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date: 23 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Before the late eighteenth century, little was known of the tombs in the Valley of the Kings. The arrival of Napoleon’s troops in Egypt in 1798 and Champollion’s decoding of the hieroglyphic script in 1822 made Egyptology both accessible and popular in the West. Excavation at that time was unregulated, and the enterprising Belzoni made a series of valuable discoveries in the valley, including the beautifully decorated tomb of Seti I. By the later nineteenth century it was recognized that Egypt’s monuments were a finite resource, and in 1858 the National Antiquities Service was established, with Mariette as its director. On March 9, 1898, Loret discovered the cache tomb of Amenhetep II. In 1907 Davis discovered the Amarna cache tomb, KV 55. The final major discovery was made in 1922, Carter and Carnarvon’s discovery of KV 62, the virtually undisturbed tomb of Tutankhamun.

Keywords: Napoleon, Belzoni, Seti I, Mariette, Loret, Amenhetep II, Davis, KV 55, Carter, Tutankhamun

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