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date: 19 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Despite the fact that many more animals and much more suffering occurs in confinement agriculture than in animal research, societal ethics focused first on research. As a result of scientific ideology, the research community did not discuss the ethics of animal research. The numerous uses of animals in research raise many moral questions, particularly regarding how they can be morally justified. Various arguments defending animal research appear to be flawed. Benefits of animal research, for example, do not justify the research that is not beneficial. In addition, animals do not receive the best treatment possible consonant with their use, for example pain control or housing meeting their biological and psychological needs and natures. Some moral progress in this area has been accomplished by the passage of research animal protection laws, which set standards for animal use in research, and also help undercut scientific ideology.

Keywords: animal studies, animal research, scientific ideology, research animal uses, defending animal research, animal research benefits, pain control, biological/psychological natures, animal protection laws, animal use standards

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