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date: 17 June 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Jalāl al-Dīn al-Dawānī (d. 908/1502), a distinguished scholar of Shiraz in the late fifteenth century, composed many works in logic, theology, philosophy, and ethics. Moreover, he had several written and oral disputes with another outstanding scholar of Shiraz, Ṣadr al-Dīn al-Dashtakī (d. 903/1498). These heated debates, which stretched over a period of more than two decades, significantly influenced Dawānī’s and his intellectual competitor’s thought. It also became widely disputed for centuries throughout the Islamic world—in Iran, the Ottoman lands, central Asia, and the Indian subcontinent. The controversy between Dawānī and Dashtakī animates a number of their respective writings, especially their glosses on ʿAlāʾ al-Dīn al-Qūshjī’s commentary on Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī’s Tajrīd al-iʿtiqād. This chapter focuses on major metaphysical disputes presented in these glosses.

Keywords: Jalāl al-Dīn al-Dawānī, Ṣadr a-Dīn al-Dashtakī, ʿAlāʾ al-Dīn al-Qūshjī, Tajrīd al-iʿtiqād, second intelligible, regular predication, primary predication

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