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date: 12 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Issues related to leadership theory, research, and practices within the field of industrial/organizational (I/O) psychology are examined. Several special circumstances with regard to leadership are first considered, including the varied domains in which leadership is relevant, its multilevel nature, the multiple sources of origin for leadership, and the multiple outcomes in terms of leader emergence and effectiveness. Various leadership theories and frameworks are reviewed, organized around classical theories (evolutionary, trait, behavior, and contingency), bridging theories (charismatic/transformational, leader-member exchange, and leadership perceptions), and emerging approaches (team, shared, and capacity approaches). Future directions in terms of leadership theory, research, and practice are proposed, concluding with a summary of what I/O psychologists know about leadership and speculation as to what has yet to be learned.

Keywords: Leadership, evolution, traits, behaviors, contingency, charisma, transformational, leader-member exchange, leadership perceptions, shared leadership

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