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date: 05 March 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter develops a sociocultural and feminist theoretical framework for exploring the process of constructing a gendered narrative identity within family reminiscing from preschool through adolescence. Families that engage in more elaborated and emotionally expressive reminiscing have children who provide more elaborated and emotionally expressive narratives of self across development. Moreover, mothers are more elaborative and emotionally expressive when reminiscing than fathers, and parents are more elaborative and emotionally expressive when reminiscing with daughters than sons. Increasingly across development, girls provide more elaborative and emotionally expressive personal narratives than boys. Gender is also expressed in models of narrative identity, such as the intergenerational stories that parents tell their children about their own childhoods. Intergenerational narratives about mothers are more elaborative and emotionally expressive than those about fathers. Intriguingly, relations between personal and intergenerational narratives and emerging self-concept and identity suggest that girls are situating their identity within family stories more so than boys.

Keywords: Autobiographical memory, narrative, gender, reminiscing, self, identity, sociocultural theory, feminist theory, intergenerational narratives

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