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date: 18 September 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The statistics course comes as close to ubiquity in the psychology curriculum as any course offered. Psychologists recognize it as a fundamental and important class because its purpose is to help students begin to think as empirical psychologists. In this chapter, we approach the discussion of the statistics course as one involving critical thinking about ideas rather than simply number crunching. The statistics course will be most beneficial for students if they learn that statistics are a tool for addressing the questions that interest them and if they learn how to maximize what they get from a set of research results. In the end, students should recognize the strengths and limitations of the numbers they encounter and appreciate those numbers as tools for understanding what drew them to psychology in the first place.

Keywords: critical thinking, correlational research, experimental research, hypothesis testing, measurement, statistics

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