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date: 03 April 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Through a realist perspective, this chapter examines how the national quests for energy security in Asia over the past quarter-century are reshaping international relations within Asia and beyond. The chapter first presents a brief survey of the world energy scene, including Asia, broken down by fuel types. Second, it explores the competition created by the rise of Asian nations, and the generally unsuccessful attempts to establish cooperative institutional arrangements on energy matters. Next, it discusses the geopolitics and militarization of energy security arising from this heightened competition, particularly in the cases of China and India, whose geostrategic ascent depends on the importation of energy. This chapter finds that self-interest drives the geopolitics of Asia’s evolving energy landscape. The energy “Great Game” now underway among Asian powers is triggered by their rival plans to access a larger share of limited energy fuels, resulting in ever more intense competition with profound geostrategic consequences for the region and the globe.

Keywords: energy great game, realist perspective, Asia’s energy scene, competition and cooperation, geopolitics and militarization, energy suppliers and consumers

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