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date: 24 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Our knowledge regarding white-collar offenders has increased substantially since the time of Edwin Sutherland. A considerable percentage of white-collar offenders are gainfully employed middle-aged Caucasian men who usually commit their first white-collar offense sometime between their late thirties through their mid-forties and appear to have middle-class backgrounds. Most have some higher education, are married, and have moderate to strong ties to community, family, and religious organizations. White-collar offenders usually have a criminal history, including infractions that span the spectrum of illegality, but many do not overindulge in vice. Recent research examining the five-factor personality trait model determined that white-collar offenders tend to be more neurotic and less agreeable and conscientious than their non-criminal counterparts. Type A personality research could hold promise, but it has yet to be thoroughly examined.

Keywords: white-collar crime, fraud, occupational offenders, economic deviance, white-collar offenders, corporate crime, embezzlement, economic crime, occupational fraud

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