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date: 25 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

It is rare to find a philosopher so fixated on a single issue as the much-neglected thinker, prominent at the court of Shah ʿAbbās, Mīr Dāmād. His corpus is very much concerned with reconciling the key theological dispute between the “philosophical” position holding that the cosmos exists as a logical consequence of the principle and hence a cosmos that is coeternal with God, and the theological (scriptural even) imperative that God creates out of nothing in time. Mīr Dāmād offers a solution that mirrors some early modern scholastic approaches to middle knowledge and a way to reconcile eternal and temporal origination of the cosmos through the notion of “perpetual creation” (ḥudūth dahrī). We consequently find thinkers in the later Safavid-Mughal period contesting this solution, with some key students of Mīr Dāmād defending it. But broadly it remained an artifact of Islamic intellectual history in the early modern period.

Keywords: creation, eternity, perpetuity, badāʾ, ḥikma yamānīya, time, lettrism

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