Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 20 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Al-Shahrastānī’s (d. 548/1153) Wrestling Match with the Falāsifa (Muṣāraʿat al-falāsifa) is the second book of refutation of Ibn Sīnā’s (Avicenna, d. 428/1037) philosophy by a Muslim philosopher and theologian. While al-Ghazālī tried to prove the nondemonstrative character of Ibn Sīnā’s teachings, al-Shahrastānī “wrestles” with Ibn Sīnā about what is true to say about God. Heavily influenced by the cosmology of the Ismāʿīlite Shīʿites of his day, al-Shahrastānī claims that God is too transcendent to be included in divisions of what is existent. God is beyond the dichotomy of existence and nonexistence. Equally God is not “simplicity” (wāḥda) the way Ibn Sīnā claims. Rather, words like “existence” and “simplicity” apply to God only in an equivocal way rather than univocal or, as Ibn Sīnā claims, moderated. Most mistakes in philosophical theology are committed, so al-Shahrastānī, because equivocal terms are wrongfully understood to be univocal.

Keywords: incoherence, tahāfut, demonstration, burhān, Ismāʿīlism, bāṭiniyya, equivocal, bi-shtirāk, univocal, mutawāṭiʾ

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.