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date: 17 September 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Understanding the history of quarry use and identifying the origins of marbles used in specific monuments provide indispensable ways of understanding the historical and economic dynamics behind the prestige bestowed by the use of marbles and colored stones. After identifying the main marble districts of the Mediterranean, this chapter reviews the evidence for the history of use of white marble (and to a certain extent colored marbles) during the Roman period, including its early application in the late Republic, Caesar’s recognition of the Luni quarries, Augustus’s transformation of the city of Rome from brick to marble, and the imperial acquisition and control of marble quarries around the Mediterranean during the Augustan and subsequent periods. The chapter also highlights the distinction between marble production destined for civic use and that for private consumption. Finally, current developments in scientific analyses are reviewed.

Keywords: Luni, Proconnesos, Dokimeion, Mt. Pentelikon, Maximum Grain Size, X-Ray diffraction, cathodoluminesence, isotopic analysis, strontium isotopes analysis, ASMOSIA

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