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date: 04 April 2020

Abstract and Keywords

The royal cemetery’s isolation in the Valley of the Kings in the early Eighteenth Dynasty provided extra protection for the kings’ tombs. Restricting access to the tombs was largely effective in deterring robberies there, except for thefts that probably occurred during periods of political turmoil. The reburials of royal mummies and extensive clearances of the royal tombs at the end of the late Twentieth Dynasty and into the Third Intermediate period make it difficult to gauge how much any tombs were plundered in antiquity. A small group of burials in the Eighteenth Dynasty provide us with the best information about the intrusions other tombs probably suffered. The robbers focused largely on items such as glass, metal, perfumes, small pieces of jewelry, and similar goods. Most thefts probably occurred shortly after the burials, perhaps committed by the workers. The Great Tomb Robbery papyri were mostly about thefts outside the KV.

Keywords: Valley of the Kings, tomb robberies, tomb robbery papyri, royal reburials, Tutankhamun, Yuya and Tjuyu, Amenhotep III, Thutmose IV, Ramesses IX, Ramesses XI

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