- List of Contributors
- Collecting in Premodern Europe
- Conservation and Restoration
- Collecting in Early America
- Current Trends in Museum Display
- Three-Dimensional Scanning and Modeling
- Marble Quarries: Ancient Imperial Administration and Modern Scientific Analyses
- Marble Carving Techniques, Workshops, and Artisans
- Reuse and Recarving: Technical Evidence
- Transport and Distribution
- Style: Applications and Limitations
- Etruscan Connections
- “Idealplastik” and the Relationship between Greek and Roman Sculpture
- Monumental Reliefs
- Archaism and Eclecticism
- Egyptian-Style Monuments
- Late Antique Sculpture
- Architectural Settings
- Religious Dedications
- Domestic Displays
- Funerary Monuments
- Epigraphy and Patronage
- Imperial Messages
- Non-Elite Patronage
- Northern Gaul, Germany, and Britain
- Hispaniae and Narbonensis
- North Africa
- Asia Minor
- Near East
- Aesthetics and Latin Literary Reception
- Reception Theory
- Ancient Analogs of Museums
- Images of Statues in Other Media
- Human Interactions with Statues
- Art Credits
Abstract and Keywords
Understanding the history of quarry use and identifying the origins of marbles used in specific monuments provide indispensable ways of understanding the historical and economic dynamics behind the prestige bestowed by the use of marbles and colored stones. After identifying the main marble districts of the Mediterranean, this chapter reviews the evidence for the history of use of white marble (and to a certain extent colored marbles) during the Roman period, including its early application in the late Republic, Caesar’s recognition of the Luni quarries, Augustus’s transformation of the city of Rome from brick to marble, and the imperial acquisition and control of marble quarries around the Mediterranean during the Augustan and subsequent periods. The chapter also highlights the distinction between marble production destined for civic use and that for private consumption. Finally, current developments in scientific analyses are reviewed.
Patrizio Pensabene, La Sapienza–Università di Roma.
Eleonora Gasparini, La Sapienza–Università di Roma.
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