- The Oxford Handbooks in Criminology and Criminal Justice
- The Oxford Handbook of White-Collar Crime
- Core Themes in the Study of White-Collar Crime
- The Roots and Variant Definitions of the Concept of “White-Collar Crime”
- Theoretical, Empirical, and Policy Implications of Alternative Definitions of “White-Collar Crime”: “Trivializing the Lunatic Crime Rate”
- What Is Known and What Should Be Known About White-Collar Crime Victimization?
- The Costs of White-Collar Crime
- Who Commits White-Collar Crime, and What Do We Know About Them?
- White-Collar Criminals: Ethnographic Portraits of Their Identities and Decision Making
- The Pool of Potential White-Collar Criminals: Whence?
- Middle-Class Crime: Moral Economies Between Crime in the Streets and Crime in the Suites
- Gender Constructions
- Adolescent Precursors of White-Collar Crime
- White-Collar Criminal Participation and the Life Course
- Developmental Perspectives on White-Collar Criminality
- White-Collar Crimes of the Financial Crisis
- Organizational Political Economy and White-Collar Crime
- Economic Fluctuations and Crises
- Cultural Variation
- Criminal Decision Making in Organizational Contexts
- Opportunities for White-Collar Crime
- Employee Theft
- Criminogenic Organizational Properties and Dynamics
- Organizational Self-Restraint
- Oversight and Rule Making as Political Conflict
- Regulation: From Traditional to Cooperative
- Comparing Assumptions Underlying Regulatory Inspection Strategies: Implications for Oversight Policy
- The Credibility of Oversight and Aggregate Rates of White-Collar Crime
- Investigating and Prosecuting White-Collar Criminals
- Sentencing Respectable Offenders
- Effects on White-Collar Defendants of Criminal Justice Attention and Sanctions
- White-Collar Crime and Perceptual Deterrence
- The Practical Challenges of Responding to Corporate Crime
- Public Opinion and Public Policy on White-Collar Crime
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter first distinguishes four influential policy ideas about regulatory inspection—criminalizing corporate non-compliance, reintegrative shaming, the enforcement pyramid, and risk-based regulation—in terms of assumed compliance motives. Subsequently, the state-centeredness of these four policy ideas is contrasted with the polycentric point of view underlying responsive regulation and regulatory governance. Finally, it is concluded that general perspectives underlie each of the aforementioned policy ideas on regulatory inspection. Regulation is viewed in terms of conflict or harmony or as a social or scientific process, and regulatory power is conceived of as concentrated or dispersed. All regulatory inspection ideas grapple with implementation problems. This means the comparative edge of the various ideas cannot be easily established empirically. Ultimately, it comes down to determining the context in which these different ideas are most effective.
Peter Mascini, PhD, is Associate Professor of Sociology at Erasmus University of Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
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