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date: 09 August 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This article explores the socio-cultural processes, along with concepts used in defining them, that have played a significant role in the history of the English language. It looks at the fuzzy complexes of social phenomena that constitute socio-cultural processes, especially ideology, culture, and power. It also examines some specific processes that are applicable to events in the history of English (social stratification, standardization, colonialization, globalization, industrialization and urbanization, democratization, cultural assimilation) and considers whether discourse, as opposed to language, deserves analysis and discussion. In addition, the article looks at the kind of analytical focus linguistic work linking to socio-cultural processes might have, together with methodological issues and relevant data sources.

Keywords: socio-cultural, processes, history, English, ideology, culture, power, social stratification, standardization, colonialization, globalization

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