- The Oxford Handbook of Identity Development
- About the Editors
- The Field of Identity Development Needs an Identity: An Introduction to The Oxford Handbook of Identity Development
- Theoretical Foundations of Identity
- Gendered Narrative Voices: Sociocultural and Feminist Approaches to Emerging Identity in Childhood and Adolescence
- Identity Development from Adolescence to Emerging Adulthood: What We Know and (Especially) Don’t Know
- Identity Development Through Adulthood: The Move Toward “Wholeness”
- Three Strands of Identity Development Across the Human Life Course: Reading Erik Erikson in Full
- The Identity Statuses: Strengths of a Person-Centered Approach
- Commitment and Exploration: The Need for a Developmental Approach
- Identity Status: On Refinding the People
- Autobiographical Reasoning is Constitutive for Narrative Identity: The Role of the Life Story for Personal Continuity
- Autobiographical Reasoning and My Discontent: Alternative Paths from Narrative to Identity
- Discerning Oneself: A Plea for the Whole
- Identity as Internal Processes: How the “I” Comes to Define the “Me”
- Identities as an Interactional Process
- Integrating “Internal,” “Interactional,” and “External” Perspectives: Identity Process as the Formulation of Accountable Claims Regarding Selves
- Culture as Race/Ethnicity
- “[T]hey Say Black Men Won’t Make It, But I Know I’m Gonna Make It”: Ethnic and Racial Identity Development in the Context of Cultural Stereotypes
- Reflections on the Cultural Lenses of Identity Development
- Identities, Cultures, and Schooling: How Students Navigate Racial-Ethnic, Indigenous, Immigrant, Social Class, and Gender Identities on Their Pathways Through School
- Transformation, Erosion, or Disparity in Work Identity?: Challenges During the Contemporary Transition to Adulthood
- Identity and Positive Youth Development: Advances in Developmental Intervention Science
- A Translational Research Approach to Narrative Identity in Psychotherapy
- Youths’ Constructions of Meanings About Experiences with Political Conflict: Implications for Processes of Identity Development
- Puberty, Identity, and Context: A Biopsychosocial Perspective on Internalizing Psychopathology in Early Adolescent Girls
- Body Image and Identity: A Call for New Research
- Cultural Neuroscience of Identity Development
- Parenting, Adolescent–Parent Relationships, and Social Domain Theory: Implications for Identity Development
- Who Am I If We’re Not Us? Divorce and Identity Across the Lifespan
- Identity Development in the Context of the Risk and Resilience Framework
- The Dynamic Role of Identity Processes in Personality Development: Theories, Patterns, and New Directions
- Identity Development in the Digital Age: The Case of Social Networking Sites
- Identity Formation Research from a Critical Perspective: Is a Social Science Developing?
- What Have We Learned Since Schwartz (2001)?: A Reappraisal of the Field of Identity Development
- The Future of Identity Development Research: Reflections, Tensions, and Challenges
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter presents a preliminary theoretical framework broadly integrating discursive-interactional and ego-identity perspectives. Identity process is conceptualized as involving discursive claims made about selves, geared toward eliciting affirmation for pragmatic use and formulated to be accountable. Claiming processes can take place internally (reflexively in thought); interactionally (in talk); and externally (between others). Based on Mead and Vygotsky, internal identity processes are described as emergent from and modeled after interactional identity processes, yet they operate somewhat autonomously and develop across the lifespan. Characterizing identity processes as claims made to be affirmed can alert researchers to the diverse criteria employed by participants in multiple, often overlapping contexts in the evaluation of self-made and interactionally performed claims, the result of which feed into subsequent iterations of identity formation. The chapter shows how such a perspective is consonant with classical Eriksonian theory. A brief empirical vignette is described and analyzed to demonstrate this approach.
Elli P. Schachter is a lecturer at the School of Education, Bar Ilan University, Israel.
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