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date: 14 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Muhammad Iqbal’s The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam belongs in the category of modern Muslim reformist works, which address, issues of a practical nature faced by Muslims in the social, political, and legal spheres. Iqbal’s Reconstruction analyzes these issues at a deeper, philosophical level, seeking to transform minds and outlook before proposing specific solutions to specific problems. The primary aim of the Reconstruction is to rejuvenate Muslim thought in the modern context. To this end, it enters into a critical engagement with the intellectual, religious, spiritual, and scientific thought of the Muslim and Western traditions, inquiring into the prospects of bringing into harmony, from an Islamic standpoint and in an Islamic setting, tradition and modernity, religion and science. The legacy of the Reconstruction is its invitation to Muslims to reassess the entire Islamic tradition, being fully cognizant of modern developments in thought without breaking with their own past.

Keywords: Iqbal, reconstruction, reformism, tradition, modernity, Islam, religion, ijtihad, science

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