Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 10 July 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter describes the complexity of relations between the Eastern churches and the Enlightenment. The emergence of self-identity of modern Eastern Orthodoxy in theology and church life includes the distancing of East from West (and Islam), and simultaneous use of the tools of self-reflection of Western Christian and secular thinking until the Enlightenment. These tools stem in turn from basic cultural components of the Greek East re-used by the Italian and Northern Renaissance. While in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries learned theologians and churchmen tried to form an “Orthodox Christian Enlightenment,” the beginning of the nineteenth century found the institutional church more hostile to Western Enlightenment, mainly because of its political radicalization in France; this explains various developments in church politics and theological currents in the East from the nineteenth century until today.

Keywords: Aristotelianism, Cartesianism, Modern Greek Enlightenment, Patriarchate of Constantinople, Phanariots, Philokalia, Platonism, pseudomorphosis, Scholasticism, Tolerance

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.