Abstract and Keywords
The earliest known New Kingdom royal canopic is the chest of Hatshepsut, followed by that of Thutmose I, made for him by Thutmose III. These chests were made of quartzite, matching their sarcophagi, and were intended to contain four canopic jars. However, a wholly new design appeared under Amenhotep II, made of calcite and with its “jars” integral with the box itself, which was adorned with the protective goddesses around its corners. This form of chest continued until at least the latter part of the Nineteenth Dynasty, but by the reign of Ramesses IV separate jars were once again employed, under Ramesses VII placed in cuttings at the sides of the sarcophagus. No further canopic royal equipment is known until the Twenty-first Dynasty.
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