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date: 20 September 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter surveys sculpture in the Roman Near East, the provinces of Syria (founded in 64/63 BC), Arabia (AD 105/6), and Palaestina (AD 135), comprising the modern states of Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Palestine, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, and Yemen, and parts of southeastern Turkey and western Iraq. Emphasis is placed on both native sculptural production and the import of statuary in Graeco-Roman styles and materials, as well as the influence of classical models on local works. The widespread import of mythological marble sculpture, especially Roman versions of Greek types of the fourth century BC, is noted, as is the relative dearth of portraiture, both imperial and private. Avenues for new research abound, not only in the documentation and first publication of hitherto unstudied or unpublished material, but also in analyses of the origins and implications of imported materials, hybrid iconography and style, and the role of statuary in negotiating identity under Roman rule.

Keywords: Syria, Arabia, Palaestina, Hauran, Palmyra, Nabataea/Nabataean, imported marble

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