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date: 17 September 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines the transport and distribution of sculpture in the Roman world in the broader context of the interregional art market. Literary and epigraphic evidence shows that Roman sculptors were highly mobile, often moving, temporarily or permanently, to be close to the market for their products. In addition, the archaeological evidence, boosted by recent developments in archaeometry, shows that both works of art and the raw materials for their production were transported long distances. In the first and second centuries AD, in particular, there was massive demand for high-quality sculpture in marble and bronze, even from areas that had no indigenous traditions of carving in these materials. Focusing on the condition in which sculpture, primarily statues and sarcophagi, were transported, this chapter also examines what the distribution of particular materials reveals about broader patterns of demand and the relationship between sculptors, their customers, and the suppliers of raw materials.

Keywords: transport, distribution, sculptors, shipwrecks, sarcophagus trade, quarrying

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