Abstract and Keywords
The numerous interactions and exchanges between Etruscans and Romans from the Iron Age down to the end of the Roman Republic make it difficult to speak of influence of one culture over the other. Instead, there is abundant evidence of a shared evolution in art, religion, and ritual that provided the contexts for the creation of sculpture in various materials and formats. The Etruscan interest in relief sculpture and portraiture, which appeared at an early date (seventh to sixth centuries BC), parallels that of the Romans. Both cultures practiced ancestor worship, involving glorification of family figures prominent in politics, the priesthood, and the military; it was important to recreate the face and figure in honorific statues and to depict important public activities such as races, processions, and triumphs. Both cultures adorned their temples with grand architectural terracottas, created by artists who traveled from city to city.
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