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date: 28 March 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Where was the cult dedicated to the kings buried in the Valley of the Kings performed? Usually the “Houses of Millions of Years” in Western Thebes are interpreted as “funerary” or “memorial” temples, with their cult focused upon the deceased kings. This chapter scrutinizes this view by analyzing the royal temples at Western Thebes in terms of designation, layout, architecture, iconographic program, temple theology, priesthood, and royal cult and by putting them in relation to the temples of millions of years elsewhere in Egypt and Nubia. It is argued that the cult for the dead king performed in these sanctuaries was basically a continuation of the cult for the divine ruler, which focused on the regular regeneration of the divine kingship in analogy to the renewal of the gods in order to maintain the cosmic order.

Keywords: temple, temple architecture, temple designation, House of Millions of Years, royal cult, royal temple, divine kingship, regeneration

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