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date: 05 April 2020

Abstract and Keywords

In adopting a synthetic framework, the chapter reviews simultaneously the actors, norms, and structures that have affected processes and policies of foreign policymaking in Central Asia. It concludes that Central Asia’s status as a peripheral or intermediate zone is unlikely to change. Central Asia is pulled culturally and ideationally in multiple and sometimes competing directions, both within and between states. The absence of strong intra–Central Asian unity further weakens these states’ ability to negotiate collectively as a defined regional space. Overall, multilateral and bilateral engagements have been acceptable to the Central Asian leaders only if they serve regime security. Regime security has been the fundamental driver behind major foreign security polices of the last two decades.

Keywords: Central Asia, periphery, landlocked, Russia, China, regime security

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