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date: 26 June 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter surveys the archaeological, literary, and epigraphic evidence for marble carving techniques, workshops, and artisans. In particular, tools, approaches, specialty methods like joining, use of models, and mechanisms of copying are presented. Also discussed is the evidence for the location, organization, and chronology of sculpture workshops around the empire. Sculptors’ signatures, mentions of famous marble artists in the literary sources, and a handful of surviving depictions of marble carvers at work provide insights into the origins and status of these artisans. Increased understanding of the artistic processes and of those who undertook the creation of marble statuary sheds light on artistic traditions, aspects of the Roman economy, and a major industry whose products played a central role in the late republican and imperial Roman world.

Keywords: models, carving, joining, copying, pointing, workshop, quarry, Aphrodisias, Aphrodisian sculptors, signatures

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