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date: 08 March 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Individual differences in identity development are examined through the lenses of the risk and resilience framework. Identity development is considered a core developmental task in adolescence and emerging adulthood that influences the subsequent quality of adaptation with respect to other developmental tasks, psychological well-being, and mental health. This chapter defines positive identity development, identifies contextual- and individual-level risks and resources that can account for positive identity development, and examines whether and how positive identity outcomes predict future adaptation and mental health. The identity development literature contributes to the risk and resilience framework by offering a basis on which to define positive identity outcomes, processes, and trajectories and by providing a detailed description of identity trajectories. The risk and resilience literature allows a developmental, contextualized, process-oriented, and dynamic approach to describing and explaining positive identity trajectories, thus complementing identity development literature and providing a more complete description of interindividual differences in intraindividual identity development.

Keywords: Identity development, risk, resilience, protective factors, status approach, narrative approach

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