- The Oxford Handbook of Islamic Philosophy
- The Theology Attributed to Aristotle: Sources, Structure, Influence
- The Rise of Falsafa: Al-Kindī (d. 873), On First Philosophy
- Abū Bakr al-Rāzī (d. 925), <i>The Spiritual Medicine</i>
- Ibn Masarra’s (d. 931) Third Book
- Al-Fārābī’s (d. 950) On the One and Oneness: Some Preliminary Remarks on Its Structure, Contents, and Theological Implications
- Yaḥyā b. ʿAdī’s (d. 974) <i>Kitāb Tahdhīb al-akhlāq</i>
- Ibn Sīnā (d. 428/1037): Metaphysics of the Shifāʾ
- Reconciling Religion and Philosophy: Nāṣir-i Khusraw’s (d. 1088) <i>Jāmiʿ al-ḥikmatayn</i>
- Al-Ghazālī’s (d. 1111) <i>Incoherence of the Philosophers</i>
- Ismāʿīlite Critique of Ibn Sīnā: Al-Shahrastānī’s (d. 1153) Wrestling Match with the Philosophers
- Ibn Ṭufayl’s (d. 1185) <i>Ḥayy ibn Yaqẓan</i>
- Suhrawardī’s (d. 1191) Intimations of the Tablet and the Throne: The Relationship of Illuminationism and the Peripatetic Philosophy
- Averroes (d. 1198), <i>The Decisive Treatise</i>
- Al-Rāzī’s (d. 1210) Commentary on Avicenna’s Pointers: The Confluence of Exegesis and Aporetics
- Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī (d. 1274): Sharḥ al-Ishārāt
- Kātibī (d. 1277), Taḥtānī (d. 1365), and the <i>Shamsiyya</i>
- <i>Al-Mawāqif fī ʿilm al-kalām</i> by ʿAḍūd al-Dīn al-Ījī (d. 1355), and Its Commentaries
- Ibn Abī Jumhūr al-Aḥsāʾī (d. after 1491) and his <i>Kitāb Mujlī Mirʾāt al-munjī</i>
- Jalāl al-Dīn al-Dawānī (d. 908/1502), Glosses on ʿAlāʾ al-Dīn al-Qūshjī’s Commentary on Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī’s <i>Tajrīd al-iʿtiqād</i>
- Mīr Dāmād’s (d. 1631) al-Qabasāt: The Problem of the Eternity of the Cosmos
- Ṣadr al-Dīn al-Shīrāzī’s (d. 1635) <i>Divine Witnesses</i>
- The <i>Sullam al-ʿulūm</i> of (d. 1707) Muḥibb Allāh al-Bihārī
- Aḥmad al-Mallawī (d. 1767): Commentary on the Versification of the Immediate Implications of Hypothetical Propositions
- Faḍl-i Ḥaqq Khayrābādī’s (d. 1861), <i>al-Hadiyya al-saʿīdiyya</i>
- Haji Mullā Hādī Sabzawārī (d. 1878), <i>Ghurar al-farāʾid</i>
- Ali Sedad Bey’s (d. 1900), <i>Kavâidu’t-Taḥavvülât fî Ḥarekâti’z-Zerrât</i> (<i>Principles of Transformation in the Motion of Particles</i>)
- Muḥammad Iqbāl (d. 1938): The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam
- Muḥammad Bāqir al-Ṣadr (d. 1979) on the Logical Foundations of Induction
- ʿAllāma Ṭabāṭabāʾī (d. 1981), <i>Nihāyat al-ḥikma</i>
- Zakī Najīb Maḥmūd (d. 1993), <i>Naḥwa Falsafa ʿIlmiyya</i> (<i>Toward a Scientific Philosophy</i>)
- Index of Personal Names
- Index of Terms
Abstract and Keywords
In modern Shiʿi intellectual history, Sayyid Muḥammad Ḥusayn Ṭabāṭabāʾī (d. 1981) stands out as the most important and influential philosopher and exegete in the twentieth century. The chapter is divided into parts: the first an account detailing his career and the intellectual milieu in which he lived; the second an exposition of his philosophical ideas, showing that Ṭabāṭabāʾī (1) formulated a realist theory of epistemology to combat skepticism; (2) rehearsed the traditional ontological proof for the existence of God for the new-theology of post-war Shiʿi intellectual history; (3) went to great lengths to demonstrate how philosophy could contribute to a more rigorous theological response to modernity; (4) provided the philosophy of being, championed by Mullā Ṣadrā (d. 1635), with a new impetus by stressing above all else the rationalistic facet of the tradition; and (5) reoriented philosophy to augment theological positions articulated in response to the challenges of modernity.
Sajjad Rizvi is Associate Professor of Islamic intellectual History and Director of the Institute of Arab and Islamic Studies at the University of Exeter. He specialises in the Safavid-Mughal period and is the author of Mulla Sadra and Metaphysics(Routledge, 2009). He is currently finishing a short monograph on Mir Damad and a comparative study of philosophy in 18th century Iran and North India.
Ahab Bdaiwi is a Lecturer in Islamic and Iranian history at the University of St Andrews. His area of research is medieval and early modern Islamic intellectual history. He examines Avicennan philosophy and its reception in Shiʿi and Sunni circles and intellectual milieus in medieval Iran and Iraq. He is the author of the forthcoming monograph Shiʿi Defenders of Avicenna: An Intellectual History of the Philosophers of Shiraz.
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