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date: 10 July 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This essay describes the principal and distinctive theological elements of various forms of early modern Arminianism. Beginning with Jacob Arminius, it sketches the historical development and background of Arminianism in the Netherlands, its continuation in Dutch Remonstrant theology, and its manifestation in the Methodism of John and Charles Wesley in England. These contexts were quite different from one another. Arminius forged his theology in the context of the Dutch Reformed Church. Remonstrant theology developed outside the state church and in conjunction with Enlightenment philosophy. Wesleyan Methodism was nurtured by an Anglican Arminianism that found new life in evangelical revival. Despite the differences, the essay also traces elements of the common legacy that unites these divergent forms of Arminianism, such as the abiding concern over antinomianism, the plea for religious toleration, and the doctrine of a God who wants to be in eternal communion with all people.

Keywords: Jacob Arminius, Arminianism, Remonstrant, John Wesley, Wesleyanism, Methodism, Antinomianism, Predestination, Reformed theology, Synod of Dordt

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