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date: 05 April 2020

Abstract and Keywords

For more than a century, the biomedical sciences have provided Egyptology with powerful tools for the analysis of human remains. Many of these have been adopted rapidly, with medical imaging being particularly popular and widely used. More recently, the analysis of ancient DNA for evidence of infectious diseases such as tuberculosis, malaria, and schistosomiasis has added a new dimension to palaeopathological studies of ancient Egypt, but the results must be carefully interpreted. Both radiology and genetics have played vital roles in recent, high-profile studies of a number of royal mummies, with their facial reconstruction allowing us to go beyond the statues and other depictions to see their real faces. Other methods common in biomedical science have been somewhat overlooked, but histology and immunohistochemistry both have great potential in supporting the more common techniques.

Keywords: radiology, ancient DNA, histology, immunohistochemistry, facial reconstruction, palaeopathology

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