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date: 18 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The development of tests used for high-stakes purposes requires an understanding of measurement theory and the appropriate use of a variety of techniques. This chapter assumes the reader already has an understanding of test theory but not necessarily any experience developing tests. The substance of the chapter starts with the two major approaches to score interpretation used in testing—norm referenced and criterion referenced—and discusses the test development implications of either. A variety of quantitative methods used to develop high-stakes tests are described, and some others, beyond the scope of this chapter, are referenced.

Keywords: Criterion referenced, differential item functioning, norm referenced, psychometric formulae, reliability, test construction, test development

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