Abstract and Keywords
This chapter looks at popular and academic images (descriptions and literary and visual representations) of African American Islam from 1915 to 1945. This time period is important because it is capped by two milestone events that influenced African American Muslim communities: the first, in 1915, was the beginning of the Great Migration and urbanization in black America, and the second, 1945, marked the end of World War II and the beginning of a powerful era in the African American civil rights movement. The chapter also examines the construction of African diasporic identities in the Moorish Science Temple of America, the Ahmadiyya movement in Islam, the Islamic Mission of America, and the Nation of Islam, as well as the impact of Marcus Garvey’s Universal Negro Improvement Association and the scholarship on African retentions in slavery as well as that on images of African American Islam.
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