- The Oxford Handbooks in Criminology and Criminal Justice
- The Oxford Handbook of White-Collar Crime
- Core Themes in the Study of White-Collar Crime
- The Roots and Variant Definitions of the Concept of “White-Collar Crime”
- Theoretical, Empirical, and Policy Implications of Alternative Definitions of “White-Collar Crime”: “Trivializing the Lunatic Crime Rate”
- What Is Known and What Should Be Known About White-Collar Crime Victimization?
- The Costs of White-Collar Crime
- Who Commits White-Collar Crime, and What Do We Know About Them?
- White-Collar Criminals: Ethnographic Portraits of Their Identities and Decision Making
- The Pool of Potential White-Collar Criminals: Whence?
- Middle-Class Crime: Moral Economies Between Crime in the Streets and Crime in the Suites
- Gender Constructions
- Adolescent Precursors of White-Collar Crime
- White-Collar Criminal Participation and the Life Course
- Developmental Perspectives on White-Collar Criminality
- White-Collar Crimes of the Financial Crisis
- Organizational Political Economy and White-Collar Crime
- Economic Fluctuations and Crises
- Cultural Variation
- Criminal Decision Making in Organizational Contexts
- Opportunities for White-Collar Crime
- Employee Theft
- Criminogenic Organizational Properties and Dynamics
- Organizational Self-Restraint
- Oversight and Rule Making as Political Conflict
- Regulation: From Traditional to Cooperative
- Comparing Assumptions Underlying Regulatory Inspection Strategies: Implications for Oversight Policy
- The Credibility of Oversight and Aggregate Rates of White-Collar Crime
- Investigating and Prosecuting White-Collar Criminals
- Sentencing Respectable Offenders
- Effects on White-Collar Defendants of Criminal Justice Attention and Sanctions
- White-Collar Crime and Perceptual Deterrence
- The Practical Challenges of Responding to Corporate Crime
- Public Opinion and Public Policy on White-Collar Crime
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter views white-collar criminal behavior through two approaches, a “bad apples” approach and a “bad barrels” one. The authors identify the major drivers behind white-collar criminal activity and a number of mechanisms through which organizations can prevent it or constrain it. Their analysis indicates that there are four major drivers of white-collar criminal behavior: agency, neutralization, social conformity, and ethical distance. The authors conclude that while there is no single measure through which organizations can prevent white-collar crime, organizations can combine a number of measures and significantly reduce the probability of white-collar crime occurring or growing. These measures include the rationalization of managerial incentives, the creation of adequate controls, the protection of whistleblowers, the simplification and visibility of its structures and procedures, and the creation of an ethics-based culture.
Stelios C. Zyglidopoulos, PhD, is Reader in Management at the Adam Smith Business School, University of Glasgow.
Peter Fleming, PhD, is Professor of Business and Society at the Cass Business School, City University, London.
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.