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date: 24 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

ʿAḍud al-dīn al-Ījī’s Mawāqif fī ‘ilm al-kalām and its commentaries were the most studied kalām texts of the Sunnī madrasa curriculum after the fourteenth century CE. On one level, the Mawāqif exemplifies what has been termed the “Avicennization of kalām.” On a deeper level, it reaffirms a commitment to the principles of classical Ashʿarī kalām and contests central falsafa positions, even as it utilizes falsafa terminology and concepts. This chapter examines this aspect of the Mawāqif through its discussion of key questions in Islamic intellectual history.

Keywords: kalām, ḥāl, intermediate state, falsafa, mental objects, essence, existence, necessarily existent, possibly existent, atomism

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