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date: 30 March 2020

Abstract and Keywords

The New Kingdom royal sepulchers in the Valley of Kings and the Valley of Queens were hewed and decorated by employees of a special institution or building enterprise named “The Place of Truth” or “the Tomb.” The necropolis workmen (artisans) had their living quarters in a village on the edge of the desert in Western Thebes now known as Deir el-Medina. The archaeological remains of this village—its houses, tombs, and local shrines—are complemented by thousands of texts on papyri and ostraca documenting the lives and activities of the inhabitants. These documents provide detailed information on the organization, administration, and history of their enterprise, the nature of their work, their living conditions, and both official and private affairs.

Keywords: artisans, Deir el-Medina, donkeys, guard posts, hut, necropolis workmen, ostracon, papyrus, settlement, village

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