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date: 25 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Settlement pattern archaeology has had a major impact on archaeological research in Oceania. This article reviews the history of the settlement pattern approach in Polynesia and provides case studies from the archipelagos of Samoa and Hawai’i. The primary theoretical and methodological foundations and limitations of settlement pattern archaeology are discussed. Recent technological innovations in spatial analysis, including remote sensing, computer analysis, and geographical information systems, are presented. Finally, the chapter concludes with a brief discussion of current and future avenues of development for settlement pattern studies, including the use of remote sensing technology and non-site approaches to archaeological survey and recording.

Keywords: settlement pattern, Polynesia, remote sensing, non-site archaeology, Samoa, Hawai’i

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