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date: 26 June 2022

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter introduces multidimensional scaling (MDS) as a psychological and educational research tool. Using examples that are more familiar to psychological and educational researchers, I describe the major types of MDS models and their applications. Because the focus of the chapter is applied orientation, the presentation of materials is less technical. The chapter covers four types of MDS models: metric, nonmetric, individual differences, and preference. For individual differences models and preference models, there are both metric and nonmetric models. An example for each type of model is presented so that the reader may get a flavor of what research questions can be addressed. In addition, some main differences between MDS analysis, factor analysis, and cluster analysis are discussed. The chapter ends with some issues that need to be addressed in the future.

Keywords: multidimensional scaling, latent group configuration, individual differences and preferences

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