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date: 14 December 2019

(p. 631) Data Appendix—Italy’s National Accounts (1861–2010)

(p. 631) Data Appendix—Italy’s National Accounts (1861–2010)

Alberto Baffigi (Tables A1A4), Stephen N. Broadberry, Claire Giordano, and Francesco Zollino (Tables A5A7)

Table of Contents

  • Supply at current prices (million euros, present-day boundaries) A1

  • Supply at constant prices (million euros, present-day boundaries) A2

  • Uses at current prices (million euros, present-day boundaries) A3

  • Consumption, investments, and balance of payments’ current account (constant prices, million euros, present-day boundaries) A4

  • Number of workers (headcount; present-day boundaries) A5

  • Number of full-time equivalent workers (present-day boundaries) A6

  • Net capital stock in the total economy (present-day boundaries) A7

Note: For sources, methodologies, and caveats for the use of the data refer to Chapters 6 and 7. Note that this Data Appendix does not take into account the recent revisions to the national accounts series for the most recent years undertaken by Istat (Istat 2011b).

(p. 632) (p. 633) (p. 634) (p. 635) (p. 636) (p. 637) (p. 638) (p. 639) (p. 640) (p. 641) (p. 642) (p. 643) (p. 644) (p. 645) (p. 646) (p. 647) (p. 648) (p. 649) (p. 650) (p. 651) (p. 652) (p. 653) (p. 654) (p. 655) (p. 656) (p. 657) (p. 658) (p. 659) (p. 660) (p. 661) (p. 662) (p. 663) (p. 664) (p. 665) (p. 666) (p. 667) (p. 668) (p. 669) (p. 670) (p. 671) (p. 672) (p. 673) (p. 674) (p. 675) (p. 676) (p. 677) (p. 678) (p. 679) (p. 680) (p. 681) (p. 682) (p. 683) (p. 684) (p. 685) (p. 686) (p. 687) (p. 688) (p. 689) (p. 690) (p. 691) (p. 692) (p. 693) (p. 694) (p. 695) (p. 696) (p. 697) (p. 698) (p. 699) (p. 700) (p. 701) (p. 702) (p. 703) (p. 704) (p. 705) (p. 706) (p. 707) (p. 708) (p. 709) (p. 710) (p. 711) (p. 712)

Table A1 Supply at current prices (million euros, present-day boundaries)

Year

Value-added: Agriculture

Value-added: Industry

Value-added: Services

Total Value-added

Net Indirect Taxes

GDP at Market Prices

Imports of Goods and Services (1)

Total Supply

Mining, Manufacturing, Construction, Public Utilities

Construction

Total Industry

1861

2.056

0.896

0.089

0.985

5.059

1862

2.062

0.864

0.103

0.967

1.230

4.259

0.236

4.494

0.625

5.119

1863

1.995

0.844

0.102

0.946

1.254

4.195

0.236

4.430

0.677

5.107

1864

1.917

0.860

0.101

0.960

1.272

4.149

0.292

4.441

0.744

5.185

1865

2.107

0.852

0.100

0.951

1.325

4.383

0.361

4.744

0.727

5.471

1866

2.160

0.945

0.092

1.037

1.454

4.652

0.403

5.055

0.656

5.711

1867

2.199

0.968

0.088

1.055

1.334

4.588

0.264

4.852

0.607

5.460

1868

2.344

0.960

0.089

1.049

1.403

4.796

0.322

5.118

0.612

5.731

1869

2.197

0.975

0.079

1.054

1.374

4.625

0.305

4.930

0.639

5.569

1870

2.299

0.968

0.082

1.050

1.408

4.758

0.283

5.040

0.612

5.652

1871

2.259

1.005

0.095

1.100

1.416

4.774

0.308

5.082

0.628

5.710

1872

2.394

1.099

0.113

1.212

1.514

5.120

0.311

5.431

0.764

6.195

1873

2.802

1.187

0.131

1.318

1.619

5.738

0.316

6.054

0.815

6.869

1874

2.956

1.090

0.139

1.229

1.666

5.851

0.316

6.166

0.815

6.981

1875

2.289

1.038

0.107

1.144

1.525

4.958

0.344

5.301

0.753

6.054

1876

2.176

1.041

0.098

1.139

1.546

4.860

0.357

5.218

0.807

6.025

1877

2.599

1.165

0.106

1.271

1.621

5.490

0.387

5.877

0.695

6.573

1878

2.633

1.100

0.106

1.206

1.636

5.474

0.375

5.849

0.656

6.505

1879

2.477

0.995

0.104

1.099

1.657

5.232

0.383

5.615

0.777

6.392

1880

2.710

1.029

0.123

1.152

1.724

5.586

0.381

5.968

0.739

6.707

1881

2.562

1.047

0.127

1.174

1.734

5.470

0.408

5.878

0.797

6.675

1882

2.639

1.105

0.144

1.249

1.763

5.651

0.411

6.063

0.800

6.863

1883

2.422

1.056

0.150

1.206

1.776

5.404

0.415

5.819

0.796

6.615

1884

2.213

1.024

0.152

1.175

1.795

5.183

0.451

5.634

0.769

6.403

1885

2.397

1.119

0.165

1.284

1.878

5.559

0.470

6.028

0.874

6.902

1886

2.576

1.193

0.164

1.358

1.968

5.901

0.464

6.366

0.842

7.207

1887

2.357

1.110

0.152

1.262

2.038

5.657

0.487

6.144

0.925

7.069

1888

2.288

1.085

0.154

1.239

2.058

5.585

0.515

6.100

0.675

6.775

1889

2.443

1.140

0.152

1.292

2.103

5.838

0.512

6.350

0.786

7.136

1890

2.714

1.157

0.161

1.318

2.143

6.175

0.488

6.663

0.724

7.386

1891

2.758

1.134

0.161

1.296

2.139

6.192

0.476

6.669

0.597

7.266

1892

2.451

1.087

0.154

1.241

2.128

5.820

0.448

6.267

0.613

6.880

1893

2.394

1.098

0.146

1.245

2.117

5.755

0.452

6.206

0.623

6.829

1894

2.318

1.039

0.145

1.183

2.109

5.610

0.469

6.080

0.607

6.687

1895

2.566

1.095

0.125

1.221

2.185

5.971

0.475

6.446

0.606

7.052

1896

2.558

1.132

0.123

1.255

2.262

6.075

0.491

6.567

0.601

7.168

1897

2.576

1.118

0.128

1.245

2.295

6.116

0.478

6.594

0.608

7.202

1898

2.617

1.169

0.131

1.300

2.343

6.260

0.473

6.733

0.718

7.451

1899

2.694

1.292

0.133

1.425

2.387

6.506

0.483

6.989

0.769

7.758

1900

2.773

1.240

0.144

1.384

2.490

6.647

0.517

7.164

0.870

8.034

1901

2.829

1.292

0.159

1.451

2.521

6.802

0.521

7.323

0.884

8.207

1902

2.779

1.295

0.180

1.475

2.567

6.821

0.542

7.363

0.928

8.291

1903

2.937

1.317

0.195

1.512

2.688

7.137

0.544

7.682

1.036

8.718

1904

2.942

1.313

0.203

1.517

2.764

7.223

0.538

7.761

1.006

8.767

1905

3.011

1.447

0.213

1.660

2.886

7.557

0.586

8.143

1.152

9.294

1906

3.316

1.632

0.219

1.850

3.111

8.277

0.653

8.931

1.400

10.330

1907

3.579

1.892

0.241

2.133

3.268

8.980

0.617

9.597

1.609

11.206

1908

3.350

1.878

0.247

2.125

3.417

8.892

0.654

9.546

1.550

11.096

1909

3.425

1.975

0.305

2.280

3.536

9.240

0.689

9.929

1.653

11.582

1910

3.507

2.049

0.361

2.410

3.713

9.630

0.745

10.375

1.741

12.115

1911

4.113

2.181

0.362

2.542

4.035

10.690

0.834

11.524

1.815

13.339

1912

4.203

2.440

0.421

2.861

4.231

11.294

0.834

12.129

1.976

14.105

1913

4.484

2.465

0.446

2.912

4.416

11.812

0.861

12.673

1.945

14.619

1914

4.128

2.295

0.475

2.770

4.291

11.189

0.791

11.980

1.564

13.544

1915

4.622

2.353

0.410

2.764

5.052

12.438

0.882

13.320

2.487

15.806

1916

6.708

3.539

0.304

3.843

6.960

17.510

1.469

18.979

4.430

23.410

1917

9.374

5.548

0.317

5.865

9.897

25.136

1.991

27.127

7.339

34.467

1918

13.735

7.685

0.429

8.114

12.986

34.836

2.453

37.288

8.409

45.697

1919

14.979

7.165

1.030

8.194

14.220

37.394

3.010

40.404

8.601

49.005

1920

22.477

9.816

1.565

11.381

18.984

52.841

4.163

57.005

13.898

70.902

1921

22.185

9.326

2.076

11.403

19.679

53.267

4.215

57.482

10.764

68.247

1922

21.949

11.028

2.719

13.747

20.896

56.592

4.663

61.254

8.497

69.751

1923

22.695

12.592

2.971

15.563

22.915

61.173

5.095

66.268

8.995

75.264

1924

20.779

13.805

3.162

16.968

24.161

61.908

5.479

67.387

10.393

77.780

1925

27.739

17.378

4.052

21.430

28.795

77.965

5.526

83.491

13.644

97.135

1926

30.341

17.890

4.209

22.099

31.103

83.542

5.963

89.505

13.708

103.214

1927

23.707

15.931

3.660

19.591

28.391

71.690

6.922

78.612

10.878

89.490

1928

24.715

16.228

3.524

19.752

28.303

72.770

6.678

79.448

11.594

91.042

1929

24.204

16.709

4.571

21.280

29.035

74.519

6.575

81.094

11.302

92.396

1930

18.211

15.246

4.455

19.700

26.701

64.612

6.724

71.336

9.127

80.463

1931

15.998

12.601

3.352

15.954

24.679

56.631

6.934

63.565

6.162

69.727

1932

16.636

10.263

2.950

13.213

23.194

53.043

6.621

59.665

4.232

63.897

1933

13.368

10.484

3.333

13.817

21.140

48.325

6.249

54.574

4.434

59.009

1934

13.269

10.587

3.357

13.945

21.129

48.343

6.303

54.646

3.921

58.567

1935

16.184

11.979

3.125

15.104

22.779

54.067

6.482

60.549

3.953

64.502

1936

15.600

13.694

2.371

16.066

24.269

55.935

6.828

62.763

3.072

65.835

1937

20.679

18.734

2.318

21.052

29.593

71.324

7.691

79.014

7.035

86.050

1938

22.113

21.107

2.403

23.510

31.822

77.446

8.652

86.097

6.193

92.290

1939

24.225

22.980

2.801

25.781

35.219

85.224

9.854

95.078

5.664

100.742

1940

28.683

27.341

3.255

30.596

43.567

102.847

9.797

112.643

6.325

118.968

1941

39.365

28.122

2.975

31.097

52.011

122.473

12.023

134.495

7.968

142.463

1942

60.052

27.672

2.965

30.637

62.806

153.495

14.062

167.557

8.828

176.385

1943

92.922

35.423

3.626

39.049

82.059

214.031

14.428

228.458

4.443

232.902

1944

224.212

57.898

5.564

63.462

143.442

431.117

15.934

447.050

4.743

451.793

1945

380.662

115.176

16.188

131.363

274.529

786.554

42.436

828.990

4.741

833.731

1946

737.180

398.307

88.814

487.122

523.524

1747.827

111.899

1859.725

34.943

1894.668

1947

1230.290

932.423

144.726

1077.149

1030.704

3338.143

258.490

3596.633

4.773

3601.406

1948

1295.730

1074.655

172.296

1246.951

1267.639

3810.321

423.961

4234.282

320.637

4554.919

1949

1190.981

1145.549

171.657

1317.206

1430.552

3938.739

535.668

4474.407

357.107

4831.514

1950

1296.767

1271.600

208.557

1480.158

1658.224

4435.148

626.628

5061.777

203.879

5265.655

1951

1358.431

1605.698

268.195

1873.893

2023.503

5255.827

755.243

6011.070

758.918

6769.988

1952

1362.814

1655.182

328.362

1983.545

2303.654

5650.013

845.727

6495.740

821.852

7317.592

1953

1557.057

1772.423

391.938

2164.362

2546.965

6268.383

939.951

7208.334

867.893

8076.227

1954

1507.318

1902.592

453.300

2355.892

2775.563

6638.772

1065.153

7703.925

858.759

8562.684

1955

1617.274

2077.830

533.259

2611.089

3139.719

7368.082

1133.594

8501.677

954.872

9456.549

1956

1654.581

2243.102

578.804

2821.906

3548.873

8025.360

1254.605

9279.965

1116.987

10396.952

1957

1650.584

2440.844

663.481

3104.326

3920.852

8675.761

1310.434

9986.195

1302.030

11288.225

1958

1827.442

2590.336

732.794

3323.131

4260.273

9410.845

1348.822

10759.667

1183.119

11942.786

1959

1753.919

2831.244

791.863

3623.107

4671.419

10048.445

1400.893

11449.339

1236.950

12686.289

1960

1661.303

3228.872

874.802

4103.673

5194.928

10959.905

1503.951

12463.856

1686.601

14150.457

1961

1909.400

3643.272

979.479

4622.751

5745.782

12277.933

1728.396

14006.330

1883.937

15890.267

1962

2083.888

4099.459

1181.725

5281.184

6543.701

13908.773

1826.793

15735.566

2183.167

17918.733

1963

2203.123

4757.371

1389.279

6146.650

7729.904

16079.677

2019.101

18098.778

2704.037

20802.816

1964

2328.460

5104.243

1600.914

6705.156

8742.470

17776.086

2137.207

19913.294

2618.452

22531.745

1965

2453.545

5409.819

1656.653

7066.472

9742.978

19262.995

2212.399

21475.394

2674.924

24150.318

1966

2530.925

5993.553

1728.398

7721.952

10843.435

21096.312

2339.231

23435.543

3093.085

26528.628

1967

2755.039

6676.989

1946.824

8623.814

11997.059

23375.912

2636.799

26012.711

3503.969

29516.680

1968

2597.229

7376.327

2200.206

9576.533

13410.081

25583.843

2645.382

28229.225

3726.398

31955.623

1969

2856.663

8224.904

2604.146

10829.050

14764.747

28450.460

2755.866

31206.327

4503.348

35709.674

1970

2877.780

9664.850

2977.480

12642.330

16743.330

32263.440

3004.000

35267.440

5483.300

40750.740

1971

2970.100

10401.280

3112.790

13514.070

18871.290

35355.460

3131.000

38486.460

5936.000

44422.460

1972

2969.770

11305.150

3295.750

14600.900

21434.080

39004.750

3150.000

42154.750

6806.000

48960.750

1973

3831.180

14188.640

4080.110

18268.750

25155.290

47255.220

3656.000

50911.220

9518.200

60429.420

1974

4361.200

19058.460

5118.280

24176.740

31497.100

60035.040

4551.000

64586.040

14979.100

79565.140

1975

5296.260

21083.520

6138.280

27221.800

37912.440

70430.500

3545.000

73975.500

14376.200

88351.700

1976

6184.570

28196.420

6666.290

34862.710

46829.170

87876.450

5202.000

93078.450

20490.900

113569.350

1977

7264.230

33549.550

7848.160

41397.710

57565.420

106227.360

6873.000

113100.360

24053.800

137154.160

1978

8366.590

38615.460

9044.170

47659.630

69225.590

125251.810

7796.000

133047.810

27132.100

160179.910

1979

9979.870

47729.820

10693.700

58423.520

85892.220

154295.610

8463.000

162758.610

36131.900

198890.510

1980

11702.290

59345.690

13829.950

73175.640

107122.920

192000.850

11382.000

203382.850

48244.400

251627.250

1981

13189.990

68294.650

17434.720

85729.370

132004.070

230923.430

12709.000

243632.430

59897.400

303529.830

1982

14852.110

78856.480

19518.890

98375.370

158070.770

271298.250

16254.000

287552.250

67018.100

354570.350

1983

17513.840

88142.540

22006.790

110149.330

186001.730

313664.900

21168.000

334832.900

69213.500

404046.400

1984

18193.150

100822.570

24215.480

125038.050

215482.530

358713.730

24117.000

382830.730

85409.100

468239.830

1985

19216.940

111917.610

26265.820

138183.430

245191.430

402591.800

27057.000

429648.800

96272.400

525921.200

1986

20410.750

121085.710

27315.490

148401.200

275840.720

444652.670

30378.000

475030.670

86338.700

561369.370

1987

21456.750

131351.490

28665.280

160016.770

301481.070

482954.590

36696.000

519650.590

95093.000

614743.590

1988

21279.240

143202.440

31105.040

174307.480

335956.360

531543.080

45912.000

577455.080

105397.700

682852.780

1989

22804.080

158598.830

34661.290

193260.120

367471.010

583535.210

50486.000

634021.210

122342.200

756363.410

1990

23179.110

166291.700

39307.140

205598.840

411027.440

639805.390

61546.600

701351.990

133455.600

834807.590

1991

25745.150

173667.660

43147.650

216815.310

452673.630

695234.090

70572.000

765806.090

136349.600

902155.690

1992

26161.560

178527.930

45312.360

223840.290

479710.920

729712.770

75969.000

805681.770

148241.100

953922.870

1993

26095.860

181534.800

44823.230

226358.030

494526.180

746980.070

82778.000

829758.070

151161.300

980919.370

1994

27310.170

194581.070

44155.390

238736.460

522589.470

788636.100

89072.000

877708.100

170669.500

1048377.600

1995

29336.650

212671.680

45063.340

257735.020

559695.000

846766.670

100572.000

947338.670

207818.600

1155157.270

1996

31079.110

221790.710

47615.490

269406.200

599804.310

900289.620

103488.000

1003777.620

201381.600

1205159.220

1997

31213.650

229186.290

47739.400

276925.690

625256.150

933395.490

115371.000

1048766.490

224079.500

1272845.990

1998

30815.060

229974.180

46556.770

276530.950

632025.470

939371.480

151990.000

1091361.480

241285.400

1332646.880

1999

31484.710

232058.190

48007.270

280065.460

661226.910

972777.080

154314.000

1127091.080

254885.800

1381976.880

2000

31198.100

241052.420

51735.720

292788.140

705308.070

1029294.310

161763.000

1191057.310

311107.000

1502164.310

2001

31290.870

247035.370

57494.470

304529.840

749843.390

1085664.100

162984.000

1248648.100

321125.200

1569773.300

2002

31414.180

250165.220

61209.600

311374.820

782708.720

1125497.720

169728.000

1295225.720

320776.200

1616001.920

2003

31633.610

248522.430

65676.640

314199.070

818300.040

1164132.720

171221.000

1335353.720

320512.200

1655865.920

2004

32437.850

255623.190

70904.520

326527.710

852777.600

1211743.160

179787.000

1391530.160

342790.600

1734320.760

2005

30420.860

256370.500

74845.200

331215.700

879550.700

1241187.260

188292.000

1429479.260

371907.500

1801386.760

2006

31060.670

267481.630

77705.010

345186.640

903129.030

1279376.340

206001.000

1485377.340

424216.300

1909593.640

2007

31120.870

283201.680

81399.160

364600.840

938759.680

1334481.390

211696.000

1546177.390

451936.200

1998113.590

2008

31394.310

282706.120

83602.630

366308.750

969078.800

1366781.860

200979.500

1567761.360

461272.600

2029033.960

2009

30709.990

250130.190

82447.850

332578.040

968790.200

1332078.230

187624.000

1519702.230

368681.800

1888384.030

2010

29682.100

258162.050

80354.180

338516.230

980986.840

1349185.170

199631.000

1548816.170

442162.800

1990978.970

(1) Imports of goods and services are obtained by interpolating estimates for 1871 by Baffigi et al. (2011); for 1891, 1911, 1938, and 1951 by Rey (2002); and for 1970 by Rey et al. (2011).

Table A2 Supply at constant prices (million euros, present-day boundaries) (1)

Year

1861–1911 at 1911 Prices

Value-added: Agriculture

Value-added: Industry

Value-added: Services

Total Value-added

Net Indirect Taxes

GDP At Market Prices

Imports (2)

Total Supply

Industry Including Energy

Constructions

Total Industry

1861

2.421

0.665

0.151

0.816

1.881

5.118

0.285

5.404

0.427

5.831

1862

2.494

0.658

0.172

0.829

1.911

5.234

0.277

5.511

0.430

5.941

1863

2.570

0.665

0.178

0.843

1.965

5.378

0.304

5.682

0.464

6.146

1864

2.509

0.669

0.175

0.844

2.001

5.354

0.380

5.734

0.512

6.246

1865

2.679

0.688

0.176

0.865

2.071

5.615

0.511

6.125

0.495

6.621

1866

2.759

0.694

0.151

0.845

2.091

5.695

0.469

6.164

0.467

6.631

1867

2.529

0.696

0.138

0.834

1.994

5.356

0.325

5.681

0.440

6.121

1868

2.570

0.692

0.136

0.828

2.024

5.423

0.386

5.809

0.439

6.248

1869

2.646

0.710

0.133

0.844

2.061

5.550

0.359

5.909

0.460

6.369

1870

2.807

0.729

0.140

0.869

2.091

5.768

0.340

6.108

0.441

6.549

1871

2.675

0.741

0.145

0.886

2.080

5.641

0.369

6.009

0.469

6.478

1872

2.601

0.759

0.155

0.914

2.098

5.612

0.300

5.913

0.523

6.436

1873

2.560

0.781

0.171

0.952

2.117

5.628

0.287

5.916

0.531

6.447

1874

2.793

0.792

0.177

0.969

2.177

5.938

0.316

6.255

0.567

6.821

1875

2.739

0.795

0.154

0.949

2.213

5.901

0.405

6.307

0.573

6.879

1876

2.603

0.809

0.150

0.959

2.229

5.791

0.396

6.186

0.595

6.781

1877

2.641

0.818

0.154

0.972

2.252

5.865

0.416

6.281

0.563

6.844

1878

2.822

0.834

0.157

0.991

2.277

6.090

0.394

6.484

0.592

7.076

1879

2.814

0.836

0.161

0.996

2.321

6.131

0.409

6.539

0.687

7.227

1880

2.875

0.863

0.173

1.035

2.364

6.275

0.408

6.683

0.628

7.311

1881

2.931

0.912

0.179

1.091

2.421

6.443

0.450

6.893

0.714

7.607

1882

2.983

0.937

0.203

1.140

2.458

6.582

0.452

7.034

0.744

7.778

1883

3.004

0.970

0.216

1.186

2.497

6.686

0.463

7.149

0.781

7.930

1884

2.828

1.001

0.222

1.223

2.523

6.574

0.517

7.092

0.795

7.886

1885

2.911

1.038

0.227

1.266

2.562

6.739

0.527

7.265

0.960

8.225

1886

3.062

1.081

0.232

1.313

2.622

6.998

0.491

7.488

0.943

8.432

1887

3.097

1.121

0.228

1.348

2.703

7.149

0.570

7.718

1.058

8.776

1888

3.039

1.132

0.229

1.360

2.706

7.105

0.629

7.734

0.746

8.480

1889

2.900

1.118

0.220

1.338

2.717

6.955

0.583

7.538

0.851

8.389

1890

3.019

1.125

0.218

1.344

2.724

7.086

0.525

7.611

0.774

8.385

1891

3.175

1.115

0.214

1.329

2.742

7.246

0.511

7.757

0.669

8.426

1892

3.177

1.105

0.203

1.308

2.811

7.296

0.519

7.815

0.706

8.521

1893

3.286

1.126

0.195

1.321

2.859

7.467

0.519

7.986

0.724

8.710

1894

3.300

1.160

0.195

1.355

2.873

7.527

0.561

8.088

0.750

8.837

1895

3.369

1.192

0.168

1.360

2.923

7.653

0.548

8.201

0.765

8.967

1896

3.414

1.217

0.160

1.377

2.995

7.786

0.579

8.365

0.749

9.114

1897

3.423

1.250

0.162

1.412

3.024

7.860

0.567

8.426

0.760

9.187

1898

3.425

1.294

0.161

1.455

3.052

7.932

0.523

8.455

0.860

9.315

1899

3.426

1.357

0.163

1.520

3.104

8.050

0.542

8.593

0.894

9.487

1900

3.532

1.381

0.168

1.549

3.206

8.287

0.594

8.881

0.903

9.784

1901

3.598

1.415

0.177

1.592

3.261

8.450

0.614

9.063

0.988

10.051

1902

3.657

1.460

0.191

1.651

3.321

8.629

0.654

9.283

1.078

10.361

1903

3.732

1.518

0.201

1.719

3.378

8.829

0.621

9.450

1.190

10.640

1904

3.857

1.577

0.210

1.787

3.419

9.064

0.619

9.683

1.098

10.781

1905

3.927

1.666

0.224

1.891

3.486

9.303

0.670

9.973

1.295

11.268

1906

4.009

1.790

0.239

2.029

3.622

9.660

0.730

10.391

1.458

11.849

1907

4.157

1.903

0.252

2.154

3.699

10.010

0.656

10.666

1.608

12.273

1908

4.145

2.019

0.267

2.286

3.814

10.245

0.737

10.982

1.609

12.590

1909

4.144

2.097

0.305

2.402

3.876

10.421

0.745

11.166

1.700

12.867

1910

4.053

2.160

0.343

2.502

3.935

10.491

0.784

11.275

1.746

13.021

1911

4.113

2.181

0.362

2.542

4.035

10.690

0.834

11.524

1.815

13.339

1911–1951 at 1938 Prices

Year

Value-added: Agriculture

Value-added: Industry

Value-added: Services

Total Value-added

Net Indirect Taxes

GDP at Market Prices

Imports (2)

Total Supply

Industry Including Energy

Constructions

Total Industry

1911

18.101

12.016

1.505

13.522

21.108

52.730

4.183

56.914

7.636

64.550

1912

17.580

12.642

1.689

14.331

21.422

53.333

4.080

57.413

8.145

65.558

1913

19.768

12.577

1.768

14.345

22.006

56.118

4.287

60.405

8.001

68.406

1914

18.194

11.861

1.951

13.812

21.254

53.260

3.873

57.134

6.368

63.502

1915

16.658

11.473

1.477

12.950

21.572

51.180

3.873

55.053

7.305

62.358

1916

17.974

12.680

0.850

13.530

23.607

55.111

5.061

60.172

8.106

68.278

1917

17.992

12.531

0.571

13.102

24.022

55.117

5.165

60.281

7.428

67.710

1918

18.483

12.081

0.515

12.596

22.513

53.592

4.751

58.344

7.374

65.717

1919

16.828

10.429

1.148

11.577

22.040

50.445

4.596

55.041

7.425

62.466

1920

17.972

10.986

1.236

12.222

21.881

52.075

4.442

56.517

7.003

63.519

1921

17.682

10.368

1.484

11.852

21.098

50.631

4.235

54.866

6.499

61.366

1922

18.786

11.635

2.240

13.875

22.187

54.848

4.648

59.496

7.206

66.703

1923

20.626

12.991

2.700

15.691

23.649

59.967

5.061

65.028

7.371

72.399

1924

19.768

14.154

2.766

16.920

24.735

61.422

5.371

66.794

7.887

74.680

1925

21.102

16.511

2.751

19.261

26.447

66.810

4.596

71.406

9.014

80.420

1926

21.237

16.482

2.881

19.363

26.636

67.236

4.751

71.987

9.009

80.996

1927

19.368

15.811

2.807

18.618

26.356

64.342

6.301

70.643

8.730

79.373

1928

21.086

17.146

2.854

20.000

27.569

68.654

6.456

75.110

10.142

85.252

1929

21.967

18.291

3.780

22.071

28.273

72.310

6.559

78.869

10.247

89.116

1930

19.650

17.163

3.837

21.000

27.336

67.985

7.179

75.164

9.453

84.617

1931

20.477

15.325

3.102

18.426

27.272

66.176

8.212

74.388

8.072

82.460

1932

22.441

14.275

3.041

17.316

27.947

67.704

8.263

75.968

6.967

82.934

1933

20.368

15.314

3.778

19.092

27.241

66.701

8.367

75.068

8.071

83.139

1934

19.363

15.664

3.961

19.625

27.471

66.459

8.418

74.878

7.249

82.127

1935

21.181

17.416

3.627

21.043

28.456

70.681

8.263

78.944

7.117

86.061

1936

19.296

17.825

2.666

20.491

28.351

68.138

8.005

76.144

4.523

80.666

1937

21.841

20.488

2.422

22.910

30.802

75.553

8.160

83.713

6.663

90.376

1938

22.113

21.107

2.403

23.510

31.822

77.446

8.652

86.097

6.193

92.290

1939

23.276

22.961

2.600

25.561

33.117

81.953

9.530

91.483

5.851

97.335

1940

22.027

23.180

2.614

25.793

34.008

81.828

8.123

89.951

5.409

95.360

1941

21.325

21.694

2.399

24.093

34.585

80.002

8.505

88.508

5.840

94.347

1942

19.053

18.841

2.093

20.934

35.916

75.904

7.750

83.654

5.265

88.920

1943

16.597

14.690

1.635

16.325

32.696

65.618

5.312

70.931

1.835

72.766

1944

16.254

9.325

1.008

10.332

28.045

54.631

2.581

57.212

0.545

57.757

1945

15.399

6.889

0.946

7.835

25.084

48.318

3.015

51.333

0.246

51.579

1946

18.945

15.106

2.451

17.557

28.278

64.780

4.499

69.279

1.435

70.714

1947

20.160

19.280

2.901

22.181

34.028

76.369

6.199

82.568

0.110

82.678

1948

20.981

20.433

2.752

23.185

35.358

79.524

9.428

88.952

7.040

95.992

1949

22.212

21.860

2.758

24.618

37.557

84.387

12.204

96.592

7.785

104.377

1950

23.103

24.872

3.075

27.947

39.768

90.818

13.898

104.716

4.532

109.249

1951

24.699

28.329

3.375

31.704

42.814

99.217

15.636

114.853

14.248

129.102

1951–1970 at 1963 Prices

Year

Value-added: Agriculture

Value-added: Industry

Value-added: Services

Total Value-added

Net Indirect Taxes

GDP at Market Prices

Imports (2)

Total Supply

Industry Including Energy

Constructions

Total Industry

1951

1768.039

1706.970

443.336

2150.306

3768.347

7686.692

1187.578

8874.270

603.433

9477.702

1952

1730.123

1796.988

524.447

2321.434

3989.732

8041.289

1238.162

9279.451

667.163

9946.614

1953

1910.933

1951.604

610.078

2561.681

4216.045

8688.660

1258.901

9947.561

756.396

10703.957

1954

1797.348

2158.914

683.488

2842.401

4395.327

9035.076

1286.174

10321.251

778.039

11099.290

1955

1880.036

2363.356

770.138

3133.494

4686.918

9700.448

1333.135

11033.583

850.215

11883.798

1956

1873.088

2566.650

800.584

3367.233

4946.622

10186.943

1388.075

11575.017

966.475

12541.492

1957

1891.627

2761.755

884.525

3646.279

5246.477

10784.383

1445.180

12229.563

1070.752

13300.315

1958

2093.133

2856.010

961.479

3817.490

5493.632

11404.255

1507.323

12911.578

1107.101

14018.679

1959

2153.576

3191.824

1039.162

4230.986

5863.082

12247.644

1577.845

13825.489

1231.367

15056.856

1960

2039.614

3640.099

1105.808

4745.907

6304.965

13090.486

1725.937

14816.423

1681.551

16497.974

1961

2199.898

4027.769

1189.039

5216.807

6775.863

14192.569

1809.228

16001.796

1918.099

17919.895

1962

2167.520

4443.139

1305.545

5748.684

7243.653

15159.858

1908.291

17068.149

2220.652

19288.801

1963

2203.123

4757.371

1389.279

6146.650

7729.904

16079.677

2019.101

18098.778

2704.037

20802.816

1964

2282.233

4871.820

1399.181

6271.000

8103.591

16656.825

2121.253

18778.078

2553.646

21331.723

1965

2336.034

5171.351

1339.564

6510.915

8549.663

17396.612

2214.005

19610.616

2588.302

22198.919

1966

2399.355

5683.941

1364.716

7048.657

9129.377

18577.388

2330.234

20907.622

2929.054

23836.676

1967

2564.646

6269.738

1456.321

7726.059

9747.875

20038.580

2477.713

22516.293

3295.962

25812.255

1968

2475.061

6910.979

1601.842

8512.821

10563.283

21551.166

2588.835

24140.001

3526.242

27666.243

1969

2531.130

7424.767

1739.255

9164.021

11278.618

22973.769

2744.062

25717.831

4231.411

29949.242

1970

2484.776

8070.990

1733.695

9804.685

12102.633

24392.093

2888.051

27280.145

4947.490

32227.635

Year

1970–2010 at 2010 Prices

Value-added: Agriculture

Value-added: Industry

Value-added: Services

Total Value-added

Net Indirect Taxes

GDP at Market Prices

Imports (2)

Total Supply

Industry Including Energy

Constructions

Total Industry

1970

20302.564

115509.103

75568.365

176100.570

399687.033

605509.411

109024.383

700634.756

96592.268

797182.098

1971

20186.510

116641.982

71579.141

175231.512

415471.054

616438.947

111159.867

713373.050

99472.438

812923.892

1972

18072.639

124652.843

71716.652

184571.742

434860.359

638931.038

115786.972

739700.206

109366.058

849720.296

1973

19313.845

141847.319

72117.913

204517.661

455799.678

685025.281

122769.845

792410.058

119917.006

913248.380

1974

19767.706

152898.174

75492.162

219029.557

481608.278

725769.950

122417.587

835994.005

123599.608

959984.250

1975

20348.971

144264.185

73137.107

207833.082

479954.910

711072.277

118807.735

818520.043

106108.965

918121.256

1976

19204.397

165830.885

71321.631

230733.674

509386.874

761819.957

127004.295

876842.773

120501.675

993159.882

1977

19250.230

172893.002

70859.012

238394.681

522888.095

782743.184

126266.733

899294.471

122372.339

1016783.472

1978

19469.094

179532.543

72378.189

246783.010

540763.989

808586.500

129157.842

928432.861

129667.224

1054580.915

1979

20619.868

196325.598

74193.691

266660.743

567061.807

858294.590

132945.434

983759.518

145217.962

1128202.861

1980

21477.112

208199.742

76770.631

281532.095

580585.904

890121.917

130762.980

1017502.759

153308.022

1171288.570

1981

21917.912

204486.396

79180.116

279129.811

591406.881

897596.776

131965.489

1026092.777

152068.386

1177465.129

1982

21317.088

201712.020

80621.504

277146.259

600876.402

902039.060

130561.312

1030336.555

151985.875

1181247.890

1983

23220.986

202503.812

80573.756

277985.738

607620.196

913338.892

130268.364

1042383.283

147327.972

1185606.057

1984

22893.100

209423.412

77180.304

283247.713

635629.985

943656.690

132664.064

1076009.072

166218.674

1243341.731

1985

23035.871

215587.370

75867.261

289036.758

658122.639

970737.204

134962.210

1106116.748

173326.587

1281483.843

1986

23712.888

221183.804

74808.850

294347.222

679481.801

997408.211

141080.577

1137751.314

182541.455

1323896.372

1987

24734.886

230161.163

75167.126

304354.589

700294.251

1029650.939

144743.619

1174067.907

204507.649

1384157.477

1988

24369.236

245327.288

76980.953

322132.588

726738.860

1073173.900

150193.988

1223312.731

216700.084

1445998.619

1989

24814.048

256448.717

80283.495

336596.016

748665.516

1110223.927

154170.340

1264763.252

235226.496

1506513.248

1990

24506.528

259597.222

82104.097

341356.341

767086.382

1132088.732

158816.918

1290723.507

257879.088

1555900.521

1991

26754.259

259083.840

84026.216

342338.161

779228.100

1148408.545

162774.452

1310519.785

263598.759

1581465.829

1992

27469.569

258517.390

83348.400

341189.072

787899.536

1156664.425

164899.270

1320649.366

281878.860

1608417.721

1993

27290.985

251924.258

78616.404

330327.769

792659.346

1149693.587

158911.744

1308919.139

249053.451

1567244.304

1994

27621.363

268470.455

74250.632

344094.834

804174.594

1175757.082

160680.798

1337085.684

268398.094

1614531.690

1995

28012.935

280272.466

75155.773

357199.415

822936.323

1208066.543

166346.983

1374884.611

293381.191

1677209.006

1996

28433.138

279779.269

76576.122

357861.051

834898.162

1220982.221

168536.890

1389944.810

291931.074

1690784.212

1997

29216.975

282543.586

74926.283

359409.210

851756.456

1240150.276

176125.496

1415968.057

319259.566

1743598.632

1998

29910.275

285191.074

75095.348

362336.183

863330.013

1255418.800

181017.978

1435810.375

349310.467

1792623.278

1999

31707.888

285454.658

75528.547

362966.590

874352.148

1269320.734

187661.799

1456834.649

366408.751

1830006.873

2000

30959.933

295420.530

79078.386

376390.649

909626.392

1316675.264

194148.738

1510638.276

402224.219

1918118.787

2001

30207.601

294648.890

83603.377

379386.946

931095.019

1339981.108

198273.770

1538104.937

409263.695

1952723.873

2002

29285.015

293529.910

85488.298

379833.083

939091.517

1347191.955

198063.555

1545088.707

410204.890

1960695.115

2003

27844.759

285314.576

87509.137

373057.113

942359.332

1341953.935

202914.378

1544827.221

415139.351

1965110.914

2004

31496.618

288059.261

88834.232

377076.513

957312.454

1365606.750

202839.278

1568491.210

432459.523

2005255.862

2005

30105.820

287574.788

90731.480

378328.786

967512.837

1375454.941

203277.084

1578778.497

441462.699

2024059.514

2006

29737.999

296631.015

92333.270

389060.021

984933.059

1403003.862

207859.865

1610922.905

467699.939

2081597.459

2007

29740.230

302191.005

92790.379

395144.458

1001409.987

1425494.746

209381.130

1634800.510

485401.074

2123098.878

2008

30180.329

291820.527

90159.459

382110.194

997051.629

1408775.355

204626.100

1613168.311

463907.444

2080096.027

2009

29440.450

246305.727

83227.580

329409.872

970797.958

1329607.726

199546.416

1529002.303

400262.763

1931364.856

2010

29682.100

258162.050

80354.180

338516.230

980986.840

1349185.170

199631.000

1548816.170

442162.800

1990978.970

(1) Reference years vary across subperiods and, in particular, 1861–1911 is based on 1911 prices; 1911–1951 on 1938 prices; 1951–1970 on 1963 prices; and 1970–2010 on 2010 prices (see chapter 6, section 3)

(2) Imports of goods and services are obtained by interpolating estimates for 1871 by Baffigi et al. (2011); for 1891, 1911, 1938, and 1951 by Rey (2002); and for 1970 by Rey et al. (2011). See endnote 9.

Table A3 Uses at current prices (million euros, present-day boundaries)

Year

Consumption

Fixed Investments

Inventory Variation

Total Investments

Exports of Goods and Services (1)

Total Uses

Constructions

Public Consumption

Private Consumption

Total Consumption

Housing

Nonhousing

Total Constructions

Plants, Machinery, and Transport Equipment

Other Investments

Total Fixed Investments

1861

0.433

4.062

4.495

0.025

0.115

0.140

0.050

0.050

0.240

0.010

0.250

0.313

5.059

1862

0.480

3.973

4.453

0.039

0.135

0.174

0.052

0.052

0.277

0.011

0.288

0.378

5.119

1863

0.470

3.938

4.407

0.032

0.139

0.171

0.052

0.051

0.274

0.011

0.285

0.414

5.107

1864

0.483

4.016

4.499

0.037

0.137

0.173

0.064

0.062

0.299

0.013

0.312

0.374

5.185

1865

0.475

4.293

4.768

0.029

0.140

0.169

0.083

0.075

0.327

0.012

0.339

0.364

5.471

1866

0.696

4.292

4.988

0.024

0.121

0.145

0.088

0.080

0.313

0.009

0.322

0.402

5.711

1867

0.413

4.336

4.749

0.026

0.095

0.121

0.090

0.082

0.293

−0.014

0.279

0.432

5.460

1868

0.428

4.533

4.961

0.023

0.099

0.122

0.092

0.084

0.298

0.009

0.307

0.462

5.731

1869

0.426

4.388

4.814

0.025

0.085

0.110

0.086

0.079

0.274

0.009

0.283

0.472

5.569

1870

0.454

4.478

4.931

0.022

0.096

0.118

0.099

0.088

0.305

−0.034

0.271

0.449

5.652

1871

0.408

4.402

4.809

0.030

0.102

0.131

0.124

0.105

0.360

−0.075

0.285

0.615

5.710

1872

0.430

4.667

5.098

0.034

0.131

0.165

0.160

0.130

0.456

−0.013

0.442

0.656

6.195

1873

0.448

5.155

5.603

0.048

0.154

0.203

0.203

0.160

0.565

0.068

0.633

0.634

6.869

1874

0.434

5.279

5.713

0.058

0.165

0.223

0.241

0.185

0.648

0.072

0.721

0.547

6.981

1875

0.433

4.503

4.936

0.039

0.124

0.164

0.213

0.159

0.536

0.011

0.547

0.571

6.054

1876

0.444

4.422

4.866

0.035

0.114

0.150

0.202

0.147

0.499

−0.007

0.492

0.667

6.025

1877

0.490

5.027

5.517

0.038

0.124

0.162

0.213

0.153

0.528

0.007

0.535

0.521

6.573

1878

0.481

4.932

5.414

0.035

0.124

0.159

0.213

0.150

0.522

−0.027

0.495

0.597

6.505

1879

0.484

4.828

5.312

0.034

0.125

0.159

0.183

0.126

0.468

−0.038

0.430

0.650

6.392

1880

0.459

5.061

5.520

0.038

0.144

0.182

0.218

0.144

0.544

−0.032

0.513

0.674

6.707

1881

0.469

4.985

5.454

0.043

0.146

0.189

0.216

0.136

0.541

−0.015

0.527

0.695

6.675

1882

0.493

5.073

5.566

0.052

0.171

0.223

0.218

0.131

0.573

0.045

0.618

0.678

6.863

1883

0.510

4.874

5.385

0.049

0.186

0.235

0.208

0.120

0.562

−0.004

0.558

0.673

6.615

1884

0.532

4.681

5.213

0.050

0.189

0.239

0.218

0.121

0.577

−0.004

0.574

0.616

6.403

1885

0.549

5.131

5.679

0.058

0.196

0.254

0.212

0.113

0.579

0.023

0.602

0.621

6.902

1886

0.549

5.437

5.987

0.060

0.199

0.259

0.263

0.136

0.657

−0.033

0.624

0.596

7.207

1887

0.578

5.239

5.817

0.044

0.197

0.240

0.229

0.115

0.584

0.051

0.635

0.618

7.069

1888

0.633

4.945

5.578

0.032

0.208

0.241

0.302

0.146

0.689

−0.031

0.657

0.540

6.775

1889

0.653

5.289

5.941

0.035

0.200

0.235

0.279

0.131

0.645

0.023

0.668

0.527

7.136

1890

0.644

5.575

6.219

0.048

0.202

0.251

0.258

0.119

0.627

0.038

0.665

0.502

7.386

1891

0.632

5.604

6.235

0.054

0.193

0.247

0.232

0.106

0.586

−0.044

0.542

0.489

7.266

1892

0.624

5.258

5.882

0.047

0.176

0.223

0.196

0.089

0.508

−0.030

0.478

0.520

6.880

1893

0.634

5.178

5.811

0.052

0.153

0.205

0.199

0.089

0.493

−0.020

0.472

0.546

6.829

1894

0.638

5.006

5.644

0.049

0.151

0.200

0.225

0.098

0.523

−0.027

0.496

0.546

6.687

1895

0.619

5.325

5.944

0.048

0.110

0.158

0.252

0.109

0.519

0.041

0.560

0.548

7.052

1896

0.624

5.389

6.013

0.049

0.097

0.147

0.289

0.124

0.560

0.038

0.598

0.557

7.168

1897

0.609

5.476

6.084

0.050

0.099

0.149

0.320

0.134

0.603

−0.068

0.535

0.582

7.202

1898

0.608

5.675

6.284

0.050

0.098

0.148

0.356

0.143

0.647

−0.118

0.530

0.638

7.451

1899

0.613

5.649

6.262

0.051

0.102

0.154

0.414

0.162

0.729

0.006

0.735

0.761

7.758

1900

0.634

5.650

6.284

0.054

0.114

0.168

0.460

0.177

0.806

0.231

1.037

0.714

8.034

1901

0.641

5.923

6.564

0.061

0.122

0.182

0.536

0.204

0.923

−0.017

0.906

0.736

8.207

1902

0.657

6.006

6.662

0.071

0.141

0.212

0.535

0.202

0.949

−0.109

0.840

0.789

8.291

1903

0.664

6.325

6.989

0.083

0.150

0.233

0.542

0.204

0.979

−0.063

0.915

0.814

8.718

1904

0.678

6.215

6.893

0.092

0.157

0.249

0.626

0.228

1.103

−0.092

1.011

0.862

8.767

1905

0.697

6.422

7.119

0.101

0.176

0.277

0.866

0.303

1.446

−0.214

1.232

0.943

9.294

1906

0.706

6.812

7.518

0.102

0.209

0.311

1.076

0.365

1.753

0.009

1.762

1.051

10.330

1907

0.715

7.323

8.038

0.115

0.245

0.360

1.096

0.366

1.821

0.273

2.095

1.073

11.206

1908

0.766

7.335

8.101

0.120

0.269

0.389

0.978

0.325

1.692

0.343

2.035

0.960

11.096

1909

0.828

8.044

8.872

0.151

0.353

0.503

0.955

0.318

1.776

−0.120

1.656

1.053

11.582

1910

0.971

8.300

9.270

0.175

0.410

0.586

0.892

0.301

1.778

−0.117

1.661

1.184

12.115

1911

1.096

9.277

10.373

0.181

0.453

0.634

0.842

0.294

1.770

−0.058

1.712

1.254

13.339

1912

1.190

9.829

11.020

0.191

0.476

0.667

0.783

0.245

1.695

0.020

1.715

1.370

14.105

1913

1.227

10.262

11.489

0.188

0.470

0.658

0.729

0.238

1.626

0.041

1.667

1.463

14.619

1914

1.839

8.862

10.701

0.189

0.496

0.685

0.731

0.235

1.650

−0.073

1.577

1.265

13.544

1915

5.098

7.962

13.060

0.115

0.464

0.579

0.810

0.183

1.572

−0.260

1.312

1.435

15.806

1916

9.243

10.968

20.211

0.043

0.374

0.417

0.941

0.116

1.475

−0.039

1.435

1.763

23.410

1917

13.532

17.144

30.676

0.054

0.371

0.425

1.162

0.198

1.785

0.108

1.893

1.898

34.467

1918

17.441

24.326

41.767

0.081

0.479

0.560

1.708

0.169

2.437

−0.425

2.012

1.918

45.697

1919

14.312

28.044

42.356

0.227

1.085

1.312

2.210

0.214

3.736

−0.533

3.203

3.446

49.005

1920

10.336

47.775

58.111

0.347

1.649

1.996

2.616

0.446

5.058

1.149

6.207

6.585

70.902

1921

12.475

44.302

56.777

0.473

2.138

2.612

3.020

0.562

6.194

0.084

6.278

5.191

68.247

1922

9.967

47.393

57.360

0.722

2.570

3.292

3.391

0.880

7.563

−0.436

7.127

5.264

69.751

1923

7.362

53.730

61.092

0.931

2.558

3.489

3.839

1.079

8.407

−0.552

7.855

6.316

75.264

1924

7.065

53.907

60.973

1.228

2.384

3.613

4.575

0.849

9.036

−0.448

8.588

8.219

77.780

1925

7.035

67.898

74.933

1.812

2.699

4.511

5.108

0.975

10.593

1.016

11.610

10.592

97.135

1926

7.921

71.964

79.885

1.680

2.898

4.578

5.470

1.141

11.189

1.141

12.329

10.999

103.214

1927

7.725

62.883

70.609

1.214

2.675

3.889

5.806

0.990

10.685

−1.064

9.621

9.260

89.490

1928

7.382

65.097

72.479

1.216

2.446

3.662

5.859

0.851

10.373

−0.573

9.800

8.764

91.042

1929

7.541

63.307

70.848

1.865

2.866

4.731

5.673

0.800

11.204

1.337

12.542

9.006

92.396

1930

7.801

53.390

61.191

2.009

3.250

5.259

5.376

0.641

11.276

0.731

12.006

7.266

80.463

1931

8.458

45.543

54.001

1.743

2.786

4.530

4.799

0.617

9.946

−0.348

9.597

6.128

69.727

1932

8.613

43.211

51.825

1.329

2.548

3.877

4.051

0.703

8.631

−0.667

7.965

4.107

63.897

1933

8.891

38.632

47.523

1.157

2.713

3.870

3.639

0.676

8.185

−0.365

7.820

3.666

59.009

1934

8.731

38.282

47.014

1.486

2.789

4.275

3.569

0.628

8.471

−0.203

8.268

3.286

58.567

1935

10.275

41.413

51.688

2.176

2.817

4.992

3.930

0.736

9.658

−0.021

9.638

3.176

64.502

1936

14.167

38.650

52.817

2.171

2.673

4.844

4.660

1.081

10.584

−0.949

9.635

3.382

65.835

1937

15.372

53.907

69.279

1.654

2.430

4.084

5.645

0.820

10.549

−0.177

10.372

6.399

86.050

1938

15.270

58.899

74.169

1.340

2.188

3.528

6.800

0.987

11.315

0.344

11.659

6.463

92.290

1939

17.882

62.631

80.513

1.338

2.823

4.161

7.917

1.142

13.220

0.166

13.386

6.843

100.742

1940

21.971

73.072

95.043

1.202

3.645

4.847

8.638

1.223

14.708

0.646

15.354

8.571

118.968

1941

26.897

92.796

119.693

0.913

3.553

4.466

9.118

1.449

15.033

0.134

15.167

7.603

142.463

1942

37.948

114.001

151.949

0.967

3.619

4.586

9.659

1.287

15.531

−0.727

14.804

9.632

176.385

1943

60.636

148.419

209.054

1.199

4.372

5.570

13.293

3.097

21.961

−4.141

17.819

6.028

232.902

1944

88.666

334.402

423.068

2.914

5.673

8.587

15.269

5.685

29.542

−7.043

22.498

6.227

451.793

1945

145.530

617.088

762.619

9.465

16.987

26.452

41.962

16.406

84.819

−20.099

64.721

6.392

833.731

1946

305.986

1187.761

1493.747

37.675

104.656

142.331

201.464

43.317

387.112

−56.633

330.479

70.442

1894.668

1947

438.879

2505.732

2944.611

40.826

184.651

225.477

312.362

49.664

587.504

62.505

650.009

6.787

3601.406

1948

567.404

3184.117

3751.521

69.557

195.737

265.294

421.435

51.062

737.791

58.637

796.429

6.969

4554.919

1949

510.702

2703.456

3214.157

83.265

196.012

279.276

517.117

49.419

845.812

−22.775

823.037

794.319

4831.514

1950

572.060

3219.710

3791.770

133.692

219.168

352.859

592.979

90.224

1036.062

−25.504

1010.558

463.327

5265.655

1951

677.075

4185.630

4862.705

182.146

277.849

459.995

664.290

109.782

1234.067

14.150

1248.217

659.066

6769.988

1952

766.767

4522.003

5288.770

230.615

331.122

561.737

727.493

108.075

1397.305

24.236

1421.542

607.281

7317.592

1953

823.423

4950.693

5774.116

283.700

396.299

679.999

802.947

106.749

1589.695

8.619

1598.315

703.796

8076.227

1954

928.496

5137.480

6065.976

359.567

437.527

797.093

869.703

100.777

1767.574

−30.878

1736.695

760.013

8562.684

1955

1030.642

5592.685

6623.327

459.473

509.960

969.433

961.849

99.287

2030.568

−51.381

1979.188

854.034

9456.549

1956

1133.350

6072.011

7205.361

529.305

517.302

1046.607

1018.686

95.441

2160.733

36.452

2197.185

994.406

10396.952

1957

1205.643

6340.243

7545.886

624.690

581.808

1206.498

1067.876

92.707

2367.081

168.747

2535.827

1206.512

11288.225

1958

1376.080

6902.963

8279.043

673.845

687.236

1361.081

1185.231

94.273

2640.585

−208.086

2432.499

1231.244

11942.786

1959

1507.983

7260.192

8768.175

746.371

765.351

1511.721

1331.223

99.626

2942.570

−386.209

2556.362

1361.752

12686.289

1960

1638.893

7696.898

9335.791

780.605

862.787

1643.392

1487.076

101.224

3231.692

−71.427

3160.265

1654.401

14150.457

1961

1818.655

8395.883

10214.538

895.547

957.495

1853.042

1730.624

103.856

3687.522

103.095

3790.617

1885.112

15890.267

1962

2124.895

9316.060

11440.955

1125.148

1078.729

2203.876

1887.876

99.508

4191.260

179.528

4370.788

2106.989

17918.733

1963

2462.662

10191.365

12654.028

1315.575

1123.061

2438.636

1821.115

85.770

4345.522

1488.490

5834.012

2314.775

20802.816

1964

3022.210

11841.070

14863.280

1698.694

1315.235

3013.930

1948.489

82.986

5045.405

−37.366

5008.038

2660.427

22531.745

1965

3707.705

13570.173

17277.878

1747.712

1449.246

3196.958

2102.688

80.567

5380.213

−1694.376

3685.837

3186.603

24150.318

1966

3925.154

14567.197

18492.351

1728.442

1505.044

3233.486

2117.114

73.459

5424.059

−943.144

4480.915

3555.361

26528.628

1967

4087.593

15526.385

19613.978

1852.950

1681.339

3534.290

2237.382

69.638

5841.310

247.710

6089.019

3813.682

29516.680

1968

4480.541

16394.927

20875.468

2159.212

1847.537

4006.749

2482.887

71.141

6560.777

171.670

6732.448

4347.708

31955.623

1969

4931.485

17947.977

22879.462

2620.731

2221.703

4842.435

2717.944

69.051

7629.430

194.513

7823.944

5006.269

35709.674

1970

5421.117

20596.645

26017.762

2951.932

2479.663

5431.595

3387.990

75.617

8895.202

264.176

9159.378

5573.600

40750.740

1971

6467.049

22545.471

29012.520

3039.495

2525.878

5565.373

3794.414

168.450

9528.237

−367.697

9160.540

6249.400

44422.460

1972

7334.117

24803.997

32138.114

3096.489

2807.976

5904.464

4076.120

223.733

10204.318

−548.982

9655.336

7167.300

48960.750

1973

8502.971

29979.398

38482.369

3796.829

3536.706

7333.535

5566.680

197.329

13097.544

303.807

13401.351

8545.700

60429.420

1974

10249.207

37644.761

47893.968

4946.679

4654.480

9601.159

7646.462

218.355

17465.976

1736.096

19202.072

12469.100

79565.140

1975

12075.068

44268.648

56343.715

5610.512

5543.465

11153.977

7779.162

260.602

19193.741

−1628.156

17565.585

14442.400

88351.700

1976

14641.187

54759.701

69400.889

6242.416

6322.796

12565.212

10220.101

301.804

23087.117

1636.245

24723.361

19445.100

113569.350

1977

18134.853

66211.764

84346.617

7404.995

7662.352

15067.348

12505.729

350.999

27924.076

−318.033

27606.043

25201.500

137154.160

1978

22123.948

76255.911

98379.859

8552.491

9016.824

17569.315

14012.059

427.547

32008.921

−269.870

31739.051

30061.000

160179.910

1979

27194.943

94029.703

121224.646

10397.724

10523.489

20921.213

17816.440

532.810

39270.462

423.102

39693.564

37972.300

198890.510

1980

34413.008

120058.927

154471.934

13542.021

13648.523

27190.543

24112.088

704.842

52007.473

2359.242

54366.716

42788.600

251627.250

1981

44506.131

143931.923

188438.053

16660.015

17790.399

34450.414

27193.929

940.281

62584.623

−2505.447

60079.177

55012.600

303529.830

1982

52746.083

170373.367

223119.450

18565.998

20147.717

38713.716

29764.529

1118.758

69597.002

−1441.402

68155.600

63295.300

354570.350

1983

62778.990

195918.468

258697.458

22170.090

21898.202

44068.292

31188.460

1276.618

76533.370

−2140.428

74392.942

70956.000

404046.400

1984

70981.049

224328.356

295309.405

24342.561

23689.496

48032.056

37211.521

1635.467

86879.045

2243.880

89122.925

83807.500

468239.830

1985

80312.919

251650.446

331963.365

25592.029

26615.986

52208.015

41515.129

1985.601

95708.745

3708.890

99417.635

94540.200

525921.200

1986

87313.219

278285.599

365598.818

25781.831

29409.200

55191.031

43832.674

3115.247

102138.952

1030.600

103169.552

92601.000

561369.370

1987

99383.241

303125.936

402509.177

26313.186

31362.147

57675.332

50263.237

3806.810

111745.379

3088.733

114834.113

97400.300

614743.590

1988

112774.233

334081.092

446855.325

28647.236

34716.462

63363.697

58347.444

4736.662

126447.803

3758.652

130206.455

105791.000

682852.780

1989

122587.008

370043.225

492630.233

31118.482

39002.665

70121.148

64098.856

4907.335

139127.338

2249.139

141376.477

122356.700

756363.410

1990

141215.958

402051.280

543267.238

35651.121

45010.386

80661.507

68859.983

5200.478

154721.969

1992.284

156714.252

134826.100

834807.590

1991

154898.682

441526.493

596425.175

39881.860

48433.262

88315.122

71733.891

5824.137

165873.149

2758.066

168631.215

137099.300

902155.690

1992

161999.974

471886.940

633886.913

42333.080

48722.398

91055.477

72973.305

6030.163

170058.946

2568.111

172627.057

147408.900

953922.870

1993

165630.100

481889.898

647519.998

42919.383

44212.868

87132.251

63286.507

5891.797

156310.555

242.217

156552.772

176846.600

980919.370

1994

168996.896

514382.363

683379.259

43994.096

41705.010

85699.105

70308.894

6344.141

162352.140

2178.301

164530.441

200467.900

1048377.600

1995

170150.973

553298.610

723449.583

45331.574

45962.899

91294.474

82464.396

6827.167

180586.037

7317.850

187903.887

243803.800

1155157.270

1996

183261.190

581253.716

764514.906

45694.761

49388.318

95083.079

86737.104

8331.989

190152.172

2242.542

192394.714

248249.600

1205159.220

1997

192080.431

613224.152

805304.583

45868.252

50649.631

96517.883

93122.431

8738.809

198379.124

4638.583

203017.707

264523.700

1272845.990

1998

197669.353

645974.379

843643.732

46315.236

52176.101

98491.337

102397.863

9660.018

210549.218

3589.930

214139.148

274864.000

1332646.880

1999

205468.519

674557.733

880026.252

47573.882

54829.988

102403.870

108303.284

10591.385

221298.539

4811.289

226109.828

275840.800

1381976.880

2000

219728.160

713699.159

933427.319

51365.709

60750.276

112115.985

118422.688

11489.942

242028.615

4460.876

246489.491

322247.500

1502164.310

2001

236857.030

737679.777

974536.807

53051.743

66466.562

119518.306

122332.867

11926.911

253778.084

3194.909

256972.993

338263.500

1569773.300

2002

248782.942

760322.503

1009105.444

56300.784

74871.357

131172.141

126922.033

12794.643

270888.817

2788.458

273677.276

333219.200

1616001.920

2003

262942.018

789025.889

1051967.907

59632.262

78452.656

138084.919

121005.919

12685.364

271776.202

4208.711

275984.913

327913.100

1655865.920

2004

276237.996

815813.681

1092051.677

63608.078

83138.605

146746.684

126211.878

12509.268

285467.830

3950.953

289418.783

352850.300

1734320.760

2005

290817.958

843977.394

1134795.352

70297.177

84003.334

154300.511

129799.050

12275.777

296375.338

−619.729

295755.608

370835.800

1801386.760

2006

299260.007

877443.967

1176703.973

75529.124

85465.941

160995.065

139332.228

12997.904

313325.197

7733.270

321058.467

411831.200

1909593.640

2007

304180.982

907545.720

1211726.702

79066.510

88443.429

167509.939

146758.362

13639.629

327907.931

10242.157

338150.088

448236.800

1998113.590

2008

316570.908

928956.202

1245527.110

80698.519

87355.992

168054.511

143723.958

13728.594

325507.063

7456.787

332963.850

450543.000

2029033.960

2009

326247.956

912300.300

1238548.256

73790.995

81464.823

155255.818

121180.066

13243.610

289679.494

−2292.320

287387.174

362448.600

1888384.030

2010

328606.964

934901.945

1263508.909

73603.492

78943.057

152546.549

135046.932

13692.232

301285.713

11455.948

312741.661

414728.400

1990978.970

(1) Exports of goods and services are obtained by interpolating estimates for 1871 by Baffigi et al. (2011); for 1891, 1911, 1938, and 1951 by Rey (2002); and for 1970 by Rey et al. (2011). See endnote 9.

Table A4 Consumption, investments, and balance of payments’ current account (constant prices, million euros, present-day boundaries) (1)

1861–1911 at 1911 Prices

Year

Consumption

Fixed Investments

Inventory Variation

Total Investments

Exports of Goods and Services (2)

Total Supply

Construction

Plants, Machinery, and Means of Transport Equipment

Other Investments

Public Consumption

Private Consumption

Total Consumption

Housing

Nonhousing

Total Construction

Total Fixed Investments

1861

0.636

4.644

5.280

0.035

0.148

0.183

0.045

0.060

0.288

0.010

0.298

0.25317

5.831

1862

0.701

4.598

5.299

0.053

0.170

0.223

0.048

0.062

0.333

0.011

0.343

0.298

5.941

1863

0.698

4.761

5.459

0.045

0.182

0.227

0.047

0.065

0.339

0.011

0.349

0.337

6.146

1864

0.722

4.846

5.568

0.051

0.175

0.227

0.056

0.077

0.359

0.013

0.372

0.306

6.246

1865

0.718

5.203

5.921

0.042

0.184

0.226

0.072

0.093

0.391

0.013

0.403

0.296

6.621

1866

1.029

4.913

5.941

0.032

0.146

0.178

0.075

0.093

0.346

0.009

0.355

0.335

6.631

1867

0.599

4.881

5.479

0.032

0.109

0.142

0.082

0.094

0.318

−0.014

0.303

0.338

6.121

1868

0.613

4.948

5.560

0.027

0.110

0.137

0.087

0.094

0.317

0.009

0.326

0.361

6.248

1869

0.636

5.041

5.677

0.033

0.102

0.134

0.086

0.093

0.313

0.009

0.322

0.370

6.369

1870

0.669

5.225

5.894

0.028

0.114

0.142

0.091

0.106

0.339

−0.035

0.304

0.351

6.549

1871

0.591

5.092

5.682

0.035

0.111

0.146

0.136

0.125

0.406

−0.084

0.322

0.474

6.478

1872

0.541

5.010

5.551

0.036

0.126

0.161

0.177

0.144

0.483

−0.015

0.468

0.417

6.436

1873

0.546

4.891

5.437

0.049

0.145

0.194

0.195

0.155

0.543

0.065

0.608

0.402

6.447

1874

0.532

5.216

5.748

0.057

0.150

0.207

0.230

0.187

0.624

0.070

0.694

0.380

6.821

1875

0.542

5.334

5.875

0.043

0.125

0.168

0.197

0.192

0.557

0.011

0.568

0.436

6.879

1876

0.558

5.252

5.810

0.040

0.118

0.158

0.202

0.180

0.540

−0.008

0.532

0.439

6.781

1877

0.513

5.405

5.918

0.041

0.123

0.164

0.200

0.170

0.533

0.007

0.540

0.386

6.844

1878

0.498

5.565

6.063

0.039

0.127

0.166

0.217

0.174

0.557

−0.029

0.528

0.484

7.076

1879

0.512

5.725

6.236

0.037

0.133

0.170

0.204

0.154

0.528

−0.044

0.485

0.506

7.227

1880

0.487

5.709

6.196

0.040

0.149

0.189

0.250

0.167

0.606

−0.036

0.570

0.545

7.311

1881

0.481

5.921

6.402

0.046

0.157

0.203

0.257

0.165

0.625

−0.017

0.608

0.597

7.607

1882

0.504

5.958

6.462

0.057

0.188

0.245

0.264

0.158

0.666

0.054

0.720

0.596

7.778

1883

0.521

6.113

6.634

0.056

0.212

0.268

0.265

0.153

0.686

−0.005

0.681

0.615

7.930

1884

0.543

6.030

6.573

0.059

0.223

0.282

0.285

0.159

0.725

−0.005

0.720

0.593

7.886

1885

0.563

6.305

6.867

0.069

0.229

0.297

0.268

0.141

0.707

0.029

0.735

0.623

8.225

1886

0.563

6.496

7.059

0.070

0.235

0.305

0.344

0.165

0.814

−0.041

0.773

0.600

8.432

1887

0.611

6.669

7.280

0.053

0.239

0.292

0.330

0.149

0.770

0.070

0.840

0.656

8.776

1888

0.652

6.335

6.987

0.038

0.249

0.287

0.451

0.191

0.929

−0.045

0.884

0.609

8.480

1889

0.667

6.328

6.995

0.040

0.234

0.274

0.372

0.160

0.806

0.030

0.836

0.558

8.389

1890

0.655

6.419

7.074

0.054

0.224

0.277

0.325

0.140

0.743

0.047

0.790

0.521

8.385

1891

0.642

6.589

7.232

0.060

0.213

0.273

0.305

0.128

0.707

−0.055

0.652

0.543

8.426

1892

0.640

6.687

7.327

0.053

0.198

0.252

0.283

0.118

0.653

−0.042

0.611

0.583

8.521

1893

0.655

6.815

7.470

0.061

0.182

0.243

0.282

0.123

0.648

−0.028

0.620

0.620

8.710

1894

0.714

6.787

7.501

0.059

0.183

0.242

0.331

0.140

0.713

−0.039

0.674

0.662

8.837

1895

0.739

6.838

7.577

0.058

0.134

0.192

0.350

0.146

0.687

0.056

0.743

0.647

8.967

1896

0.752

6.893

7.646

0.059

0.117

0.177

0.391

0.165

0.733

0.050

0.783

0.685

9.114

1897

0.734

7.021

7.755

0.059

0.119

0.179

0.423

0.178

0.780

−0.089

0.691

0.741

9.187

1898

0.730

7.117

7.847

0.060

0.117

0.176

0.441

0.184

0.802

−0.146

0.655

0.812

9.315

1899

0.740

6.985

7.725

0.061

0.121

0.181

0.477

0.204

0.863

0.007

0.870

0.891

9.487

1900

0.757

6.983

7.740

0.063

0.132

0.195

0.515

0.223

0.934

0.265

1.199

0.846

9.784

1901

0.770

7.312

8.081

0.071

0.143

0.215

0.621

0.257

1.093

−0.019

1.074

0.896

10.051

1902

0.766

7.601

8.366

0.083

0.164

0.247

0.668

0.262

1.178

−0.137

1.041

0.954

10.361

1903

0.749

7.794

8.543

0.097

0.174

0.270

0.697

0.257

1.225

−0.080

1.144

0.952

10.640

1904

0.769

7.701

8.470

0.108

0.184

0.292

0.824

0.289

1.405

−0.119

1.286

1.025

10.781

1905

0.787

7.875

8.662

0.119

0.206

0.325

1.071

0.378

1.774

−0.264

1.510

1.096

11.268

1906

0.797

7.882

8.679

0.117

0.239

0.355

1.221

0.428

2.004

0.010

2.014

1.156

11.849

1907

0.800

8.111

8.911

0.123

0.261

0.384

1.164

0.410

1.958

0.293

2.251

1.111

12.273

1908

0.838

8.456

9.294

0.129

0.290

0.418

1.046

0.380

1.844

0.373

2.218

1.079

12.590

1909

0.859

9.123

9.982

0.152

0.356

0.508

0.967

0.364

1.840

−0.125

1.714

1.170

12.867

1910

0.975

9.065

10.039

0.179

0.418

0.597

0.960

0.331

1.889

−0.126

1.762

1.219

13.021

1911

1.096

9.277

10.373

0.181

0.453

0.634

0.842

0.294

1.770

−0.058

1.712

1.254

13.339

Year

1911–1951 at 1938 Prices

Consumption

Fixed Investments

Inventory Variation

Total Investments

Exports of Goods and Services

Total Supply

Constructions

Plants, Machinery, and Transport Equipment

Other Investments

Public Consumption

Private Consumption

Total Consumption

Housing

Nonhousing

Total Constructions

Total Fixed Investments

1911

4.455

46.721

51.176

0.760

2.158

2.917

4.066

1.472

8.455

−0.281

8.174

5.200

64.550

1912

4.801

47.178

51.979

0.772

2.186

2.958

3.709

1.163

7.830

0.097

7.927

5.652

65.558

1913

4.947

49.869

54.816

0.753

2.127

2.880

3.425

1.150

7.454

0.196

7.650

5.939

68.406

1914

7.475

43.594

51.069

0.804

2.244

3.048

3.464

1.147

7.659

−0.348

7.311

5.122

63.502

1915

19.530

32.920

52.450

0.423

1.821

2.245

2.852

0.742

5.838

−0.939

4.899

5.009

62.358

1916

32.557

27.880

60.437

0.122

1.127

1.249

2.003

0.293

3.545

−0.084

3.461

4.380

68.278

1917

41.801

20.061

61.862

0.100

0.723

0.824

1.618

0.240

2.681

0.147

2.829

3.019

67.710

1918

44.074

17.251

61.325

0.099

0.624

0.723

1.681

0.127

2.530

−0.410

2.120

2.272

65.717

1919

29.211

26.169

55.381

0.258

1.308

1.567

2.374

0.201

4.141

−0.567

3.575

3.511

62.466

1920

14.957

38.977

53.934

0.280

1.408

1.688

2.329

0.360

4.377

1.010

5.388

4.198

63.519

1921

16.114

36.335

52.449

0.347

1.663

2.009

2.614

0.467

5.091

0.071

5.162

3.754

61.366

1922

12.473

44.423

56.895

0.602

2.274

2.876

2.647

0.833

6.355

−0.351

6.004

3.803

66.703

1923

8.481

52.238

60.719

0.852

2.488

3.341

2.939

1.047

7.327

−0.441

6.886

4.794

72.399

1924

7.646

53.885

61.531

1.090

2.245

3.335

3.312

0.849

7.497

−0.340

7.157

5.993

74.680

1925

7.148

58.217

65.366

1.260

1.991

3.251

3.579

0.832

7.662

0.732

8.394

6.660

80.420

1926

7.787

58.265

66.052

1.167

2.136

3.304

3.549

0.926

7.779

0.764

8.543

6.401

80.996

1927

8.029

56.752

64.781

0.927

2.225

3.152

4.681

0.897

8.730

−0.869

7.861

6.731

79.373

1928

8.101

61.150

69.251

0.954

2.217

3.172

5.584

0.797

9.553

−0.546

9.007

6.995

85.252

1929

8.115

61.405

69.520

1.523

2.626

4.149

5.661

0.780

10.590

1.330

11.920

7.676

89.116

1930

8.016

57.559

65.575

1.730

3.017

4.747

5.811

0.700

11.257

0.789

12.046

6.996

84.617

1931

9.523

55.970

65.494

1.582

2.860

4.442

5.313

0.776

10.531

−0.392

10.139

6.827

82.460

1932

9.886

58.239

68.126

1.365

2.809

4.174

5.019

0.974

10.167

−0.831

9.336

5.473

82.934

1933

10.421

57.477

67.898

1.341

3.161

4.502

4.600

1.037

10.138

−0.477

9.662

5.579

83.139

1934

10.555

55.625

66.180

1.829

3.280

5.109

4.627

0.922

10.659

−0.270

10.389

5.558

82.127

1935

12.421

56.586

69.007

2.556

3.344

5.900

5.149

1.002

12.050

−0.026

12.024

5.031

86.061

1936

16.432

48.350

64.782

2.452

3.061

5.514

5.533

1.359

12.405

−1.136

11.269

4.615

80.666

1937

16.111

56.819

72.931

1.735

2.550

4.285

6.116

0.856

11.257

−0.192

11.065

6.380

90.376

1938

15.270

58.899

74.169

1.340

2.188

3.528

6.800

0.987

11.315

0.344

11.659

6.463

92.290

1939

17.062

60.253

77.315

1.261

2.660

3.922

7.940

1.098

12.960

0.167

13.127

6.893

97.335

1940

18.715

57.162

75.878

0.938

2.841

3.779

7.139

0.957

11.875

0.533

12.408

7.075

95.360

1941

20.638

56.920

77.557

0.672

2.616

3.287

7.007

0.880

11.174

0.110

11.284

5.505

94.347

1942

27.304

45.961

73.266

0.648

2.424

3.072

6.930

0.511

10.513

−0.481

10.032

5.622

88.920

1943

36.796

25.533

62.329

0.507

1.851

2.358

7.056

0.590

10.004

−1.943

8.061

2.377

72.766

1944

28.097

23.589

51.686

0.334

1.146

1.480

4.885

0.593

6.958

−1.454

5.503

0.568

57.757

1945

17.823

28.103

45.926

0.346

1.313

1.659

4.280

0.925

6.863

−1.490

5.374

0.279

51.579

1946

17.107

37.725

54.832

0.874

3.694

4.567

9.218

1.457

15.242

−2.456

12.787

3.096

70.714

1947

12.923

53.735

66.659

0.644

3.953

4.597

8.483

1.107

14.188

1.657

15.845

0.175

82.678

1948

13.636

66.212

79.849

0.923

3.603

4.525

9.126

1.076

14.727

1.264

15.991

0.152

95.992

1949

11.476

58.765

70.241

1.142

3.597

4.739

11.484

1.084

17.307

−0.505

16.803

17.333

104.377

1950

12.518

67.098

79.616

1.809

3.950

5.759

13.084

1.886

20.729

−0.557

20.171

9.462

109.249

1951

13.846

80.037

93.883

2.092

4.527

6.618

13.217

2.119

21.955

0.283

22.238

12.980

129.102

Year

1951–1970 at 1963 Prices

Consumption

Fixed Investments

Inventory Variation

Total Investments

Exports of Goods and Services

Total Supply

Constructions

Plants, Machinery, and Transport Equipment

Other Investments

Public Consumption

Private Consumption

Total Consumption

Housing

Nonhousing

Total Constructions

Total Fixed Investments

1951

1415.111

5988.229

7403.340

263.747

381.712

645.459

730.234

165.299

1540.992

14.727

1555.719

518.643

9477.702

1952

1478.312

6226.349

7704.661

328.042

445.501

773.543

777.103

155.388

1706.034

26.108

1732.143

509.810

9946.614

1953

1533.319

6605.486

8138.804

400.339

521.982

922.321

861.386

148.719

1932.426

9.220

1941.646

623.507

10703.957

1954

1617.856

6678.049

8295.905

486.879

572.765

1059.643

966.108

136.585

2162.336

−35.474

2126.862

676.523

11099.290

1955

1691.007

7041.088

8732.095

608.285

647.488

1255.773

1074.433

130.180

2460.386

−58.924

2401.462

750.240

11883.798

1956

1758.141

7300.552

9058.693

681.646

639.634

1321.280

1123.675

119.211

2564.165

40.626

2604.791

878.007

12541.492

1957

1813.343

7489.022

9302.365

785.101

713.194

1498.295

1133.981

112.931

2745.206

182.620

2927.826

1070.124

13300.315

1958

1976.072

8023.725

9999.797

840.752

830.305

1671.057

1258.318

112.313

3041.688

−225.694

2815.994

1202.888

14018.679

1959

2118.363

8517.137

10635.500

933.931

920.065

1853.996

1461.120

118.787

3433.903

−431.266

3002.638

1418.719

15056.856

1960

2218.277

8956.705

11174.981

952.515

1019.667

1972.182

1632.448

119.241

3723.871

−79.943

3643.928

1679.064

16497.974

1961

2326.318

9443.230

11769.548

1046.242

1086.036

2132.277

1845.942

117.985

4096.205

110.582

4206.786

1943.561

17919.895

1962

2468.792

9966.685

12435.477

1223.457

1173.373

2396.830

1985.569

107.350

4489.750

189.580

4679.330

2173.994

19288.801

1963

2462.662

10191.365

12654.028

1315.575

1123.061

2438.636

1821.115

85.770

4345.522

1488.490

5834.012

2314.775

20802.816

1964

2787.136

11284.970

14072.105

1532.483

1188.523

2721.006

1923.579

78.719

4723.304

−36.822

4686.482

2573.136

21331.723

1965

3191.529

12564.038

15755.568

1585.420

1274.497

2859.917

2071.702

73.902

5005.521

−1638.674

3366.847

3076.504

22198.919

1966

3255.877

13057.082

16312.959

1551.021

1286.833

2837.854

2045.710

65.125

4948.690

−892.339

4056.351

3467.367

23836.676

1967

3308.122

13418.591

16726.714

1600.717

1379.124

2979.842

2128.486

59.609

5167.937

232.720

5400.658

3684.884

25812.255

1968

3493.143

14043.465

17536.608

1823.636

1484.736

3308.372

2355.512

60.230

5724.114

172.239

5896.352

4233.282

27666.243

1969

3684.497

14995.230

18679.727

2039.530

1659.899

3699.429

2530.227

57.029

6286.684

193.049

6479.733

4789.781

29949.242

1970

3871.246

16398.311

20269.557

1996.433

1661.599

3658.032

2920.196

59.544

6637.772

239.300

6877.072

5081.005

32227.635

Year

1970–2010 at 2010 Prices

Consumption

Fixed Investments

Inventory Variation

Total Investments

Exports of Goods and Services

Total Supply

Constructions

Plants, Machinery, and Transport Equipment

Other Investments

Public Consumption

Private Consumption

Total Consumption

Housing

Nonhousing

Total Constructions

Total Fixed Investments

1970

146803.729

399953.339

546440.565

73124.360

64901.648

138476.149

43846.786

1461.538

166761.548

166299.139

86101.411

797182.098

1971

153584.702

415061.548

568040.522

72103.430

62383.547

134972.653

46743.592

2749.898

169631.188

154738.108

92509.274

812923.892

1972

161873.098

428799.544

589484.163

70074.891

66382.824

136825.919

49772.800

3219.351

175881.281

161313.051

100342.971

849720.296

1973

167084.203

453645.217

620176.314

69363.498

70259.698

139897.667

57596.603

2519.159

188370.832

187351.027

106353.217

913248.380

1974

172409.361

467918.786

639745.409

70357.608

73334.626

143888.461

59395.404

2468.069

193822.408

205056.444

113952.276

959984.250

1975

178953.145

469367.017

646497.913

67450.561

72886.295

140398.945

52640.084

2570.185

181687.942

160377.554

115868.676

918121.256

1976

186704.076

490406.807

675268.088

62152.750

69877.673

131971.786

57880.402

2538.982

182651.173

187659.508

129720.865

993159.882

1977

193194.915

505027.573

696105.655

62170.011

71489.316

133521.614

60993.153

2525.016

188153.765

176210.220

143524.776

1016783.472

1978

201344.576

518274.151

716751.894

61876.321

73316.650

134947.240

61750.599

2707.709

190455.313

175321.656

159108.247

1054580.915

1979

206206.231

553307.615

758198.165

63791.738

71566.471

135327.457

70798.531

2918.134

203163.638

192718.282

171513.619

1128202.861

1980

211620.140

586459.091

797900.387

66698.616

71305.268

138143.798

79626.359

3183.417

217159.654

214183.981

157175.913

1171288.570

1981

218728.874

595890.393

813844.562

66604.406

72972.391

139667.849

75664.579

3579.354

213768.911

195730.239

167924.027

1177465.129

1982

225162.076

601714.681

825573.857

63487.970

71753.007

135302.289

72622.749

3808.354

206562.216

192407.001

165730.220

1181247.890

1983

233426.471

600635.733

831606.949

66661.389

69487.894

136322.765

69424.522

3866.062

203588.725

184706.413

172028.174

1185606.057

1984

237140.978

618362.164

853405.420

67173.109

68785.232

136164.232

75842.980

4523.238

211700.004

203151.013

185278.194

1243341.731

1985

243886.271

636090.636

877826.273

65081.364

70609.820

135796.739

77653.541

4908.642

213888.300

209800.765

191901.407

1281483.843

1986

249886.785

661942.158

910096.263

62990.654

75275.920

138233.235

79222.978

7106.747

219843.858

217419.562

195132.708

1323896.372

1987

261746.770

686043.107

945634.531

61653.626

76557.529

138116.683

87365.765

8165.496

230439.755

233161.653

203160.457

1384157.477

1988

272044.606

714090.455

983935.121

62887.499

79064.744

141837.365

97679.608

9335.053

247004.695

245564.565

213701.407

1445998.619

1989

273450.976

742436.229

1014419.084

64560.483

83636.592

148036.892

102309.567

9353.265

257835.238

256339.584

231923.728

1506513.248

1990

279868.610

757765.748

1036076.612

67033.144

87872.329

154723.160

106679.352

9502.176

268923.103

267013.996

247829.015

1555900.521

1991

285187.889

778459.908

1062135.131

69092.582

87560.919

156518.165

108223.005

9604.855

272379.130

271981.690

242567.344

1581465.829

1992

287909.067

791330.940

1077767.629

69898.341

83741.900

153598.633

107422.589

9363.643

268562.661

267551.589

259094.740

1608417.721

1993

283495.140

766877.219

1048751.336

68977.654

73264.819

142375.324

89174.214

8689.236

237792.937

236283.906

281628.821

1567244.304

1994

278803.594

778708.432

1056353.112

68112.706

66808.920

135129.929

96118.793

8966.668

238831.276

248233.111

308680.518

1614531.690

1995

269703.924

790123.111

1059482.221

68451.651

71363.005

139957.730

106918.906

9352.399

255358.378

269076.471

346957.641

1677209.006

1996

271831.109

797628.232

1069144.322

67065.843

74760.042

141904.985

108950.950

11229.277

261308.113

267772.263

352170.464

1690784.212

1997

273114.157

823101.858

1096314.085

65499.001

74391.586

139948.458

114262.709

11385.692

265477.238

275345.175

370288.581

1743598.632

1998

274145.012

851582.274

1126187.034

64854.218

74754.642

139652.160

123760.674

12354.019

276557.223

285158.285

379537.128

1792623.278

1999

277940.909

873472.566

1152006.888

65685.741

77727.465

143436.219

129696.964

13157.479

287339.262

297818.724

378071.389

1830006.873

2000

284130.027

894044.421

1178793.355

68707.121

83064.455

151774.624

138400.103

13953.407

305337.112

315172.112

423164.194

1918118.787

2001

295308.293

900265.488

1195981.874

69707.925

88725.286

158392.093

140091.514

14194.581

313580.475

321691.091

434184.539

1952723.873

2002

302428.423

901993.353

1204727.906

71223.216

96532.668

167671.454

142556.660

14592.701

325305.692

332898.929

421770.116

1960695.115

2003

308292.501

910863.327

1219413.201

73655.068

98123.113

171705.497

135600.850

14279.702

321328.994

330474.520

413329.377

1965110.914

2004

315131.212

918036.707

1233377.286

75806.502

99689.490

175428.722

139699.840

13685.591

328569.856

337438.851

433453.264

2005255.862

2005

321112.385

928660.802

1249961.685

79853.707

96406.140

176214.987

142063.143

13166.147

331237.897

334779.856

438197.108

2024059.514

2006

322585.802

940329.542

1263112.435

83114.055

94926.826

178020.719

149243.732

13753.306

340949.339

353125.952

465447.902

2081597.459

2007

325505.256

950502.417

1276209.284

83765.967

94877.157

178626.340

153836.875

14275.106

346748.107

360945.820

486651.754

2123098.878

2008

327293.482

943108.590

1270533.931

82877.874

90450.423

173332.040

146062.187

14103.893

333481.941

344056.492

465739.606

2080096.027

2009

330539.820

925946.892

1256493.399

75237.238

83090.313

158327.150

122200.727

13488.924

293909.499

294009.541

380060.691

1931364.856

2010

328607.000

934902.048

1263509.048

73603.500

78943.066

152546.566

135046.947

13692.233

301285.746

312741.695

414728.400

1990978.970

(1) Reference years vary across subperiods and, in particular, 1861–1911 is based on 1911 prices; 1911–1951 on 1938 prices; 1951–1970 on 1963 prices; and 1970–2010 on 2010 prices (see chapter 6, section 3)

(2) Exports of goods and services are obtained by interpolating estimates for 1871 by Baffigi et al. (2011); for 1891, 1911, 1938, and 1951 by Rey (2002); and for 1970 by Rey et al. (2011). See endnote 9.

Table A5 Number of workers (headcount; present-day boundaries) (*)

Year

Industry

Services

Total Economy

Agriculture, Forestry, and Fishing

Mining and Quarrying

Manufacturing

Construction

Public Utilities

Total Industry

Wholesale and Retail Trade, Hotels and Restaurants

Transport, Storage, and Communication

Finance, Insurance, and Real Estate

Community, Social, and Personal Services

Government Services

Total Services

1861

8,615,517

25,189

2,080,548

199,769

2,237

2,307,743

672,819

238,015

6,631

864,378

162,144

1,943,986

12,867,246

1862

8,684,944

27,080

2,056,114

207,587

2,299

2,293,080

683,342

239,115

7,152

868,761

167,582

1,965,952

12,943,976

1863

8,754,371

28,972

2,031,680

215,405

2,360

2,278,418

693,866

246,215

7,673

873,143

173,020

1,993,918

13,026,707

1864

8,823,798

30,864

2,007,246

223,223

2,422

2,263,756

704,390

246,315

8,195

877,526

178,458

2,014,883

13,102,437

1865

8,893,226

32,756

1,982,812

231,041

2,484

2,249,093

714,913

239,350

8,716

881,908

183,896

2,028,783

13,171,102

1866

8,962,653

34,648

1,958,378

238,860

2,546

2,234,431

725,437

264,442

9,237

886,291

189,334

2,074,741

13,271,825

1867

9,032,080

36,540

1,933,944

246,678

2,607

2,219,769

735,960

272,942

9,758

890,673

194,772

2,104,106

13,355,955

1868

9,101,507

38,432

1,909,510

254,496

2,669

2,205,107

746,484

283,187

10,280

895,056

200,210

2,135,216

13,441,829

1869

9,170,934

40,324

1,885,076

262,314

2,731

2,190,444

757,007

288,146

10,801

899,438

205,648

2,161,041

13,522,420

1870

9,240,362

42,215

1,860,642

270,132

2,792

2,175,782

767,531

293,922

11,322

903,821

211,086

2,187,682

13,603,825

1871

9,309,789

41,063

1,836,208

277,950

2,854

2,158,076

778,054

294,518

11,843

908,203

216,524

2,209,144

13,677,008

1872

9,322,070

49,869

1,896,934

311,481

2,933

2,261,217

790,224

310,368

12,919

926,214

223,786

2,263,511

13,846,798

1873

9,334,350

54,338

1,957,660

345,012

3,011

2,360,021

802,393

330,281

13,995

944,224

231,048

2,321,941

14,016,313

1874

9,346,631

51,294

2,018,387

378,542

3,090

2,451,313

814,563

350,614

15,070

962,234

238,310

2,380,791

14,178,735

1875

9,358,912

55,474

2,079,113

412,073

3,168

2,549,828

826,732

369,880

16,146

980,244

245,572

2,438,574

14,347,314

1876

9,371,193

54,749

2,139,839

445,604

3,247

2,643,439

838,902

388,657

17,221

998,255

252,834

2,495,868

14,510,500

1877

9,383,474

57,423

2,200,565

479,134

3,326

2,740,448

851,071

400,246

18,297

1,016,265

260,096

2,545,974

14,669,896

1878

9,395,755

57,156

2,261,291

512,665

3,404

2,834,516

863,241

413,610

19,372

1,034,275

267,358

2,597,856

14,828,127

1879

9,408,035

63,543

2,322,018

546,196

3,483

2,935,239

875,410

339,727

20,448

1,052,285

274,620

2,562,491

14,905,766

1880

9,420,316

61,988

2,382,744

579,726

3,561

3,028,020

887,580

373,843

21,523

1,070,296

281,882

2,635,124

15,083,460

1881

9,432,597

66,566

2,443,470

613,257

3,640

3,126,933

899,749

383,161

22,599

1,088,306

289,144

2,682,959

15,242,489

1882

9,495,010

76,818

2,385,964

609,695

4,710

3,077,188

906,420

395,312

22,805

1,087,040

291,349

2,702,926

15,275,124

1883

9,557,424

77,069

2,859,709

606,134

5,780

3,548,692

913,091

410,369

23,011

1,085,774

293,553

2,725,798

15,831,914

1884

9,619,837

77,336

2,684,952

602,572

6,850

3,371,710

919,762

419,577

23,217

1,084,508

295,758

2,742,823

15,734,369

1885

9,682,250

76,421

2,510,251

599,010

7,920

3,193,603

926,433

406,545

23,424

1,083,242

297,963

2,737,606

15,613,459

1886

9,744,664

72,776

2,335,551

595,449

8,990

3,012,765

933,104

399,388

23,630

1,081,976

300,167

2,738,265

15,495,693

1887

9,807,077

69,680

2,160,850

591,887

10,060

2,832,477

939,775

425,608

23,836

1,080,710

302,372

2,772,301

15,411,855

1888

9,869,490

72,835

2,241,696

588,325

11,130

2,913,986

946,446

446,144

24,042

1,079,444

304,577

2,800,652

15,584,129

1889

9,931,903

72,764

2,529,478

584,763

12,200

3,199,207

953,117

448,701

24,248

1,078,178

306,781

2,811,025

15,942,135

1890

9,994,317

78,860

2,381,454

581,202

13,270

3,054,786

959,788

455,488

24,454

1,076,912

308,986

2,825,628

15,874,731

1891

10,056,730

84,290

2,089,698

577,640

14,341

2,765,969

966,459

437,646

24,660

1,075,646

311,191

2,815,602

15,638,301

1892

10,119,143

85,735

1,888,696

574,078

15,411

2,563,920

973,130

440,338

24,867

1,074,380

313,395

2,826,109

15,509,172

1893

10,181,557

83,093

1,690,473

570,517

16,481

2,360,563

979,801

461,406

25,073

1,073,114

315,600

2,854,994

15,397,113

1894

10,243,970

77,104

1,795,187

566,955

17,551

2,456,796

986,472

466,538

25,279

1,071,848

317,804

2,867,941

15,568,707

1895

10,306,383

67,705

1,904,661

563,393

18,621

2,554,380

993,143

464,599

25,213

1,070,582

320,009

2,873,545

15,734,309

1896

10,368,797

71,494

2,050,925

559,832

19,691

2,701,941

999,814

472,379

25,857

1,069,316

322,214

2,889,580

15,960,317

1897

10,431,210

79,069

2,290,566

556,270

20,761

2,946,666

1,006,485

483,000

29,624

1,068,050

324,418

2,911,578

16,289,453

1898

10,493,623

96,884

2,271,858

552,708

21,831

2,943,281

1,013,156

479,853

30,269

1,066,784

326,623

2,916,685

16,353,589

1899

10,556,036

107,766

2,461,207

549,146

22,901

3,141,020

1,019,827

480,120

30,450

1,065,518

328,828

2,924,743

16,621,799

1900

10,618,450

112,492

2,608,685

545,585

23,971

3,290,732

1,026,498

488,585

30,814

1,064,252

331,032

2,941,181

16,850,363

1901

10,680,863

112,987

2,665,214

577,640

25,041

3,380,882

966,459

496,668

30,219

1,062,986

333,237

2,889,569

16,951,314

1902

10,666,608

111,807

2,550,050

592,796

26,184

3,280,837

969,197

503,088

32,043

1,065,206

336,543

2,906,077

16,853,521

1903

10,652,353

113,518

2,617,182

607,952

27,327

3,365,979

971,935

463,185

35,681

1,067,426

339,848

2,878,075

16,896,406

1904

10,638,098

115,228

2,684,314

623,108

28,470

3,451,121

974,673

517,998

37,209

1,069,646

343,154

2,942,679

17,031,898

1905

10,623,843

116,939

2,751,446

638,264

29,613

3,536,263

977,411

528,879

39,808

1,071,866

346,459

2,964,423

17,124,529

1906

10,609,588

118,650

2,818,578

653,421

30,756

3,621,405

980,149

538,172

41,254

1,074,086

349,765

2,983,425

17,214,418

1907

10,595,333

120,309

2,944,405

668,577

31,898

3,765,189

982,886

533,288

43,173

1,076,306

353,070

2,988,724

17,349,246

1908

10,581,078

120,673

3,342,378

683,733

33,041

4,179,824

985,624

591,961

45,758

1,078,526

356,376

3,058,244

17,819,147

1909

10,566,823

121,482

3,283,291

698,889

34,184

4,137,847

988,362

591,777

48,144

1,080,746

359,681

3,068,710

17,773,380

1910

10,552,568

121,176

3,229,762

714,045

35,327

4,100,310

991,100

578,910

53,227

1,082,966

362,987

3,069,190

17,722,067

1911

10,538,313

124,294

3,309,253

729,201

36,470

4,199,218

993,838

600,580

55,524

1,085,186

366,292

3,101,420

17,838,951

1912

10,608,846

122,761

3,271,286

744,045

37,170

4,175,262

1,006,642

612,627

54,835

1,086,923

376,897

3,137,924

17,922,032

1913

10,679,378

122,258

3,502,703

758,890

37,871

4,421,722

1,019,446

623,416

55,807

1,088,661

387,501

3,174,830

18,275,931

1914

10,749,911

117,025

3,481,670

773,734

38,571

4,411,001

1,032,250

640,243

57,827

1,090,398

398,106

3,218,824

18,379,735

1915

10,820,443

98,500

3,104,640

788,579

39,272

4,030,990

1,045,054

653,869

57,693

1,092,135

408,710

3,257,462

18,108,895

1916

10,890,976

93,924

3,088,973

803,423

39,972

4,026,292

1,057,858

668,875

57,112

1,093,873

419,315

3,297,031

18,214,299

1917

10,961,509

101,167

2,614,170

818,267

40,672

3,574,277

1,070,662

636,164

54,776

1,095,610

429,919

3,287,131

17,822,916

1918

11,032,041

95,098

3,151,706

833,112

41,373

4,121,288

1,083,466

637,728

53,026

1,097,347

440,524

3,312,091

18,465,420

1919

11,102,574

98,287

3,395,422

847,956

42,073

4,383,738

1,096,270

682,607

57,689

1,099,084

451,128

3,386,778

18,873,090

1920

11,173,106

118,544

3,738,755

862,801

42,774

4,762,873

1,109,074

719,988

68,250

1,100,822

461,733

3,459,866

19,395,845

1921

11,243,639

104,868

3,258,825

877,645

43,474

4,284,812

1,121,878

730,156

71,580

1,102,559

472,337

3,498,510

19,026,961

1922

11,164,213

98,175

3,521,930

661,180

45,827

4,327,112

1,178,241

767,769

75,132

1,114,434

494,801

3,630,378

19,121,702

1923

11,084,786

106,002

3,495,144

622,096

48,179

4,271,422

1,234,604

747,399

77,483

1,126,309

517,265

3,703,060

19,059,268

1924

11,005,360

112,585

3,830,309

743,590

50,532

4,737,016

1,290,966

736,691

82,165

1,138,184

539,729

3,787,736

19,530,112

1925

10,925,933

129,289

4,240,488

792,636

52,885

5,215,298

1,347,329

756,325

86,616

1,150,059

562,194

3,902,524

20,043,754

1926

10,846,507

103,223

4,300,312

838,703

55,238

5,297,476

1,403,692

714,761

92,589

1,161,934

584,658

3,957,634

20,101,616

1927

10,767,080

98,750

4,500,952

772,922

57,590

5,430,214

1,460,055

727,194

99,309

1,173,809

596,801

4,057,168

20,254,462

1928

10,687,654

134,107

4,522,555

944,081

59,943

5,660,686

1,428,790

737,457

101,882

1,185,684

601,792

4,055,605

20,403,944

1929

10,608,227

142,191

4,601,948

1,234,126

62,296

6,040,561

1,397,525

748,019

105,094

1,197,559

592,017

4,040,215

20,689,003

1930

10,528,801

135,142

4,289,208

1,121,816

72,568

5,618,734

1,366,261

760,510

107,282

1,209,434

607,634

4,051,120

20,198,655

1931

10,449,374

117,155

3,730,804

1,025,827

66,297

4,940,083

1,334,996

743,859

109,149

1,221,309

626,018

4,035,331

19,424,788

1932

10,460,082

106,486

3,226,581

953,710

60,993

4,347,770

1,392,553

717,242

106,172

1,261,350

716,413

4,193,730

19,001,582

1933

10,470,790

101,504

3,219,113

975,468

60,459

4,356,545

1,450,111

702,427

103,814

1,301,391

694,885

4,252,627

19,079,961

1934

10,481,497

107,403

3,370,821

1,014,998

65,216

4,558,438

1,507,668

700,080

102,694

1,341,432

681,912

4,333,786

19,373,721

1935

10,492,205

116,513

3,948,100

1,147,395

66,685

5,278,693

1,565,226

703,538

105,465

1,381,473

684,032

4,439,733

20,210,631

1936

10,502,913

126,552

3,926,449

1,042,646

70,270

5,165,917

1,622,783

708,012

97,904

1,421,514

688,858

4,539,071

20,207,901

1937

10,401,424

151,052

4,361,175

1,316,743

72,038

5,901,008

1,625,173

701,677

103,127

1,406,801

730,936

4,567,714

20,870,147

1938

10,299,936

164,890

4,537,101

1,295,790

73,806

6,071,586

1,627,564

735,014

108,350

1,392,089

800,337

4,663,353

21,034,875

1939

10,198,447

166,015

4,536,520

1,309,402

75,574

6,087,510

1,629,954

733,319

113,573

1,377,376

858,470

4,712,692

20,998,649

1940

10,096,958

167,139

4,535,939

1,323,014

77,342

6,103,434

1,632,344

738,008

118,795

1,362,664

1,016,972

4,868,783

21,069,176

1941

9,995,470

168,264

4,535,358

1,336,627

79,110

6,119,358

1,634,735

742,696

124,018

1,347,951

1,176,060

5,025,459

21,140,287

1942

9,893,981

169,388

4,534,777

1,350,239

80,878

6,135,281

1,637,125

747,384

129,241

1,333,238

1,341,437

5,188,426

21,217,688

1943

9,792,492

170,512

4,534,196

1,363,851

82,646

6,151,205

1,639,515

752,072

134,464

1,318,526

1,490,407

5,334,984

21,278,682

1944

9,691,004

171,637

4,533,615

1,377,463

84,413

6,167,129

1,641,906

756,760

139,687

1,303,813

1,365,345

5,207,511

21,065,644

1945

9,589,515

172,761

4,533,034

1,391,076

86,181

6,183,053

1,644,296

761,449

144,910

1,289,101

1,240,283

5,080,038

20,852,606

1946

9,488,026

173,886

4,532,453

1,404,688

87,949

6,198,976

1,646,686

766,137

150,133

1,274,388

1,115,221

4,952,565

20,639,568

1947

9,386,538

175,010

4,531,873

1,418,300

89,717

6,214,900

1,649,077

770,825

155,356

1,259,675

1,134,304

4,969,237

20,570,674

1948

9,285,049

176,135

4,531,292

1,431,912

91,485

6,230,824

1,651,467

775,513

160,578

1,244,963

1,153,386

4,985,908

20,501,781

1949

9,183,560

177,259

4,530,711

1,445,525

93,253

6,246,748

1,653,857

780,202

165,801

1,230,250

1,174,770

5,004,880

20,435,188

1950

9,082,072

178,384

4,530,130

1,459,137

95,021

6,262,671

1,656,248

784,890

171,024

1,215,538

1,115,948

4,943,647

20,288,390

1951

8,980,583

179,508

4,529,549

1,472,749

96,789

6,278,595

1,658,638

789,578

176,247

1,200,825

1,194,314

5,019,602

20,278,780

1952

8,775,887

184,490

4,536,603

1,657,233

99,335

6,477,660

1,761,515

797,068

176,203

1,223,232

1,253,831

5,211,849

20,465,396

1953

8,572,146

177,172

4,613,822

1,852,140

101,845

6,744,979

1,858,127

803,988

182,816

1,244,808

1,310,397

5,400,136

20,717,262

1954

8,431,163

169,934

4,751,143

1,952,716

105,342

6,979,135

1,969,250

809,103

187,338

1,266,385

1,361,483

5,593,558

21,003,856

1955

8,125,602

162,776

4,764,293

2,016,764

107,775

7,051,608

2,056,451

834,362

190,771

1,277,173

1,418,111

5,776,867

20,954,076

1956

7,843,681

154,660

4,924,808

1,952,516

107,139

7,139,123

2,165,643

836,893

194,996

1,304,559

1,470,043

5,972,133

20,954,937

1957

7,505,408

147,702

5,095,301

1,959,372

108,512

7,310,887

2,267,244

850,712

199,067

1,336,094

1,531,241

6,184,359

21,000,653

1958

7,375,837

137,950

5,084,199

1,954,256

107,864

7,284,269

2,348,539

848,587

204,788

1,381,737

1,579,078

6,362,729

21,022,835

1959

7,259,322

132,190

5,130,560

1,948,219

109,202

7,320,172

2,376,990

850,643

205,856

1,358,501

1,641,243

6,433,232

21,012,725

1960

6,979,535

130,820

5,199,498

2,038,843

109,528

7,478,690

2,390,894

892,532

212,116

1,312,028

1,729,918

6,537,488

20,995,712

1961

6,613,058

125,698

5,301,283

2,138,683

112,785

7,678,449

2,454,817

949,056

213,811

1,297,920

1,824,621

6,740,225

21,031,732

1962

6,205,192

116,506

5,343,087

2,203,807

115,020

7,778,419

2,445,904

969,528

219,686

1,248,958

1,940,017

6,824,094

20,807,705

1963

5,668,929

114,456

5,408,083

2,243,450

115,280

7,881,269

2,439,327

986,580

228,731

1,209,954

2,047,690

6,912,280

20,462,479

1964

5,330,680

98,364

5,370,298

2,232,114

120,343

7,821,119

2,553,939

981,510

231,614

1,306,219

2,149,785

7,223,066

20,374,865

1965

5,331,761

88,816

5,230,390

2,035,211

123,420

7,477,837

2,536,045

983,168

230,217

1,215,763

2,229,245

7,194,439

20,004,036

1966

5,025,434

81,024

5,166,041

1,925,439

127,399

7,299,904

2,585,627

976,046

232,033

1,235,680

2,304,508

7,333,894

19,659,232

1967

4,925,124

72,356

5,261,289

1,918,219

133,209

7,385,072

2,696,304

965,541

230,504

1,266,385

2,399,654

7,558,388

19,868,585

1968

4,602,131

66,958

5,311,445

1,893,003

142,689

7,414,095

2,787,519

954,733

235,269

1,309,538

2,489,384

7,776,443

19,792,669

1969

4,369,860

61,640

5,375,586

1,906,955

146,440

7,490,621

2,879,974

945,520

236,688

1,326,966

2,607,414

7,996,562

19,857,043

1970

4,008,200

50,600

5,499,800

1,970,400

146,500

7,667,300

2,981,400

951,000

237,000

1,381,071

2,712,629

8,263,100

19,938,600

1971

4,004,000

50,800

5,592,600

1,861,200

150,800

7,655,400

2,880,800

960,300

242,100

1,360,710

2,841,790

8,285,700

19,945,100

1972

3,680,200

51,500

5,561,900

1,883,600

146,500

7,643,500

3,013,600

976,900

254,600

1,394,845

2,929,755

8,569,700

19,893,400

1973

3,571,200

52,800

5,666,000

1,874,200

148,500

7,741,500

3,094,800

1,009,700

272,400

1,475,950

3,009,450

8,862,300

20,175,000

1974

3,458,000

54,600

5,860,400

1,833,200

149,700

7,897,900

3,214,900

1,031,400

293,900

1,541,788

3,050,812

9,132,800

20,488,700

1975

3,276,300

55,700

5,933,700

1,762,700

150,300

7,902,400

3,307,900

1,043,900

314,800

1,576,766

3,082,234

9,325,600

20,504,300

1976

3,237,400

56,400

5,955,400

1,689,400

151,000

7,852,200

3,412,000

1,067,600

342,300

1,633,114

3,166,886

9,621,900

20,711,500

1977

3,084,200

58,300

6,022,700

1,678,400

152,600

7,912,000

3,431,000

1,068,200

363,200

1,664,768

3,251,932

9,779,100

20,775,300

1978

3,031,200

59,400

6,040,400

1,643,300

154,200

7,897,300

3,456,000

1,076,400

396,700

1,738,974

3,247,626

9,915,700

20,844,200

1979

2,941,200

61,000

6,132,600

1,638,600

153,900

7,986,100

3,553,300

1,087,800

428,300

1,814,316

3,264,784

10,148,500

21,075,800

1980

2,856,600

62,400

6,218,700

1,709,900

155,400

8,146,400

3,648,600

1,094,200

454,500

1,918,549

3,261,551

10,377,400

21,380,400

1981

2,670,500

64,100

6,082,200

1,740,100

157,600

8,044,000

3,739,600

1,114,600

478,900

2,021,818

3,293,782

10,648,700

21,363,200

1982

2,488,600

65,300

5,969,900

1,727,600

156,500

7,919,300

3,879,200

1,129,400

506,000

2,179,287

3,304,613

10,998,500

21,406,400

1983

2,466,300

60,200

5,826,000

1,707,700

157,400

7,751,300

3,986,000

1,130,800

519,600

2,319,034

3,302,766

11,258,200

21,475,800

1984

2,311,100

56,000

5,592,600

1,601,300

162,100

7,412,000

4,166,200

1,120,000

541,600

2,551,113

3,372,987

11,751,900

21,475,000

1985

2,168,800

53,600

5,494,700

1,583,300

166,700

7,298,300

4,233,100

1,133,100

561,400

2,872,409

3,411,091

12,211,100

21,678,200

1986

2,091,800

56,000

5,458,700

1,553,200

171,900

7,239,800

4,278,200

1,169,300

564,200

3,039,122

3,444,878

12,495,700

21,827,300

1987

2,002,400

56,700

5,389,100

1,532,100

176,100

7,154,000

4,353,600

1,174,800

561,300

3,136,791

3,496,609

12,723,100

21,879,500

1988

1,871,300

57,800

5,467,300

1,510,300

177,400

7,212,800

4,356,900

1,187,600

568,000

3,359,359

3,559,341

13,031,200

22,115,300

1989

1,764,200

58,800

5,529,400

1,486,200

179,700

7,254,100

4,326,700

1,184,600

586,000

3,560,541

3,590,459

13,248,300

22,266,600

1990

1,689,900

57,200

5,591,600

1,511,400

183,300

7,343,500

4,378,400

1,182,800

594,900

3,800,976

3,631,024

13,588,100

22,621,500

1991

1,642,700

51,700

5,562,100

1,558,700

184,900

7,357,400

4,465,600

1,184,900

611,100

4,108,504

3,673,796

14,043,900

23,044,000

1992

1,568,900

44,700

5,194,400

1,613,300

269,800

7,122,200

4,418,300

1,468,500

699,000

4,256,581

3,331,819

14,174,200

22,865,300

1993

1,447,300

43,100

5,013,800

1,573,200

265,600

6,895,700

4,304,500

1,428,600

690,900

4,159,558

3,324,542

13,908,100

22,251,100

1994

1,365,600

40,300

4,934,100

1,523,200

259,900

6,757,500

4,229,300

1,394,700

686,100

4,141,858

3,309,942

13,761,900

21,885,000

1995

1,307,400

38,900

4,909,600

1,500,800

252,900

6,702,200

4,196,500

1,384,500

682,300

4,269,751

3,298,349

13,831,400

21,841,000

1996

1,243,300

37,600

4,850,400

1,491,000

256,100

6,635,100

4,202,700

1,440,400

673,500

4,491,317

3,278,983

14,086,900

21,965,300

1997

1,220,900

37,800

4,833,500

1,508,100

250,600

6,630,000

4,170,700

1,467,000

671,700

4,625,790

3,249,010

14,184,200

22,035,100

1998

1,167,000

38,300

4,915,100

1,492,300

252,800

6,698,500

4,199,100

1,497,200

678,800

4,754,333

3,257,067

14,386,500

22,252,000

1999

1,105,600

38,400

4,877,000

1,530,700

255,800

6,701,900

4,279,600

1,556,200

678,200

4,917,526

3,255,074

14,686,600

22,494,100

2000

1,095,500

37,100

4,851,000

1,576,800

260,500

6,725,400

4,388,300

1,623,100

679,700

5,168,671

3,249,029

15,108,800

22,929,700

2001

1,102,500

36,800

4,838,700

1,676,100

259,800

6,811,400

4,530,200

1,655,300

692,300

5,316,487

3,285,713

15,480,000

23,393,900

2002

1,072,300

40,500

4,876,500

1,718,900

261,100

6,897,000

4,586,100

1,659,200

703,800

5,570,065

3,305,235

15,824,400

23,793,700

2003

1,002,600

38,600

4,912,200

1,773,100

259,900

6,983,800

4,670,100

1,669,000

711,200

5,829,948

3,283,252

16,163,500

24,149,900

2004

1,015,800

37,400

4,867,200

1,810,000

257,500

6,972,100

4,684,700

1,653,500

721,100

5,950,730

3,257,570

16,267,600

24,255,500

2005

1,011,600

37,800

4,830,100

1,888,200

264,200

7,020,300

4,692,500

1,659,100

720,300

6,047,116

3,244,784

16,363,800

24,395,700

2006

1,032,000

37,100

4,879,400

1,912,600

274,900

7,104,000

4,835,300

1,686,400

741,800

6,231,785

3,243,215

16,738,500

24,874,500

2007

1,007,000

36,700

4,914,400

1,972,700

272,600

7,196,400

4,912,300

1,704,900

767,000

6,391,804

3,208,196

16,984,200

25,187,600

2008

986,300

35,800

4,873,900

1,981,000

272,200

7,162,900

4,929,400

1,717,900

770,100

6,484,607

3,204,593

17,106,600

25,255,800

2009

960,400

34,500

4,660,500

1,956,700

272,800

6,924,500

4,832,100

1,698,700

650,000

6,375,903

3,282,997

16,839,700

24,724,600

2010

976,000

33,700

4,481,200

1,928,800

275,900

6,719,600

4,829,000

1,667,000

647,600

6,614,541

3,203,959

16,962,100

24,657,700

(*) Sources and methodology are reported in chapter 7, note 6. The economic classification of sectors is the one adopted by Istat in the population census of 1961, as in Vitali (1970) and Zamagni (1987).

Table A6 Number of full-time equivalent workers (present-day boundaries) (*)

Sector

Agriculture, Forestry, and Fishing

Industry

Services

Total Economy

Mining and Quarrying

Manufacturing

Construction

Public Utilities

Total Industry

Wholesale and Retail Trade, Hotels and Restaurants

Transport, Storage, and Communication

Finance, Insurance, and Real Estate

Community, Social, and Personal Services

Government Services

Total Services

1861

5,339,576

18,474

1,442,496

29,853

2,176

1,492,999

645,697

121,456

6,108

697,573

140,832

1,611,667

8,444,242

1862

5,397,387

19,862

1,425,555

31,021

2,236

1,478,674

655,796

122,018

6,588

701,110

145,555

1,631,068

8,507,129

1863

5,455,199

21,249

1,408,614

32,189

2,296

1,464,349

665,895

125,641

7,069

704,647

150,279

1,653,531

8,573,079

1864

5,513,010

22,637

1,391,674

33,358

2,357

1,450,025

675,995

125,692

7,549

708,184

155,002

1,672,421

8,635,456

1865

5,570,822

24,024

1,374,733

34,526

2,417

1,435,700

686,094

122,138

8,029

711,721

159,725

1,687,707

8,694,228

1866

5,628,633

25,412

1,357,792

35,694

2,477

1,421,375

696,193

134,942

8,509

715,257

164,449

1,719,351

8,769,358

1867

5,686,445

26,800

1,340,851

36,863

2,537

1,407,050

706,292

139,279

8,989

718,794

169,172

1,742,528

8,836,022

1868

5,744,256

28,187

1,323,911

38,031

2,597

1,392,725

716,392

144,507

9,470

722,331

173,895

1,766,595

8,903,576

1869

5,802,067

29,575

1,306,970

39,199

2,657

1,378,400

726,491

147,038

9,950

725,868

178,619

1,787,965

8,968,433

1870

5,859,879

30,962

1,290,029

40,367

2,717

1,364,076

736,590

149,985

10,430

729,405

183,342

1,809,752

9,033,706

1871

5,917,690

30,117

1,273,089

41,536

2,777

1,347,518

746,690

150,289

10,910

732,941

188,065

1,828,896

9,094,105

1872

5,944,368

36,576

1,315,191

46,546

2,853

1,401,167

758,369

158,377

11,901

747,476

194,373

1,870,496

9,216,031

1873

5,971,046

39,853

1,357,294

51,557

2,930

1,451,635

770,048

168,539

12,892

762,011

200,680

1,914,169

9,336,849

1874

5,997,723

37,621

1,399,397

56,568

3,006

1,496,592

781,726

178,914

13,883

776,546

206,988

1,958,057

9,452,372

1875

6,024,401

40,686

1,441,500

61,579

3,083

1,546,848

793,405

188,745

14,873

791,080

213,295

2,001,400

9,572,648

1876

6,051,078

40,155

1,483,603

66,589

3,159

1,593,507

805,084

198,327

15,864

805,615

219,603

2,044,493

9,689,079

1877

6,077,756

42,116

1,525,706

71,600

3,236

1,642,658

816,763

204,241

16,855

820,150

225,910

2,083,919

9,804,333

1878

6,104,434

41,920

1,567,809

76,611

3,312

1,689,652

828,442

211,060

17,846

834,684

232,218

2,124,250

9,918,336

1879

6,131,111

46,605

1,609,912

81,621

3,389

1,741,527

840,121

173,359

18,837

849,219

238,525

2,120,061

9,992,699

1880

6,157,789

45,465

1,652,015

86,632

3,465

1,787,577

851,800

190,768

19,827

863,754

244,833

2,170,982

10,116,348

1881

6,184,467

48,822

1,694,118

91,643

3,541

1,838,124

863,479

198,292

20,818

878,289

251,140

2,212,018

10,234,609

1882

6,187,413

56,341

1,654,248

91,110

4,583

1,806,282

866,680

211,965

21,008

877,267

253,055

2,229,975

10,223,671

1883

6,190,360

56,525

1,982,707

90,578

5,624

2,135,434

869,881

235,923

21,198

876,245

254,970

2,258,217

10,584,011

1884

6,193,307

56,721

1,861,543

90,046

6,665

2,014,975

873,082

247,523

21,388

875,223

256,885

2,274,101

10,482,383

1885

6,196,254

56,050

1,740,419

89,514

7,706

1,893,689

876,283

260,498

21,578

874,202

258,800

2,291,360

10,381,303

1886

6,199,201

53,376

1,619,295

88,981

8,747

1,770,400

879,484

273,473

21,768

873,180

260,715

2,308,620

10,278,220

1887

6,202,148

51,106

1,498,171

88,449

9,788

1,647,514

882,685

286,449

21,958

872,158

262,629

2,325,879

10,175,541

1888

6,205,095

53,420

1,554,223

87,917

10,829

1,706,389

885,886

299,424

22,148

871,137

264,544

2,343,139

10,254,622

1889

6,208,042

53,368

1,753,750

87,385

11,870

1,906,373

889,087

300,577

22,337

870,115

266,459

2,348,576

10,462,990

1890

6,210,988

57,839

1,651,121

86,852

12,911

1,808,723

892,288

304,275

22,527

869,093

268,374

2,356,558

10,376,270

1891

6,213,935

61,822

1,448,840

86,320

13,952

1,610,934

895,489

299,842

22,717

868,072

270,289

2,356,409

10,181,278

1892

6,216,882

62,881

1,309,479

85,788

14,993

1,473,142

898,690

295,410

22,907

867,050

272,204

2,356,261

10,046,285

1893

6,219,829

60,943

1,172,047

85,256

16,034

1,334,280

901,891

290,977

23,097

866,028

274,119

2,356,113

9,910,222

1894

6,222,776

56,550

1,244,648

84,724

17,076

1,402,997

905,092

291,131

23,287

865,007

276,034

2,360,550

9,986,323

1895

6,225,723

49,657

1,320,549

84,191

18,117

1,472,514

908,293

280,996

23,226

863,985

277,949

2,354,449

10,052,686

1896

6,228,670

52,436

1,421,957

83,659

19,158

1,577,210

911,494

290,761

23,820

862,963

279,863

2,368,902

10,174,781

1897

6,231,617

57,992

1,588,106

83,127

20,199

1,749,424

914,696

303,569

27,290

861,941

281,778

2,389,274

10,370,314

1898

6,234,564

64,211

1,575,136

82,595

21,240

1,743,181

917,897

303,704

27,883

860,920

283,693

2,394,097

10,371,842

1899

6,237,510

70,430

1,706,416

82,062

22,281

1,881,189

921,098

305,990

28,051

859,898

285,608

2,400,644

10,519,344

1900

6,240,457

76,649

1,808,666

81,530

23,322

1,990,167

924,299

316,506

28,386

858,876

287,523

2,415,590

10,646,214

1901

6,243,404

82,869

1,847,859

86,320

24,363

2,041,411

927,500

326,472

27,838

857,855

289,438

2,429,102

10,713,917

1902

6,265,339

80,320

1,768,013

88,585

25,475

1,962,393

930,127

334,222

29,569

859,646

292,309

2,445,873

10,673,605

1903

6,287,274

80,432

1,814,557

90,850

26,587

2,012,426

932,755

338,499

32,977

861,438

295,180

2,460,848

10,760,548

1904

6,309,209

80,544

1,861,102

93,115

27,699

2,062,459

935,382

346,448

34,436

863,229

298,051

2,477,547

10,849,215

1905

6,331,144

80,656

1,907,646

95,380

28,811

2,112,492

938,010

354,396

36,711

865,021

300,922

2,495,060

10,938,696

1906

6,353,079

80,768

1,954,190

97,645

29,923

2,162,525

940,637

362,345

38,095

866,813

303,793

2,511,683

11,027,288

1907

6,375,014

80,334

2,041,429

99,909

31,035

2,252,707

943,265

407,878

39,915

868,604

306,664

2,566,327

11,194,048

1908

6,396,949

79,069

2,317,353

102,174

32,147

2,530,743

945,892

444,614

42,352

870,396

309,535

2,612,789

11,540,481

1909

6,418,884

76,726

2,276,387

104,439

33,259

2,490,811

948,520

449,696

44,606

872,187

312,406

2,627,415

11,537,111

1910

6,440,820

75,176

2,239,274

106,704

34,371

2,455,525

951,147

449,083

49,361

873,979

315,277

2,638,848

11,535,192

1911

6,462,755

75,767

2,294,387

108,969

35,483

2,514,606

953,775

448,203

51,149

875,771

318,148

2,647,046

11,624,406

1912

6,570,199

76,242

2,268,064

124,665

36,812

2,505,782

966,063

446,812

50,538

877,173

327,359

2,667,944

11,743,926

1913

6,677,644

77,341

2,428,511

140,361

38,141

2,684,355

978,351

447,344

51,458

878,575

336,570

2,692,297

12,054,295

1914

6,785,088

75,390

2,413,928

156,058

39,470

2,684,845

990,639

455,343

53,347

879,977

345,780

2,725,085

12,195,019

1915

6,892,532

64,606

2,152,524

171,754

40,799

2,429,683

1,002,926

465,742

53,251

881,379

354,991

2,758,288

12,080,503

1916

6,999,977

62,709

2,141,661

187,450

42,128

2,433,948

1,015,214

496,875

52,786

882,781

364,202

2,811,858

12,245,782

1917

7,107,421

68,740

2,213,253

203,146

43,457

2,528,596

1,027,502

500,999

50,655

884,183

373,412

2,836,751

12,472,769

1918

7,214,866

65,747

2,284,844

218,842

44,786

2,614,219

1,039,790

506,228

49,139

885,585

382,623

2,863,365

12,692,451

1919

7,322,310

69,128

2,356,435

234,539

46,115

2,706,216

1,052,078

567,813

54,155

886,987

391,834

2,952,867

12,981,393

1920

7,429,755

84,801

2,428,027

250,235

47,444

2,810,506

1,064,366

622,664

64,913

888,389

401,044

3,041,376

13,281,637

1921

7,537,199

76,584

2,116,350

265,931

48,773

2,507,638

1,076,654

640,560

65,940

889,791

410,255

3,083,199

13,128,036

1922

7,558,031

70,836

2,287,216

281,627

50,102

2,689,781

1,140,554

671,402

69,204

899,374

429,767

3,210,301

13,458,113

1923

7,578,863

75,601

2,269,821

264,979

51,431

2,661,832

1,204,454

602,620

71,361

908,958

449,278

3,236,672

13,477,366

1924

7,599,695

79,402

2,487,484

316,729

52,760

2,936,376

1,268,354

520,499

75,666

918,541

468,790

3,251,850

13,787,921

1925

7,620,527

90,207

2,753,863

337,620

54,089

3,235,779

1,332,254

528,360

79,757

928,125

488,301

3,356,797

14,213,103

1926

7,641,359

92,587

2,792,715

357,242

55,418

3,297,962

1,396,155

519,643

85,248

937,708

507,813

3,446,567

14,385,888

1927

7,662,191

97,099

2,570,014

329,223

56,747

3,053,083

1,460,055

510,160

91,484

947,291

518,360

3,527,350

14,242,624

1928

7,683,023

93,450

2,582,349

400,304

45,773

3,121,875

1,415,336

499,849

91,859

956,875

522,695

3,486,613

14,291,511

1929

7,703,855

98,378

2,627,682

520,902

34,799

3,281,761

1,370,618

490,408

92,783

966,458

514,205

3,434,472

14,420,087

1930

7,724,687

92,858

2,449,110

471,330

40,537

3,053,835

1,325,899

482,791

92,783

976,042

527,769

3,405,283

14,183,805

1931

7,745,519

81,344

2,130,265

429,019

37,034

2,677,661

1,281,180

457,710

92,508

985,625

543,737

3,360,760

13,783,940

1932

7,613,711

75,969

1,842,357

402,459

32,224

2,353,008

1,336,418

433,953

89,985

1,017,939

638,329

3,516,624

13,483,344

1933

7,481,904

74,406

1,838,092

415,426

30,299

2,358,223

1,381,066

417,175

87,986

1,050,253

635,570

3,572,050

13,412,178

1934

7,350,097

80,897

1,924,716

436,310

31,156

2,473,079

1,417,244

409,068

87,037

1,082,567

640,699

3,636,615

13,459,790

1935

7,218,289

90,176

2,254,339

497,931

30,369

2,872,815

1,446,645

404,556

89,385

1,114,881

660,693

3,716,161

13,807,265

1936

7,086,482

100,681

2,351,026

457,148

30,513

2,939,368

1,557,366

401,510

94,083

1,147,195

683,935

3,884,090

13,909,940

1937

7,046,109

121,685

2,611,325

574,595

31,954

3,339,560

1,559,660

397,918

98,780

1,135,322

722,127

3,913,808

14,299,476

1938

7,005,737

133,700

3,255,920

561,710

41,174

3,992,504

1,561,954

416,823

103,478

1,123,448

786,805

3,992,509

14,990,749

1939

6,965,364

132,543

3,270,620

559,429

45,158

4,007,749

1,564,248

415,862

108,175

1,111,575

839,827

4,039,688

15,012,801

1940

6,924,991

131,386

3,285,319

557,148

49,142

4,022,995

1,566,542

421,743

112,873

1,099,702

990,045

4,190,905

15,138,891

1941

6,884,619

130,230

3,300,019

554,866

53,125

4,038,240

1,568,836

435,582

117,570

1,087,828

1,139,374

4,349,191

15,272,050

1942

6,844,246

129,073

3,314,718

552,585

57,109

4,053,486

1,571,130

449,422

122,268

1,075,955

1,293,328

4,512,102

15,409,834

1943

6,803,873

127,916

3,329,418

550,304

61,093

4,068,731

1,573,424

463,261

126,965

1,064,081

1,430,061

4,657,792

15,530,397

1944

6,763,501

126,759

3,344,117

548,023

65,077

4,083,977

1,575,718

477,100

131,663

1,052,208

1,305,002

4,541,690

15,389,168

1945

6,723,128

125,603

3,358,817

545,742

69,061

4,099,222

1,578,012

490,939

136,360

1,040,334

1,179,943

4,425,588

15,247,939

1946

6,682,756

124,446

3,373,516

543,461

73,045

4,114,468

1,580,306

504,778

141,058

1,028,461

1,054,884

4,309,487

15,106,710

1947

6,642,383

123,289

3,388,216

541,180

77,029

4,129,713

1,582,600

518,617

145,755

1,016,588

1,064,650

4,328,209

15,100,305

1948

6,602,010

122,132

3,402,915

538,898

81,012

4,144,959

1,584,894

532,456

150,453

1,004,714

1,074,415

4,346,932

15,093,901

1949

6,561,638

120,976

3,417,615

536,617

84,996

4,160,204

1,587,188

546,295

155,150

992,841

1,089,261

4,370,735

15,092,577

1950

6,521,265

119,819

3,432,314

534,336

88,980

4,175,450

1,589,482

560,134

159,848

980,967

1,074,575

4,365,006

15,061,720

1951

6,480,892

118,662

3,447,014

532,055

92,964

4,190,695

1,591,776

573,973

164,545

969,094

1,097,209

4,396,597

15,068,184

1952

6,419,634

117,599

3,507,728

642,015

96,007

4,363,349

1,699,020

587,450

164,672

998,861

1,163,658

4,613,661

15,396,645

1953

6,356,680

115,874

3,612,270

767,444

98,731

4,594,319

1,798,664

600,203

171,379

1,028,311

1,227,924

4,826,481

15,777,480

1954

6,331,345

115,903

3,765,327

864,187

103,242

4,848,659

1,916,141

614,031

176,026

1,058,201

1,287,500

5,051,899

16,231,902

1955

6,167,263

114,001

3,831,513

951,575

106,357

5,003,446

2,031,365

641,869

180,519

1,091,764

1,352,366

5,297,883

16,468,593

1956

6,029,329

110,013

4,007,146

982,788

107,710

5,207,657

2,180,072

654,391

187,809

1,145,097

1,414,506

5,581,874

16,818,860

1957

5,830,010

107,111

4,191,701

1,048,089

110,295

5,457,196

2,320,266

677,028

194,105

1,201,444

1,488,729

5,881,572

17,168,777

1958

5,778,456

102,023

4,243,293

1,109,587

110,757

5,565,660

2,430,337

686,753

201,749

1,265,895

1,546,147

6,130,882

17,474,998

1959

5,746,385

98,132

4,338,092

1,172,241

112,614

5,721,079

2,482,618

699,397

203,699

1,265,584

1,617,992

6,269,290

17,736,753

1960

5,618,578

96,456

4,477,977

1,296,616

117,356

5,988,404

2,557,999

746,753

214,916

1,261,414

1,718,258

6,499,340

18,106,321

1961

5,351,478

92,595

4,637,108

1,436,683

119,839

6,286,225

2,654,004

801,191

217,215

1,253,638

1,804,418

6,730,467

18,368,170

1962

5,213,085

88,222

4,739,886

1,561,972

121,911

6,511,990

2,700,604

830,714

222,327

1,160,209

1,909,002

6,822,857

18,547,931

1963

4,818,471

83,617

4,871,167

1,676,167

123,895

6,754,845

2,755,067

861,577

230,408

1,082,217

2,004,385

6,933,654

18,506,970

1964

4,656,816

79,126

4,892,406

1,756,347

126,323

6,854,202

2,850,147

875,749

233,111

1,198,518

2,096,161

7,253,686

18,764,704

1965

4,618,681

74,831

4,834,167

1,688,426

129,443

6,726,866

2,856,609

895,331

231,968

1,095,795

2,182,624

7,262,327

18,607,874

1966

4,420,910

70,583

4,850,519

1,681,050

133,162

6,735,314

2,886,685

907,359

233,165

1,135,772

2,278,519

7,441,500

18,597,723

1967

4,394,577

66,599

5,015,302

1,759,413

138,103

6,979,417

2,994,920

917,072

231,782

1,198,914

2,380,847

7,723,535

19,097,529

1968

4,120,993

61,924

5,140,928

1,824,986

142,462

7,170,300

3,074,824

921,129

235,962

1,288,208

2,487,564

8,007,687

19,298,980

1969

3,975,651

56,382

5,282,564

1,930,812

145,568

7,415,325

3,207,225

936,537

236,996

1,313,134

2,596,029

8,289,921

19,680,897

1970

3,725,700

50,800

5,458,800

1,968,300

146,400

7,624,300

3,307,700

954,100

238,000

1,388,445

2,710,855

8,599,100

19,949,100

1971

3,708,900

50,800

5,540,300

1,860,700

150,500

7,602,300

3,192,800

962,800

243,200

1,373,708

2,844,092

8,616,600

19,927,800

1972

3,413,100

51,300

5,442,500

1,854,800

145,800

7,494,400

3,327,000

988,400

253,900

1,408,105

2,931,195

8,908,600

19,816,100

1973

3,355,700

52,800

5,594,100

1,850,600

147,900

7,645,400

3,418,400

1,038,300

272,000

1,498,905

3,014,095

9,241,700

20,242,800

1974

3,285,900

54,700

5,779,300

1,812,000

149,200

7,795,200

3,559,100

1,078,000

294,000

1,575,162

3,058,538

9,564,800

20,645,900

1975

3,160,900

55,700

5,758,000

1,748,900

149,900

7,712,500

3,660,300

1,107,400

315,300

1,619,934

3,092,566

9,795,500

20,668,900

1976

3,156,700

56,600

5,820,700

1,667,900

150,700

7,695,900

3,775,500

1,149,800

343,400

1,688,038

3,179,662

10,136,400

20,989,000

1977

3,043,600

58,600

5,953,400

1,660,700

152,500

7,825,200

3,800,200

1,169,000

364,700

1,731,818

3,266,782

10,332,500

21,201,300

1978

3,044,700

59,400

5,926,800

1,625,900

154,200

7,766,300

3,823,300

1,195,600

399,200

1,820,205

3,265,995

10,504,300

21,315,300

1979

2,995,000

61,400

6,034,400

1,611,700

153,900

7,861,400

3,930,800

1,226,900

431,500

1,909,684

3,285,516

10,784,400

21,640,800

1980

2,942,800

62,900

6,132,300

1,700,000

155,400

8,050,600

4,038,700

1,252,500

458,900

2,032,436

3,285,464

11,068,000

22,061,400

1981

2,795,500

64,000

5,927,700

1,724,500

157,500

7,873,700

4,141,000

1,297,900

484,900

2,150,514

3,315,486

11,389,800

22,059,000

1982

2,635,900

65,800

5,797,300

1,722,900

156,500

7,742,500

4,290,100

1,341,400

514,300

2,332,898

3,324,702

11,803,400

22,181,800

1983

2,666,700

60,900

5,594,000

1,711,200

157,400

7,523,500

4,402,700

1,369,900

528,800

2,503,277

3,332,123

12,136,800

22,327,000

1984

2,574,800

56,300

5,360,600

1,608,200

162,000

7,187,100

4,583,300

1,366,500

555,200

2,742,929

3,404,771

12,652,700

22,414,600

1985

2,440,600

53,500

5,307,900

1,592,300

166,500

7,120,200

4,632,900

1,373,100

572,700

3,034,604

3,441,696

13,055,000

22,615,800

1986

2,392,000

55,600

5,299,600

1,574,200

171,500

7,100,900

4,684,900

1,411,000

575,100

3,173,740

3,473,160

13,317,900

22,810,800

1987

2,318,100

56,800

5,264,400

1,560,200

175,600

7,057,000

4,760,000

1,427,300

574,000

3,264,272

3,527,928

13,553,500

22,928,600

1988

2,189,300

57,900

5,372,800

1,550,200

176,900

7,157,800

4,762,000

1,443,600

578,200

3,448,833

3,590,967

13,823,600

23,170,700

1989

2,069,400

58,700

5,436,100

1,533,700

178,900

7,207,400

4,717,600

1,458,500

591,600

3,587,123

3,616,077

13,970,900

23,247,700

1990

2,018,700

56,700

5,472,800

1,561,800

182,500

7,273,800

4,742,200

1,440,300

597,000

3,758,134

3,647,166

14,184,800

23,477,300

1991

1,994,600

51,100

5,377,400

1,611,500

184,200

7,224,200

4,796,600

1,432,800

610,000

3,924,531

3,682,669

14,446,600

23,665,400

1992

1,948,900

44,000

5,009,000

1,670,700

268,400

6,992,100

4,745,400

1,712,400

722,900

4,025,880

3,329,320

14,535,900

23,476,900

1993

1,799,300

41,600

4,783,500

1,622,400

261,200

6,708,700

4,598,400

1,686,700

711,200

3,911,386

3,320,714

14,228,400

22,736,400

1994

1,732,900

38,900

4,764,700

1,576,600

256,700

6,636,900

4,551,700

1,679,700

705,400

3,883,589

3,305,211

14,125,600

22,495,400

1995

1,690,500

38,100

4,797,300

1,552,000

251,400

6,638,800

4,513,000

1,647,800

702,100

4,003,993

3,291,507

14,158,400

22,487,700

1996

1,640,600

36,600

4,727,900

1,541,000

254,200

6,559,700

4,515,500

1,709,600

694,800

4,174,971

3,268,329

14,363,200

22,563,500

1997

1,617,100

36,600

4,727,800

1,568,900

248,800

6,582,100

4,502,500

1,731,400

691,900

4,301,439

3,234,561

14,461,800

22,661,000

1998

1,570,800

37,100

4,813,200

1,547,200

249,700

6,647,200

4,564,700

1,773,600

698,700

4,382,575

3,232,525

14,652,100

22,870,100

1999

1,499,600

37,100

4,767,200

1,584,300

252,100

6,640,700

4,589,400

1,830,800

697,000

4,508,485

3,228,715

14,854,400

22,994,700

2000

1,483,800

36,200

4,752,800

1,635,600

255,900

6,680,500

4,726,900

1,885,300

697,900

4,719,661

3,217,639

15,247,400

23,411,700

2001

1,497,900

36,100

4,726,300

1,733,100

254,600

6,750,100

4,812,000

1,937,500

709,700

4,873,857

3,246,943

15,580,000

23,828,000

2002

1,449,700

39,800

4,753,200

1,770,000

256,300

6,819,300

4,890,800

1,976,600

721,000

5,012,950

3,261,950

15,863,300

24,132,300

2003

1,381,800

37,700

4,758,200

1,821,000

253,900

6,870,800

4,987,000

1,981,400

726,400

5,102,656

3,232,844

16,030,300

24,282,900

2004

1,381,000

36,600

4,713,300

1,849,900

252,100

6,851,900

5,009,400

1,965,000

737,100

5,229,165

3,199,435

16,140,100

24,373,000

2005

1,338,400

36,900

4,657,900

1,922,800

258,000

6,875,600

4,985,900

1,985,500

731,600

5,318,381

3,176,219

16,197,600

24,411,600

2006

1,354,200

36,200

4,708,100

1,945,800

268,300

6,958,400

5,062,400

2,033,500

756,800

5,454,375

3,169,025

16,476,100

24,788,700

2007

1,313,900

35,600

4,750,100

2,003,900

265,700

7,055,300

5,077,200

2,059,300

785,200

5,604,865

3,130,635

16,657,200

25,026,400

2008

1,287,100

34,900

4,682,900

2,005,600

265,100

6,988,500

5,048,100

2,071,300

787,600

5,637,271

3,118,629

16,662,900

24,938,500

2009

1,254,000

33,300

4,236,600

1,978,700

264,900

6,513,500

4,940,100

2,035,600

779,800

5,509,673

3,190,227

16,455,400

24,222,900

2010

1,274,200

32,600

4,081,600

1,957,000

267,800

6,339,000

4,929,700

2,011,100

783,000

5,592,394

3,117,906

16,434,100

24,047,300

(*) Sources and methodology are reported in chapter 7, note 6. The number of full-time equivalent workers is a standard measurement unit of the amount of work supplied by workers, obtained by converting part-time and temporary jobs into full-time equivalents.

The economic classification of sectors is the one adopted by Istat in the population census of 1961.

Table A7 Net capital stock in the total economy (million euros, constant 2010 prices) (*)

Plants, Machinery, and Equipment

Means of Transport

Construction

Housing

Nonhousing

Total Construction

Total Capital Stock (**)

Total Capital Stock Net of Housing (**)

1861

3,417

652

20,617

67,253

90,211

72,346

47,571

1862

3,451

659

21,110

68,044

91,496

73,310

48,113

1863

3,490

667

21,438

69,053

92,872

74,365

48,795

1864

3,600

695

21,866

69,858

94,114

75,602

49,576

1865

3,817

748

22,100

70,753

95,285

77,193

50,715

1866

4,038

802

22,098

70,938

95,478

78,175

51,477

1867

4,265

856

22,106

70,547

95,057

78,700

51,883

1868

4,492

908

22,014

70,177

94,571

79,134

52,262

1869

4,691

951

22,061

69,764

94,159

79,502

52,529

1870

4,938

1,005

22,029

69,610

93,960

80,227

53,108

1871

5,388

1,109

22,151

69,429

93,866

81,803

54,283

1872

6,015

1,257

22,320

69,597

94,191

84,075

55,987

1873

6,706

1,416

22,717

69,957

94,924

86,739

57,898

1874

7,572

1,617

23,349

70,536

96,100

90,343

60,441

1875

8,281

1,771

23,668

70,711

96,563

92,969

62,354

1876

8,894

1,896

23,962

70,869

96,985

95,301

64,048

1877

9,409

1,992

24,230

70,989

97,344

97,289

65,481

1878

9,940

2,091

24,457

71,198

97,763

99,362

66,998

1879

10,301

2,142

24,660

71,594

98,364

100,923

68,128

1880

10,818

2,233

24,909

72,248

99,285

103,239

69,834

1881

11,303

2,313

25,296

72,992

100,423

105,555

71,480

1882

11,738

2,379

25,876

74,180

102,211

108,123

73,236

1883

12,106

2,428

26,458

75,901

104,578

110,861

75,126

1884

12,509

2,488

27,111

77,804

107,204

113,896

77,217

1885

12,746

2,508

27,932

79,688

109,956

116,471

78,864

1886

13,283

2,611

28,735

81,543

112,661

120,039

81,304

1887

13,647

2,673

29,211

83,663

115,366

123,030

83,445

1888

14,505

2,868

29,343

86,002

118,007

127,636

87,026

1889

14,921

2,950

29,480

87,816

120,084

130,374

89,132

1890

15,055

2,960

29,906

89,398

122,162

132,191

90,367

1891

15,047

2,935

30,493

90,817

124,203

133,513

91,134

1892

14,901

2,876

30,985

92,158

126,078

134,280

91,506

1893

14,755

2,818

31,676

93,175

127,774

134,934

91,693

1894

14,816

2,816

32,337

94,264

129,523

136,290

92,453

1895

14,955

2,836

32,880

94,193

129,910

136,992

92,755

1896

15,277

2,903

33,434

93,786

129,942

138,093

93,366

1897

15,723

3,003

33,975

93,409

129,995

139,653

94,345

1898

16,225

3,117

34,491

92,949

129,936

141,342

95,438

1899

16,886

3,274

34,979

92,505

129,871

143,625

97,010

1900

17,688

3,467

35,520

92,279

130,086

146,632

99,128

1901

18,900

3,766

36,235

92,256

130,674

151,388

102,539

1902

20,195

4,081

37,228

92,662

131,969

156,887

106,408

1903

21,475

4,385

38,524

93,239

133,715

162,497

110,230

1904

23,194

4,792

40,103

94,039

135,949

169,911

115,342

1905

25,931

5,445

41,886

95,213

138,766

181,274

123,471

1906

29,186

6,210

43,485

96,823

141,892

194,806

133,377

1907

31,957

6,824

45,199

98,813

145,531

206,919

142,111

1908

33,997

7,228

47,089

101,427

149,998

216,858

149,063

1909

35,543

7,490

49,345

104,979

155,801

225,854

155,114

1910

36,764

7,658

52,129

109,511

163,126

234,680

160,781

1911

37,362

7,660

54,684

114,148

170,363

241,285

164,796

1912

37,044

7,427

57,136

118,557

177,259

244,472

166,162

1913

36,563

7,161

59,490

122,768

183,854

246,995

167,037

1914

36,089

6,910

62,060

127,328

191,010

249,996

168,184

1915

34,260

6,326

62,532

129,790

194,136

245,549

164,481

1916

31,343

5,491

61,553

129,499

193,013

234,084

155,965

1917

28,512

4,721

60,437

127,777

190,177

221,543

146,705

1918

25,554

3,967

59,306

125,753

186,991

208,679

137,184

1919

22,902

3,344

58,721

125,400

186,113

199,405

130,155

1920

20,760

2,902

58,201

125,262

185,529

192,350

124,828

1921

19,162

2,641

58,070

126,291

186,563

188,529

121,861

1922

18,483

2,645

59,095

129,464

190,924

190,028

122,560

1923

18,464

2,833

61,196

133,334

196,926

194,560

125,178

1924

18,133

2,939

64,456

136,691

203,275

198,036

126,499

1925

18,061

3,103

68,242

138,996

208,865

202,012

127,987

1926

18,397

3,354

71,645

141,794

214,698

207,662

130,890

1927

19,206

3,699

73,997

144,903

220,037

214,560

135,250

1928

20,112

4,031

76,303

147,722

225,013

221,359

139,554

1929

21,177

4,361

81,263

152,047

233,794

231,281

145,033

1930

22,112

4,611

87,501

158,075

245,504

242,738

151,124

1931

23,138

4,842

93,066

163,635

256,147

253,552

157,047

1932

25,063

5,268

97,830

169,409

266,385

266,807

165,307

1933

27,087

5,688

102,549

176,622

278,198

281,355

174,614

1934

28,655

5,971

109,182

183,450

291,105

295,243

182,538

1935

30,823

6,400

118,812

189,946

306,030

312,349

191,715

1936

34,594

7,241

127,618

195,205

318,904

333,207

204,127

1937

36,155

7,501

132,484

198,193

326,076

343,058

209,684

1938

38,358

7,932

135,583

200,055

330,570

353,167

216,212

1939

41,333

8,562

138,265

203,387

336,377

366,882

225,712

1940

42,974

8,842

139,271

206,894

341,039

375,192

231,753

1941

44,200

9,013

138,888

209,098

343,128

380,354

235,945

1942

43,264

8,652

137,056

208,266

340,633

375,264

232,776

1943

43,703

8,679

133,608

204,146

333,137

371,364

231,233

1944

47,160

9,487

129,954

199,276

324,636

375,608

236,249

1945

51,247

10,419

127,453

196,741

319,696

380,615

243,102

1946

55,604

11,374

128,229

202,627

326,846

395,708

256,908

1947

57,022

11,562

128,161

209,860

334,831

404,438

264,617

1948

57,409

11,494

129,374

216,052

342,671

410,716

269,208

1949

57,984

11,492

131,743

222,575

351,805

418,553

274,406

1950

62,013

12,399

136,842

229,599

363,681

438,686

288,351

1951

66,107

13,316

143,148

238,388

378,496

461,167

303,551

1952

70,488

14,092

151,613

249,397

397,689

487,217

320,457

1953

75,320

15,180

162,482

263,070

421,940

518,714

340,498

1954

80,865

16,386

176,212

278,361

450,712

555,368

363,139

1955

87,366

17,538

193,996

296,150

486,079

599,030

389,074

1956

93,707

18,840

214,148

313,351

523,309

644,016

414,550

1957

99,874

19,959

237,790

333,150

566,654