emergence of the Association for Literature, Environment, and Culture in Canada (ALECC); it illustrates the increasing interdisciplinarity of ecocritical practice in Canada; and it raises some provocative questions for future trajectories such as ecocritical Indigenous studies, petrocultural studies, community-based eco-arts projects, and more.

Keywords: nature writing, environmental literature, ecocriticism, animal studies, regionalism, bioregionalism, postcolonialism, Indigenous studies, petrocultural studies, ALECC

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