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date: 20 September 2019

(p. 925) Index of languages and varieties of English

(p. 925) Index of languages and varieties of English

African American English (AAE/AAVE), 10, 252, 275–276, 335, 539–546, 553, 670, 673, 679
Anglo-Saxon see Old English, West Saxon
Australian English, 99, 249, 271, 341–350, 669, 671, 679, 796
Bantu, 552, 555
Cameroon English, 276, 278, 280, 553, 669, 682
Canadian English, 544–546, 558
Cantonese, 563–566, 569, 791
Caribbean English Creoles, 578, 597, 669, 672–673, 680–681
Celtic, 6, 471, 486, 497–506, 509, 514, 531, 599, 666, 739, 773, 776
Chancery English, 265, 266, 375, 899
Chicano English, 540, 543, 669
Chinese English, 575, 792
Cockney, 343, 460–461, 466, 761
English as a Foreign Language (EFL) variety, 352, 378, 553, 578, 584
English as a Second Language (ESL) variety, 582–589
see also New Englishes
English as a lingua franca, 12, 272, 378, 539, 562, 583, 593
Flemish, 471, 520, 525, 723
Gaelic, 377, 474, 475
see also Irish, Welsh
Geechee, 681, 682
Ghanaian English, 587, 669
Ghanaian Pidgin English, 669, 681–682
Gullah, 669, 681, 682
Haitian Creole, 596
Hawai'i Creole English, 594, 669, 672, 681
Hawai'i Pidgin English, 593, 594
Hebrew, 436, 531
Hindi, 562–565, 583, 795
Hispanic English see Latino English
Hokkien, 563–568, 791
Hong Kong English, 193, 194, 563, 565–567, 569, 669, 791
Icelandic, 505, 630
Inner Circle Englishes, 560, 569, 790, 791, 792, 902
Irish English, 370, 478–479, 490, 583, 585, 669, 680
Italian, 512, 659, 663
Jamaican Creole, 669, 671, 682
Japanese, 337, 354, 569, 628
Jewish English, 543, 544
L2 varieties see New Englishes
Latino English, 540, 542–543
Liverpool English, 679, 779–781, 785
London English, 11, 69, 70–72, 414, 460–461, 466, 588, 761, 762
Malay, 562–564, 567, 569, 577, 583, 669, 791, 794
Manchester English, 467
Mandarin, 562–565, 567, 568, 583, 791, 792
Modern English (ModE), 10, 63–75, 91, 114, 130, 418, 436–443, 508, 511, 513–514, 534, 624–626, 630, 631, 638, 640, 702–713, 758, 819, 847, 874, 877
Early Modern English (EModE), 3, 20, 63–66, 129, 146, 150, 201, 262, 266–267, 286, 296, 365, 367, 381, 413, 414, 424–426, 428–429, 450, 458, 461–465, 468, 660, 634, 639, 640, 741, 748, 773, 822–823, 830–831, 833, 891
Late Modern English (LModE), 63, 66–72, 114, 130, 160, 162, 268–269, 275, 375, 429–430, 449, 697–699, 709, 745, 864, 866, 869, 888, 891, 894, 896
Native American English, 545, 546
New Englishes (L2 varieties), 6, 189–198, 492–493, 550, 551, 566, 570, 572, 575–579, 582–589, 613, 618, 668–670, 676, 692, 788–791, 794, 795, 797, 903
New York English
New York City, 543, 704–705, 762
New York State, 750, 752, 754–759
New Zealand English, 6, 10, 69, 94–96, 249–250, 271, 669–670, 679–681, 761–771
Nigerian English, 276, 566, 669
Nigerian Pidgin English, 555, 669, 671, 681–682
Old High German (OHG), 803, 815–816, 836, 846–857
Old Icelandic, 809, 811
Old Norse (ON), 45, 46, 490, 509–515, 588, 596, 599, 678
Old Saxon, 40, 114, 509
Philippine English, 189, 563, 575, 583
Portuguese, 543, 554–556, 567, 861
Postcolonial Englishes, 190, 195, 196, 273, 578–589, 582
Present Day English (PDE), 3, 24, 25, 91, 128, 131, 161, 190, 195–197, 201, 393, 424–425, 430–431, 436, 442–443, 499, 614, 643, 655, 663, 710, 728, 738, 748, 749, 750, 776, 819, 826, 832, 860
Scandinavian, 6, 39, 40, 46, 471, 486, 508–515
see also Old Norse
Scots, 42, 46, 87–89, 91, 451, 504, 505, 539, 678, 680
Scottish English, 87–89, 669, 672, 679
Singaporean English, 191, 583, 586, 794, 796
Sinitic languages, 562–568, 583, 586
see also Hokkien, Mandarin
South African English, 550–553, 555, 557–578, 582, 586–587, 669, 671, 762, 793, 796
Spanish, 378, 492, 540, 541, 543, 701, 782
Sri Lankan, 191, 197, 562, 563
Tamil, 562, 563, 567–568, 791
Tyneside English, 90–92, 679
Welsh, 462, 471, 498, 501–505
Welsh English, 117, 669
West African Pidgin English, 280, 554, 594
West Saxon English, 21, 22, 44, 498, 500–501, 510, 588
World Englishes, 10, 100, 281, 377, 551, 578, 617, 618, 683
Yiddish, 541, 542, 544 (p. 928)