- The Oxford Handbook of Faust in Music
- Musical Examples
- Selected Settings from “Auerbachs Keller”
- Musical Remembering in Schubert’s <i>Faust</i> Settings
- Berlioz, <i>Faust</i>, and the Gothic
- Schumann’s Struggle with Goethe’s <i>Faust</i>
- Ideas of Redemption and the Total Artwork in Wagner’s Encounters with <i>Faust</i>
- Liszt’s Faust Complexes
- Gounodian <i>Faust</i>s by Pablo de Sarasate, Joan Baptista Pujol, and Felip Pedrell i Sabaté
- Mahler’s Eighth and the Faust Symphonic Tradition
- Hanns Eisler and <i>Faust</i> in the German Democratic Republic
- The Paradoxical Faust Cantatas of Adrian Leverkühn and Alfred Schnittke
- Louis Spohr’s Tragic <i>Faust</i>
- The Genesis, Transformations, Sources, and Style of Gounod’s <i>Faust</i>
- <i>Mefistofele</i> Triumphant—From the Ideal to the Real
- Extending the Reach of Ferruccio Busoni’s <i>Doktor Faust</i>
- The Faustian and Mephistophelean Worlds in Stravinsky’s <i>The Rake’s Progress</i>
- Havergal Brian’s Gothic Opera <i>Faust</i>
- The Serial Concept in Pousseur’s <i>Votre Faust</i>
- Reflections of the Contemporary Schizophrenia in Josef Berg’s Two Versions of <i>Johanes doktor Faust</i>
- History and Faust in <i>Doctor Atomic</i>
- Pascal Dusapin’s New Lyrical Style in <i>Faustus, the Last Night</i>
- Faust Goes Dancing
- Heinrich Heine’s <i>Faust</i> Ballet Scenario, 1846–1948
- The American Musical and the Faustian Bargain
- Faust Rocks the Stage (Not)
- Helen Gifford’s Marlovian <i>Regarding Faustus</i>
Abstract and Keywords
Beginning with Charles Gounod’s lifelong interest in Goethe’s Faust, this chapter explores the genesis of the composer’s collaboration with his librettists Jules Barbier and Michel Carré and the circumstances leading to the opera Faust’s 1859 premiere at the Théâtre-Lyrique. It discusses the opera’s transformation from a semi-character opéra-comique-type work with spoken dialogue to a full-fledged through-composed opera, with various additions and changes that make it difficult to speak of a “definitive” version. The libretto, while indebted to the French melodrama tradition, shows that the authors were eager to remain as faithful to Goethe as the nature and conventions of the genre allowed. The result is an admittedly hybrid work, where both Faust and Mephistopheles inevitably emerge as somewhat trivialized, while secondary characters are vividly portrayed and the figure of Marguerite transmutes as the emotional core, which makes her, vocally and dramatically, one of the memorable figures in nineteenth-century opera.
Vincent Giroud is Professor of English and Comparative Literature at the University of Franche-Comté in Besançon. His recent publications include Picasso and Gertrude Stein (Metropolitan Museum of Art and Yale, 2007), French Opera: A Short History (Yale, 2010), Massenet aujourd’hui: héritage et postérité, co-edited by Jean-Christophe Branger (PUSE, 2014), and Nicolas Nabokov: A Life in Freedom and Music (Oxford, 2015). He is a contributor to The Oxford Handbook of Opera (2014).
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