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date: 09 April 2020

(p. xvii) List of Acronyms

(p. xvii) List of Acronyms

A2/AD.

anti-access/area-denial

ABF.

Asian Bond Fund

ABMI.

Asian Bond Markets Initiative

ACC.

Asian Consultative Council

ACD.

Asian Cooperation Dialogue

ACFTA.

Association of Southeast Asian Nations—China Free Trade Agreement

ACIA.

ASEAN Comprehensive Investment Agreement

ACMECS

Ayeyawady-Chao Phraya-Mekong Economic Cooperation Strategy

ACU.

Asian Currency Unit

ADBI

Asian Development Bank Institute

ADMM-Plus.

ASEAN Defense Ministers Meeting-Plus

AEC.

ASEAN Economic Community

AFC

Asian financial crisis

AFTA.

ASEAN Free Trade Area

AI.

Amnesty International

AICHR.

Association of Southeast Asian Nations: Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights

AMF.

Asian Monetary Fund

AMRO.

ASEAN+3 Macroeconomic Research Office

AMU.

Asian Monetary Union

APAEC.

ASEAN Plan of Action for Energy Cooperation

APEC FMM.

Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Finance Ministers’ Meeting

APEC.

Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation

APT.

ASEAN Plus 3

ARF.

ASEAN Regional Forum

ARIC.

Asian Regional Integration Center

ASEAN.

Association of Southeast Asian Nations

BATNA.

Best Alternative to Negotiated Agreement

BDF.

Basic Defense Force

BIMSTEC.

Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation

bilateral investment treaties

BMD.

ballistic missile defense

BRIC.

Brazil, Russia, India, China

C4ISR

command, control, communications, computers, intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance

CA Union.

Central Asia Union

CACO.

Central Asian Cooperation Organization

CAEC

Central Asian Economic Cooperation

CAEC.

Central Asian Economic Cooperation

CAFTA.

China-ASEAN Free Trade Agreement

CANWFZ.

Central Asian Nuclear Weapons Free Zone

CAREC.

Central Asian Regional Economic Cooperation Initiative

CCP.

Chinese Communist Party

CEPAE/ CEPEA.

Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement in East Asia

CEPT-AFTA.

Common Effective Preferential Tariffs for the ASEAN Free Trade Area

CERD.

Convention on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination

CES.

Common Economic Space

CICA.

Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia

CIS.

Commonwealth of Independent States

CJK.

China, Japan, and Republic of Korea

CMI.

Chiang Mai Initiative

CMIM.

Chiang Mai Initiative Multilateralization

CMIM-PL.

Chiang Mai Initiative Multilateralization Precautionary Line

CNOOC.

China National Offshore Oil Corporation

CNPC.

China National Petroleum Company

CPA.

Comprehensive Plan of Action for Indochinese Refugees

CPPCC

Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference

CSCAP.

Council for Security Cooperation in the Asia Pacific

CSIS.

Center for Strategic and International Studies

CSTO.

Collective Security Treaty Organization

CTBT.

Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

DDF.

Dynamic Defense Force

DLP.

Democratic Liberal Party (South Korea)

DMZ.

Demilitarized Zone

DPJ.

Democratic Party of Japan

DPRI.

Defense Policy Review Initiative (US)

DPRK.

Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

DSM.

Dispute Settlement Mechanism

EAEC.

East Asian Economic Caucus

EAFTA.

East Asian Free Trade Area

Acid Deposition Monitory Network in East Asia

EAS.

East Asia Summit

EASI.

East Asia Strategy Initiative

EBRD.

European Bank for Reconstruction and Development

ECO.

Economic Cooperation Organization

EEC.

Eurasian Economic Commission

EEZ.

exclusive economic zone

EFTA.

European Free Trade Area

EMEAP.

Executives’ Meeting of East Asia–Pacific Central Banks

EMS.

European Monetary System

ENDC.

Eighteen Nation Disarmament Conference

EOI.

export-oriented industrialization

ERPD.

Economic Review and Policy Dialogue

EurAsEC.

Eurasian Economic Community

FDI.

foreign direct investment

FEMA.

Foreign Exchange Management Act

FIZs.

foreign investment zones

FMM.

Japan-ASEAN Finance Ministers’ Meeting

FPA.

foreign policy analysis

FTA.

Free Trade Agreement

FTAAP.

Free Trade Area of the Asia-Pacific

G5.

Group of Five (Britain, France, Germany, Japan, United States)

G7.

Group of Seven (Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, United Kingdom, United States)

G8.

Group of Eight (G7 plus Russia)

G20.

Group of Twenty (Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, European Union, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Republic of Korea, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States)

GATS.

General Agreement on Trade in Services

GATT.

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

GCC.

Gulf Cooperation Council

GDP.

gross domestic product

GEACPS.

Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere

GFC.

global financial crisis

GLCs.

government-linked companies

GNP.

gross national product

GPR.

Global Posture Review

GWOT.

Global War On Terror

H1N1.

Hemagglutinin Type 1 and Neuraminidase Type 1 (influenza virus: swine flu)

HEU.

highly enriched uranium

(p. xx) HIV/AIDS.

human immunodecifiency virus / acquired immune deficiency syndrome

HPAI.

highly pathogenic avian influenza

HRW.

Human Rights Watch

IAEA.

International Atomic Energy Agency

IBSA

India, Brazil, and South Africa.

ICC.

International Coordinating Committee for NHRIs

ICCPR.

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

ICESCR.

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

ICIMOD

International Center for Integrated Mountain Development

IDPs.

internally displaced people

IFIs.

international financial institutions

IGOs.

intergovernmental organizations

IMF.

International Monetary Fund

IOs.

international organizations

IPCL.

International Peace Cooperation Law

IPE.

international political economy

IPNs.

international production networks

IR.

International Relations

IR/IPE.

International Relations / International Political Economy

IRT.

IR theory

ITRI.

Industrial Technology Research Institute (Taiwan)

JACEPA.

Japan-ASEAN Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement

JSDF.

Japan Self Defense Forces

KEDO.

Korea Energy Development Organization

KORUS.

Korea-US Free Trade Agreement

KWP.

Korea Workers’ Party

LDCs.

least developed countries

LDP

Liberal Democratic Party (Japan)

LEP

Look East Policy (India)

LNG.

liquefied natural gas

LOW.

launch on warning

LUA.

launch under attack

MERCOSUR.

Mercado Comun del Sul

METI.

Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (Japan)

MFG.

Manila Framework Group

MGIMO.

Moscow State Institute of International Relations

MNE.

multinational enterprise

MOF.

Ministry of Finance (Japan)

MOFA.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Japan and China)

MoU.

memorandum of understanding

Mekong River Commission

MSDF.

Maritime Self Defense Force

NAM.

Non-Aligned Movement

NATF.

Northeast Asian Trilateral Forum

NATO.

North Atlantic Treaty Organization

NBFIs.

nonbank financial institutions

NDA.

National Democratic Alliance (India)

NDC.

National Defense Commission

NDPG.

National Defense Program Guidelines, 2004 (Japan)

NDPO.

National Defense Program Outline, 1976 (Japan)

NEACD

Northeast Asia Cooperation Dialogue (University of California)

NEAFTA.

Northeast Asian Free Trade Agreement

NEASPEC.

Northeast Asian Sub-regional Program on Environmental Cooperation

NGO.

non-government organization

NHRIs.

national human rights institutions

NIEO.

New International Economic Order

NMI.

New Miyazawa Initiative

NOWPAP.

Action Plan for the Protection, Management and Development of Marine and Coastal Environment of the Northwest Pacific Region

NPT.

Non-Proliferation Treaty

NSG.

Nuclear Suppliers Group

NTBs.

nontariff barriers

NWFZ.

Nuclear Weapons-Free Zone

NWIRT.

non-Western IR theory

OAS.

Organization of American States

OCA.

optimum currency areas

ODA.

official developmental assistance

OECD.

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

OFDI.

outward foreign direct investment

OME.

other major economy countries

OMT.

Office for the Ministry for Trade (South Korea)

OPAs.

optimum currency areas

OPEC.

Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries

OREI.

Office of Regional Economic Integration (Asian Development Bank)

OSCE.

Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe

PATO.

Pacific Treaty Organization

PBOC.

People’s Bank of China

PfP.

Partnership for Peace

PKO.

UN peacekeeping operations

People’s Liberation Army (China)

PLAN.

People’s Liberation Army Navy (China)

PNE.

peaceful nuclear explosion

PSI.

Proliferation Security Initiative

PTAs.

preferential trading agreements

PTBT.

Partial Test Ban Treaty

R&D.

Research and Development

RATS.

Regional Anti-Terrorism Structure

RCEP.

Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership

ROC.

Republic of China (Taiwan)

ROK.

Republic of Korea (South Korea)

SAARC.

South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation

SAARCFINANCE.

South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation Finance

SAPTA.

South Asian Preferential Trade Agreement

SAR.

Special Administrative Region

SARS.

severe acute respiratory syndrome

SCC.

Security Consultative Committee

SCO.

Shanghai Cooperation Organization

SCT.

single customs tariff

SDF.

Self Defense Force (Japan)

SEACEN.

South East Asian Central Banks

SEANWFZ.

Southeast Asian Nuclear Weapons Free Zone

SEANZA.

Southeast Asia, New Zealand, and Australia

SEOM.

Senior Economic Officials Meeting

SEZs.

Special Economic Zones

Sinopec.

China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation

SLOC.

sea lines of communication

SNEP.

Subterranean Nuclear Explosions Project

SOEs.

state-owned enterprises

SPT.

Six-Party Talks

SSG.

Special Agricultural Safeguard

SSM.

Special Safeguard Mechanism

TAC.

Treaty of Amity and Cooperation

TALCO.

Tajikistan Aluminum Corporation

TAPI.

Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India

TCOG.

US-Japan-ROK Trilateral Coordination and Oversight Group

TCS.

Trilateral Cooperation Secretariat

TOR.

Terms of Refererence

TPP.

Trans-Pacific Partnership

TPSEPA.

Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership Agreement

TSD.

Trilateral Strategic Dialogue

UDHR.

Universal Declaration of Human Rights

UNCTAD.

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

UNEP.

UN Environment Program

United Nations General Assembly

UPA.

United Progressive Alliance

UPR.

Universal Periodic Review

WIR.

World Investment Report (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development)

WMDs.

weapons of mass destruction

WTO.

World Trade Organization

ZOPFAN.

Zone of Peace, Freedom and Neutrality (p. xxiv)