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date: 24 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Until the New Kingdom, royal cemeteries were located at the edge of the Nile Valley and included the king’s funerary temple and other major structures. This tradition ended in the early Eighteenth Dynasty with the establishment of a new dynastic burial ground in a valley hidden behind the desert cliffs that is now known as the Valley of the Kings. The king’s funerary temple was still located at the edge of the cultivated land, and this separation of tomb and temple marks a major rethinking of the royal funerary complex. In particular, there seems to have been a new understanding of the royal sepulcher, which, beginning with the first royal tombs in the Valley of the Kings, was decorated with funerary texts known as the Amduat, and the Litany of Re. In the these tombs, the funerary texts and the king’s sarcophagus were consciously integrated into the architecture of the tomb. Over several generations, corridors, chambers, and wooden doors were added along the axis of the tomb and these additions probably indicate an evolution in the Egyptians’ understanding of the king’s journey to the next world.

Keywords: Amduat, door, foundation deposit, hidden chamber, Litany of Re, pyramid, sarcophagus

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