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date: 17 June 2021

Abstract and Keywords

The tenth-century Baghdadi Christian logician and philosopher Yaḥyā ibn ‘Adī (893–974) composed his Tahdhib al-akhlaq, The Reformation of Morals, as a popular treatise on virtue ethics in the spirit of his teacher, the Muslim philosopher Abu Nasr al-Farabi (870–950). Over the centuries it has gained a wide readership among both Muslims and Christians living in the Islamic world. The author outlines the profile of the virtuous “Perfect Man” and of “humane” behavior (al-insāniyya), as well as highlighting the complimentary roles of rulers and scholars in a virtuous society.

Keywords: virtue ethics, Baghdad, Yaḥyā ibn ‘Adī, practical reason, humane behavior, the Perfect Man, celibacy, virtuous society

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