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date: 14 December 2019

(p. 699) Index of Terms

(p. 699) Index of Terms

Abbasid dynasty 11, 101, 131, 141, 213, 326, 625, 677
Active Intellect 178, 221, 228, 393, 669. See also Universal Intellect
Almohad dynasty 234–235, 238, 246, 278, 290
Almoravid dynasty 234, 278
Ashʿarī (school of theology) 40, 191–194, 207, 210–232 passim, 251, 287–289, 296–325 passim, 326, 342, 375–396 passim, 397, 398, 402, 410, 411, 416, 418, 442, 509, 580, 586–606 passim
Bahshamīs 319, 320, 408
being, primacy of 157, 268, 434, 458, 471–473, 565, 567–572, 576, 581, 665–666, 671
Copernicanism 350, 537, 549, 589
cosmology 2, 3, 63, 78, 79, 102, 104, 108, 110, 115, 116, 152, 155, 170, 177, 180–182, 191, 196, 219, 220, 221, 228, 237, 268, 269, 270, 271, 273, 335–343, 384, 451, 551, 603, 655
demonstration/demonstrative reasoning 15, 33, 41, 42, 44, 66, 69, 140, 152, 171, 178, 195, 196–199, 202, 204, 206, 207, 216, 217, 238, 239, 281, 284, 285, 287–294 passim, 300, 303, 312, 316, 323, 328, 342, 352, 353, 354, 387, 443, 444, 448, 467–470 passim, 494, 495, 507, 513, 545, 551, 569, 577–580 passim, 583, 584, 660, 664
dialectics/dialectical reasoning 107, 110, 152, 197, 239, 250, 281, 283, 284, 287, 288, 289, 291, 293, 294, 299–302, 304, 387, 494, 636, 661
empiricism 639, 640, 676–693 passim
essence and existence 2, 118, 119, 120n, 122, 155–158, 223, 228, 266, 267–268, 333, 335, 381–384, 419, 421, 425, 430, 453, 568, 576, 577
eternity of the world 2, 33, 38, 40, 41, 45, 58, 79, 199, 200–202, 204, 217, 224, 225, 228, 239, 285, 286, 302, 337, 339, 438–464 passim, 613
Forms, Platonic 107, 256, 259, 262, 263, 269–271, 454, 478
God, proofs for the existence of 42, 152, 158–160, 217, 223–225, 241, 252, 281, 319, 331–333, 401, 603, 631, 650–651, 655, 656, 671–672
Ilkhanid dynasty 350, 418
Ismāʿīlīs 10, 64, 78, 169–190, 192, 194–195, 198, 210–232, 256, 271, 306, 326
Karrāmī (school of theology) 174, 175, 176, 177, 224, 581
materialism/materialist 19, 174, 342, 379, 590–591, 598–599, 621, 630, 655, 658, 659, 661
modality 2, 201–202, 319, 331, 334, 338, 348, 353, 355, 357, 365, 366, 367, 407, 483, 494, 502, 503, 510, 515, 529, 530, 544, 662, 665
Muʿtazilī (school of theology) 30, 33, 39, 40, 45, 58, 84, 86, 90, 94, 95, 174, 176, 177, 191, 192, 193, 206, 207, 228, 246, 288, 289, 319, 342, 381, 397–414, 580, 581, 596, 601, 677. See also Bahshamīs
natural philosophy 4, 143, 146, 147, 148, 149, 153, 158, 159, 235, 237, 302, 327, 376, 378, 379, 460, 536, 540, 547, 549, 554, 567, 601
(p. 700) Neoplatonic/Neoplatonism 3, 8–29 passim, 31, 33–34, 36n3, 37, 49, 55, 58, 84, 85n3, 86, 96, 105, 107–110, 111, 116, 154, 155, 161, 170, 177, 178, 179, 187, 188, 191, 219, 224, 235, 238, 241, 245, 250, 255, 256–269 passim, 272, 279, 290, 405, 449, 450, 454, 456, 654, 658n3, 671
occasionalism 228, 319, 602, 603
Ottoman dynasty 3, 4, 5, 366, 375, 416, 417, 424, 434, 435, 440, 447n5, 523, 530, 586–606 passim
particulars, God’s knowledge of 2, 59, 94, 121, 202–203, 285, 302, 390n9, 391, 405, 451, 613
Peripatetic 77, 113, 145, 154, 157, 160, 161, 187, 191, 236, 237, 241, 244, 252, 255–274, 397, 398, 402, 405, 406, 408, 442, 449, 470, 471, 512, 513, 540, 547, 567, 569, 571, 574, 575, 583, 609
Platonic/Platonism 13, 15, 23, 65, 73, 80, 105, 107–109, 110, 130, 133, 154, 185, 244, 255–277 passim, 438, 443, 454, 456, 478, 583, 660, 672. See also Forms, Platonic
positivism 681, 688
prophecy 5, 64, 84, 92, 147–148, 153, 189, 192, 195, 228, 251, 377, 392, 401, 409, 411, 418, 471, 483–485, 567, 613
psychology 64, 65, 68, 73, 102, 104, 118, 145, 147, 148, 170, 182–186, 207, 228, 237, 244, 245, 552, 557, 687, 689
Qajar dynasty 4, 397, 560, 561, 656n1
reincarnation 79, 263, 271–273, 405, 406, 407. See also transmigration
resurrection of the body 2, 202–203, 204, 285, 405, 407–408, 411, 471, 481, 482, 483, 659
Safavid dynasty 4, 5, 25, 296n2, 439, 440, 441, 442, 445, 446, 447, 456, 457, 460, 465, 466, 656, 657
Seljuq dynasty 169, 193, 194, 213–214, 217
soul
animal 69, 78, 221, 390, 391, 392, 393, 552
celestial/heavenly 12, 197, 198, 221, 390, 392
human 25, 65, 113, 117, 132–133, 144, 155, 170, 179–189 passim, 221, 226, 344, 390–394, 406, 407, 411, 452, 471, 479, 480, 482, 483, 536, 552, 577, 669
rational 67, 68, 72, 74, 77, 79, 132–133, 134, 135, 139, 140, 170, 183–186 passim, 406, 468, 544, 551–554 passim, 564
universal/world 16, 78, 172, 173, 177, 185, 186, 188, 219, 221, 228, 582
Stoics 16, 65, 242, 512
Sufism 84, 89, 192, 193, 233, 235, 243, 246, 247, 249, 250, 256, 271, 394, 425, 441, 470, 561, 616, 619, 656, 657n2, 666, 667
syllogism 113, 138, 196, 197, 239, 262, 282, 284, 352–358 passim, 366, 367, 426, 443, 502, 509–516 passim, 521, 527, 528, 531, 633, 635
Timurid dynasty 419, 514, 515, 654, 656
transmigration 78, 272, 405, 406, 407. See also reincarnation
Universal Intellect 96, 172, 173, 177–188 passim, 219, 220, 221, 227, 228, 390, 392, 564, 583. See also Active Intellect