Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 09 December 2019

(p. xi) The Contributors

(p. xi) The Contributors

Jonathan Aldred is Fellow and Director of Studies in Economics at Emmanuel College and Affiliated Lecturer in the Department of Land Economy, University of Cambridge, UK. He is interested in the ethical foundations of orthodox economics and the economic policy derived from it, with a particular focus on environmental policy. He has published on ethical issues arising in the cost-benefit analysis of climate change, the precautionary principle, and carbon trading. More general publications include The Skeptical Economist (Earthscan/Routledge, 2009), which explores the ethical assumptions behind popular economic arguments.

John Barry is Professor of Green Political Economy at Queens University Belfast. He is the author of The Politics of Actually Existing Unsustainability (Oxford, 2012) and co-editor of Global Ecological Politics (Emerald, 2011) and Environmental Philosophy: The Art of Living in a World of Limits (Emerald, 2013). His research focuses on the political economy of un/sustainability, low carbon energy transitions, and civic republicanism.

Derek Bell is Professor of Environmental Political Theory at Newcastle University, UK. He is the co-editor of Environmental Citizenship (MIT Press, 2006) and Justice and Fairness in the City (Policy Press, 2016). His work on environmental justice and climate justice has been published in leading journals, including The Monist, Political Studies, Environmental Ethics, and Environmental Politics.

Jeremy David Bendik-Keymer is the Beamer-Schneider Professor in Ethics and Associate Professor of Philosophy at Case Western Reserve University. He is the author of The Ecological Life: Discovering Citizenship and a Sense of Humanity (Rowman & Littlefield, 2006) and the mixed-genre, Solar Calendar, and Other Ways of Marking Time (Punctum, 2016). He co-edited Ethical Adaptation to Climate Change: Human Virtues of the Future (MIT, 2012) with Allen Thompson. His research is on anthroponomy (the goal of planetary, environmental civics), relational reason (interpersonal phenomenology), and askesis (philosophy as a way of life).

Emily Brady is Professor of Environment and Philosophy at the University of Edinburgh. She is the author of The Sublime in Modern Philosophy: Aesthetics, Ethics, and Nature (Cambridge, 2013) and Aesthetics of the Natural Environment (Edinburgh, 2003), and is co-editor of Human-Environment Relations: Transformative Values in Theory and Practice (Springer, 2012) and Aesthetic Concepts: Essays After Sibley (Oxford, 2001). She has research interests in aesthetics and philosophy of art, environmental ethics, eighteenth-century philosophy, and animal studies. (p. xii)

Daniel Butt is Associate Professor in Political Theory at the University of Oxford and Fellow and Tutor in Politics at Balliol College, Oxford. He is the Director of the Centre for the Study of Social Justice and the author of Rectifying International Injustice: Principles of Compensation and Restitution Between Nations (Oxford, 2009). He has written on a range of topics relating to global justice, historical wrongdoing, and environmental ethics.

Philip Cafaro is Professor of Philosophy at Colorado State University and an affiliated faculty member of CSU’s School of Global Environmental Sustainability. He is the author of Thoreau's Living Ethics: Walden and the Pursuit of Virtue (Georgia, 2004) and How Many Is Too Many? The Progressive Argument for Reducing Immigration into the United States (Chicago, 2015) and is co-editor of Life on the Brink: Environmentalists Confront Overpopulation (Georgia, 2012). His research centers on virtue ethics, environmental ethics, population and consumption issues, and the preservation of wild nature. Cafaro is immediate past president of the International Society for Environmental Ethics.

J. Baird Callicott retired as University Distinguished Research Professor and Regents Professor of Philosophy at the University of North Texas. He is the author of Thinking Like a Planet (Oxford, 2013) and the author or editor of a score of other books and author of dozens of journal articles, encyclopedia articles, and book chapters. His research concerns theoretical environmental ethics; comparative environmental ethics and philosophy; the philosophy of ecology and conservation policy; and biocomplexity in the environment, coupled natural and human systems. He taught the world’s first course in environmental ethics in 1971 at the University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point.

Elizabeth Cripps is a Senior Lecturer in Political Theory at the University of Edinburgh and former British Academy Postdoctoral Fellow. Her publications include Climate Change and the Moral Agent: Individual Duties in an Interdependent World (Oxford, 2013). Her research focuses on climate change justice and ethics, particularly collective responsibility, individual climate duties, population and justice, and parents' climate duties.

Chris J. Cuomo is Professor of Philosophy and Women's Studies at the University of Georgia. She is the author of Feminism and Ecological Communities: An Ethic of Flourishing (Routledge, 1998) and The Philosopher Queen: Feminist Essays on War, Love, and Knowledge (Rowman & Littlefield, 2002) and is co-editor of The Feminist Philosophy Reader (McGraw-Hill, 2007).

Martin Drenthen is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Radboud University (Nijmegen, The Netherlands). He is co-editor of New Visions of Nature: Complexity and Authenticity (Springer, 2009), Interpreting Nature. The Emerging Field of Environmental Hermeneutics (Fordham University Press, 2013), Environmental Aesthetics: Crossing Divides and Breaking Ground (Fordham University Press, 2014), and Old World and New World Perspectives in Environmental Philosophy: Transatlantic Conversations. (Springer, 2014). Currently, he leads a research project on a hermeneutic landscape ethics, which focuses on the relation between ecological restoration and rewilding landscapes, cultures of place, and moral identity.

Kevin C. Elliott is Associate Professor of Philosophy in Lyman Briggs College, the Department of Fisheries & Wildlife, and the Department of Philosophy at Michigan State University. He is the author of Is a Little Pollution Good for You? Incorporating Societal Values in Environmental Research (Oxford, 2011), as well as a number of journal articles and book (p. xiii) chapters on issues at the intersection of the philosophy of science and practical ethics. His research focuses on the role of values in science, financial conflicts of interest in research, and ethical issues related to environmental pollution and emerging technologies.

Stephen M. Gardiner is Professor of Philosophy and Ben Rabinowitz Endowed Professor of the Human Dimensions of the Environment at the University of Washington, Seattle. He is the author of A Perfect Moral Storm (Oxford, 2011), co-author of Debating Climate Ethics (Oxford, 2016), editor of Virtue Ethics, Old and New (Cornell, 2005), and co-editor of Climate Ethics: Essential Readings (Oxford, 2010). His research focuses on global environmental problems, future generations, and virtue ethics.

Lori Gruen is the William Griffin Professor of Philosophy at Wesleyan University. She is also a professor of Feminist, Gender, and Sexuality Studies and coordinator of Wesleyan Animal Studies. She is the author and editor of nine books, including Ethics and Animals: An Introduction (Cambridge, 2011), Reflecting on Nature: Readings in Environmental Philosophy and Ethics (Oxford, 2012), Ethics of Captivity (Oxford, 2014), and Entangled Empathy (Lantern, 2015). Her work in practical ethics focuses on issues that impact those often overlooked in traditional ethical investigations; for example, women, people of color, non-human animals.

Benjamin Hale is Associate Professor in the Philosophy Department and the Environmental Studies Program at the University of Colorado, Boulder. He is co-editor of Ethics, Policy & Environment and president of the International Society for Environmental Ethics. At Boulder, he served as director of the Center for Values and Social Policy and is co-coordinator of the annual Rocky Mountain Ethics Congress. He has published in The Monist, Metaphilosophy, Public Affairs Quarterly, Environmental Ethics, Environmental Values, Science, Technology, and Human Values, and popular essays in The New York Times and Slate. His work has focused emerging technologies, conservation, and the Anthropocene.

Chris Haufe is Assistant professor in the Department of Philosophy at Case Western Reserve University, where he works on problems in the history and philosophy of science. He is currently completing two books, one on the concept of fruitfulness, and one on the evolutionary nature of scientific progress.

Tim Hayward is Professor of Environmental Political Theory at the University of Edinburgh. He is the author of Constitutional Environmental Rights (Oxford, 2005), Political Theory and Ecological Values (Polity, 1998), and Ecological Thought: An Introduction (Polity, 1995). He is currently writing on global justice versus global finance, ecological debt, and human rights in relation to natural resources.

Clare Heyward is currently a Leverhulme Early Career Fellow at the University of Warwick. She is interested in issues of global distributive justice and intergenerational justice, especially those connected to climate change. Clare's current project is about the issues of “geoengineering” technologies and global climate justice. Before joining the University of Warwick, she was James Martin Research Fellow on the Oxford Geoengineering Programme and before that, a doctoral student at Oxford University.

Avram Hiller is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Portland State University. He co-edited Consequentialism and Environmental Ethics (Routledge, 2014) and has research interests in (p. xiv) environmental ethics as well as in epistemology, metaphysics, and philosophy of language. His work has appeared in journals including Economics and Philosophy; Environmental Values; Public Affairs Quarterly; Essays in Philosophy; Ethics, Policy, & Environment; The Monist; and Synthese.

Alan Holland is Emeritus Professor of Applied Philosophy at Lancaster University, UK. After an early focus on epistemology and philosophical logic, his more recent work focuses on topics in environmental philosophy, environmental decision-making, ecological theory and bioethics. He is a former editor of the journal Environmental Values and co-author with Andrew Light and John O'Neill of a monograph, Environmental Values (Routledge, 2008). He also served for eight years on the UK government's Animal Procedures Committee.

Marion Hourdequin is Associate Professor and Chair of the Philosophy Department at Colorado College. Her recent work focuses on the ethics of climate change and climate engineering, and on the social and ethical dimensions of ecological restoration. She is the author of Environmental Ethics: From Theory to Practice (Bloomsbury, 2015) and editor, with David Havlick, of Restoring Layered Landscapes (Oxford, 2015).

Angela Kallhoff is Professor of Ethics with special emphasis on Applied Ethics at the University of Vienna, Austria. She is the author of Prinzipien der Pflanzenethik (Campus, 2002), Ethischer Naturalismus nach Aristoteles (Mentis, 2010), Why Democracy Needs Public Goods (Lexington, 2011), and Politische Philosophie des Bürgers (Böhlau, 2013) and is editor of Klimaethik und Klimagerechtigkeit (De Gruyter, 2015). Her research focuses on environmental ethics, ethical naturalism, and political philosophy.

David M. Kaplan is Associate Professor, Department of Philosophy and Religion, University of North Texas. His research focuses on three sets of issues: hermeneutics, food, and technology. He is the editor of Readings in the Philosophy of Technology, second edition (Rowman and Littlefield, 2009); Philosophy of Food (University of California Press, 2012); Reading Ricoeur (SUNY Press, 2008); and co-editor with Paul B. Thompson of The Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Ethics (Springer, 2014). Kaplan runs the Philosophy of Food Project at the University of North Texas:

Jason Kawall is Associate Professor of Philosophy and Environmental Studies and Director of the Lampert Institute for Civic and Global Affairs at Colgate University. His research focuses on virtue ethics and epistemology, with a particular emphasis on their application to environmental issues. He has published many articles in these and related areas, with his work appearing in such journals as American Philosophical Quarterly; Canadian Journal of Philosophy; Environmental Ethics; Ethics, Policy & Environment; and Philosophical Studies and in a number of edited volumes, including the forthcoming Oxford Handbook of Virtue.

Andrew Light is University Professor and Director of the Institute for Philosophy and Public Policy at George Mason University and Distinguished Senior Fellow in the Climate Program at the World Resources Institute. From 2013 to 2016 he served as Senior Adviser and India Counselor to the Special Envoy on Climate Change, and Staff Climate Adviser in the Secretary’s Office of Policy Planning, in the US Department of State. He has authored, co-authored, and edited 19 books, including Environmental Values (Routledge, 2008), Moral and Political Reasoning in Environmental Practice (MIT, 2003), Environmental Pragmatism (p. xv) (Routledge, 1996), and the forthcoming Ethics in the Anthropocene (MIT). In recognition of his role in creating the 2015 Paris Agreement on climate change, he received the inaugural Alain Locke Award for Public Philosophy from the Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy.

Katie McShane is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Colorado State University specializing in environmental ethics and ethical theory. She has written articles on ecosystem health, the place of environmental concerns in theories of value, and the moral significance of our emotional engagements with nature. Her work has been published in journals such as Philosophical Studies, Environmental Ethics, Environmental Values, and Ethics and the Environment.

John M. Meyer is a Professor in the Department of Politics and in the programs on Environmental Studies and Environment and Community at Humboldt State University, Arcata, California. He is the author of Engaging the Everyday: Environmental Social Criticism and the Resonance Dilemma (MIT, 2015), co-editor of The Oxford Handbook of Environmental Political Theory (Oxford, 2016), and co-editor of The Greening of Everyday Life: Challenging Practices, Imagining Possibilities (Oxford, 2016).

Ben A. Minteer holds the Arizona Zoological Society Endowed Chair at Arizona State University, where he is also Professor of Environmental Ethics and Conservation in ASU’s School of Life Sciences. His work explores our responsibility toward species and wildlands in a rapidly changing environment, as well as the intellectual history of conservation and environmentalism. He is author or editor of a number of books, including most recently After Preservation: Saving American Nature in the Age of Humans (Chicago, 2015).

John Nolt is a Professor in the Philosophy Department of the University of Tennessee and a Research Fellow in the Energy and Environment Program of the Howard H. Baker, Jr. Center for Public Policy. He works in environmental ethics, intergenerational ethics, climate ethics, formal value theory, and philosophical logic. His publications include seven books—most recently Environmental Ethics for the Long Term (Routledge, 2015).

Bryan G. Norton is Distinguished Professor Emeritus in Philosophy and Policy at the Georgia Institute of Technology. He is the author of Sustainable Values, Sustainable Change: A Guide to Environmental Decision Making (Chicago, 2015), Why Preserve Natural Variety? (Princeton, 1987), Toward Unity Among Environmentalists (Oxford, 1991), Searching for Sustainability (Cambridge, 2003), and Sustainability: A Philosophy of Adaptive Ecosystem Management (Chicago, 2005). Norton has contributed to journals in several fields, served as a member of the US EPA Science Advisory Board, the Governing Board of the Society for Conservation Biology, and the Board of Directors of Defenders of Wildlife.

John O’Neill is Hallsworth Professor of Political Economy at Manchester University and Director of the Political Economy Institute. He has written widely on philosophy, political economy, and environmental policy. His books include Markets, Deliberation, and Environment (Routledge, 2007), The Market: Ethics, Knowledge, and Politics (Routledge, 1998), and Ecology, Policy, and Politics: Human Well-Being and the Natural World (Routledge, 1993). He is co-author of Environmental Values (Routledge, 2008) with Alan Holland and Andrew Light. (p. xvi)

Clare Palmer is Professor of Philosophy and Cornerstone Fellow in the Liberal Arts at Texas A&M University. She works in environmental ethics, animal ethics, and climate ethics. She is the author of several books including Animal Ethics in Context (Columbia University Press, 2010) and she co-authored Companion Animal Ethics with Peter Sandoe and Sandra Corr (Wiley Blackwell, 2015). She has edited or co-edited a number of volumes in environmental and animal ethics, including Animal Rights (Ashgate, 2008) and, with J. Baird Callicott, the fifth-volume set Environmental Philosophy (Routledge, 2005).

Wendy S. Parker is Reader in Philosophy and Associate Director of the Centre for Humanities Engaging Science and Society (CHESS) at Durham University. Her research focuses on the methodology and epistemology of contemporary science, with special attention to climate science. She is particularly interested in questions about scientific evidence, computer simulation, measurement, explanation, and values in science.

Holmes Rolston, III, is University Distinguished Professor and Professor of Philosophy at Colorado State University. He has written seven books, most recently A New Environmental Ethics: The Next Millennium for Life on Earth. He gave the Gifford Lectures, University of Edinburgh, 1997–1998, and won the Templeton Prize in Religion in 2003. Rolston has spoken as distinguished lecturer on all seven continents. He is featured in Joy A. Palmer, ed., Fifty Key Thinkers on the Environment (Routledge, 2001). He is past and founding president of the International Society for Environmental Ethics. He is a founding editor of the journal Environmental Ethics.

Ronald Sandler is Professor of Philosophy and Director of the Ethics Institute at Northeastern University. His primary areas of research are environmental ethics, ethics and technology, and ethical theory. He is author of Food Ethics: The Basics (Routledge, 2015), The Ethics of Species (Cambridge, 2012), and Character and Environment (Columbia, 2007), as well as editor of Ethics and Emerging Technologies (Palgrave, 2014) and co-editor of Environmental Justice and Environmentalism (MIT, 2007) and Environmental Virtue Ethics (Rowman & Littlefield, 2005).

David Schmidtz is Kendrick Professor at the University of Arizona and editor-in-chief of Social Philosophy and Policy. His fourteen former doctoral students all hold faculty positions and have published articles in Journal of Philosophy and Ethics. Oxford, Cambridge, and Princeton University Presses have published their books.

Avner de Shalit is the Max Kampelman Professor of Democracy and Human Rights at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He is the author of Why Posterity Matters (Routledge, 1995), The Environment: Between Theory and Practice (Oxford, 2000), Power to the People (Lexington, 2004), Disadvantage (with Jonathan Wolff, Oxford, 2011), and The Spirit of Cities (with Daniel Bell, Princeton 2011). He is co-editor (with Shlomo Avineri) of Communitarianism and Individualism (Oxford, 1993) and (with Andrew Light) of Moral and Political Reasoning in Environmental Practice (MIT, 2003). His research and teaching focuses on environmental political theory, urban politics, democracy, and inequality.

Kenneth Shockley is Associate Professor at Colorado State University where he holds the Rolston Chair in Environmental Ethics and Philosophy. He has published widely in climate ethics, environmental ethics, and ethical theory. He is coeditor of Ethics and the Anthropocene (forthcoming, MIT), and has coedited several special journal issues on the (p. xvii) ethical dimensions of climate change and climate policy. His current research focuses on the expression of environmental values in public policy, the ethical dimensions of climate policy, ecological restoration, and several problems in philosophical ethics. He taught previously at the University at Buffalo, Barnard College, and the University of Malawi.

Kristin Shrader-Frechette, O’Neill Professor, University of Notre Dame, in both Philosophy and Biological Sciences, has NSF-funded post-docs in biology, economics, and hydrogeology and 28 years of NSF-research funding. Her work has been translated into 13 languages. Author of 16 books and 400 articles appearing in journals such as Science, Shrader-Frechette has served on many US National Academy of Sciences, EPA, WHO, and international boards/committees. Named one of 12 “Heroes for the US and the World” for her pro-bono scientific/ethics work to protect poor/minority communities from environmental injustice, she is only the third American to win the World Technology Association’s Ethics Prize.

Henry Shue is Senior Research Fellow at the Centre for International Studies, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Oxford; and Senior Research Fellow Emeritus, Merton College, Oxford. He is the author of Basic Rights (Princeton, 1980; 2nd ed., 1996); Climate Justice: Vulnerability and Protection (Oxford, 2014); and Fighting Hurt: Rule and Exception in Torture and War (Oxford, 2016). He co-edited Preemption (Oxford, 2007); Just and Unjust Warriors (Oxford, 2008); and Climate Ethics (Oxford, 2010). His most recent article is “Uncertainty as the Reason for Action: Last Opportunity and Future Climate Disaster,” Global Justice: Theory Practice Rhetoric (2016).

Bron Taylor is Professor of Religion and Environmental Ethics at the University of Florida and a Fellow of the Rachel Carson Center for Environment and Society at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Munich, Germany. His books include Dark Green Religion: Nature Spirituality and the Planetary Future (UC Press, 2010) and he is editor of the award-winning Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature (Bloomsbury, 2008), Avatar and Nature Spirituality (Wilfrid Laurier, 2013), and Ecological Resistance Movements (SUNY, 1995). In 2006 he founded the International Society for the Study of Religion, Nature, and Culture and the Journal for the Study of Religion, Nature, and Culture, which he edits. See also

Allen Thompson is Associate Professor of Ethics and Environmental Philosophy at Oregon State University and a Fellow with the Rachel Carson Center for Environment and Society at Ludwig Maximilian University. His research concerns broadening our conception of environmental virtue and moral responsibility as part of understanding human excellence in adapting to new ecological conditions of the Anthropocene. He is co-editor of Ethical Adaptation to Climate Change: Human Virtues of the Future (MIT, 2012) and serves as an officer for the International Society for Environmental Ethics (Treasurer 2013–2015, Vice-President 2016–2018, and President 2019–2021).

Paul B. Thompson holds the W. K. Kellogg Chair in Agricultural, Food, and Community Ethics at Michigan State University. He has published extensively on the environmental ethics of emerging technologies, including nuclear power, GMOs, nanotechnology, and synthetic biology. Thompson’s work on agriculture has appeared in scientific journals such as Poultry Science, Plant Physiology, and The Journal of Animal Science. His book From Field to Fork: Food Ethics for Everyone was published by Oxford University Press in 2015. (p. xviii)

Ted Toadvine, incoming Director of the Rock Ethics Institute at the Pennsylvania State University, is currently Professor of Philosophy and Environmental Studies at the University of Oregon. He is author of Merleau-Ponty’s Philosophy of Nature (Northwestern, 2009); editor of Merleau-Ponty: Critical Assessments (Routledge, 2006); and co-editor of Nature’s Edge (SUNY, 2007), The Merleau-Ponty Reader (Northwestern, 2007), Eco-Phenomenology (SUNY, 2003), and Merleau-Ponty’s Reading of Husserl (Kluwer, 2002). Toadvine directs the Series in Continental Thought at Ohio University Press, is Editor-in-Chief of the journal Environmental Philosophy, and is a co-editor of Chiasmi International. His current research addresses environmental apocalypticism, deep time, and geomateriality.

Steve Vanderheiden is Associate Professor of Political Science and Environmental Studies at the University of Colorado at Boulder, and Professorial Fellow with the Centre for Applied Philosophy and Public Ethics (CAPPE) at Charles Sturt University in Australia. He is the author of Atmospheric Justice: A Political Theory of Climate Change (Oxford, 2008) and editor of Political Theory and Global Climate Change (MIT, 2008). His work focuses upon justice and responsibility issues in global environmental governance.

Kyle Powys Whyte holds the Timnick Chair in the Humanities at Michigan State University. He is Associate Professor of Philosophy and Community Sustainability, a faculty member of the Environmental Philosophy & Ethics graduate concentration, and a faculty affiliate of the American Indian Studies and Environmental Science & Policy programs. His primary research addresses moral and political issues concerning climate policy and Indigenous peoples and the ethics of cooperative relationships between Indigenous peoples and climate science organizations. He is an enrolled member of the Citizen Potawatomi Nation.