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date: 20 October 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Although scholars have proposed various models to explain white-collar crime, few have explored how the credibility of oversight may affect the aggregate rates of white-collar crime. This chapter attempts to address this relationship by focusing on fraud as a broad category of white-collar crime. The credibility of oversight has been measured by legislative reforms regarding white-collar crime and enhanced oversight programs jointly implemented by law enforcement agencies and other related public and private organizations. Using data retrieved from Uniform Crime Reports from Statistics Canada and the victimization reports from the Canada Anti-Fraud Center, the results show that the enhanced credibility of oversight may be associated with the downward trends in fraud in the long term. However, due to the limited scope of data, these results should be interpreted with cautions. A suggested agenda for future studies is provided.

Keywords: white-collar crime, aggregate rates, credibility of oversight, legislative changes, anti-fraud programs

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