- List of Contributors
- Collecting in Premodern Europe
- Conservation and Restoration
- Collecting in Early America
- Current Trends in Museum Display
- Three-Dimensional Scanning and Modeling
- Marble Quarries: Ancient Imperial Administration and Modern Scientific Analyses
- Marble Carving Techniques, Workshops, and Artisans
- Reuse and Recarving: Technical Evidence
- Transport and Distribution
- Style: Applications and Limitations
- Etruscan Connections
- “Idealplastik” and the Relationship between Greek and Roman Sculpture
- Monumental Reliefs
- Archaism and Eclecticism
- Egyptian-Style Monuments
- Late Antique Sculpture
- Architectural Settings
- Religious Dedications
- Domestic Displays
- Funerary Monuments
- Epigraphy and Patronage
- Imperial Messages
- Non-Elite Patronage
- Northern Gaul, Germany, and Britain
- Hispaniae and Narbonensis
- North Africa
- Asia Minor
- Near East
- Aesthetics and Latin Literary Reception
- Reception Theory
- Ancient Analogs of Museums
- Images of Statues in Other Media
- Human Interactions with Statues
- Art Credits
Abstract and Keywords
Monumental reliefs, also known as “historical” or “state” reliefs, adorned an unprecedented range of public buildings in the Roman empire. Introduced during the Republic, produced mainly under the Principate in Rome, and rarely used as a marker of Roman affiliation in the provinces, monumental reliefs became one of the most distinctive forms of Roman sculpture. Although scholars originally concentrated on the supposed historicity of the events depicted, recent semiotic approaches contextualize the reliefs’ imagery and explore intended messages. Scholarship also has moved beyond merely identifying historical iconography to examining broader categories of imagery across multiple reliefs. Challenges for the study of monumental reliefs include lack of archaeological context, ambiguity in dating and identification, and the reuse (both ancient and modern) of reliefs. Despite a long history of study, opportunities for innovative work remain, including database-driven quantitative approaches, re-evaluations of understudied provincial monuments, and scrutiny of polychromy and topographic contexts.
Melanie Grunow Sobocinski, Independent Scholar.
Elizabeth Wolfram Thill, Indiana University–Purdue University Indianapolis.
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