- The Oxford Handbook of the Social Science of Poverty
- List of Contributors
- Poverty Measurement
- Structural Violence, Poverty, and Social Suffering
- Capability Deprivation
- Ideologies and Beliefs about Poverty
- How Politics and Institutions Shape Poverty and Inequality
- Linking Poverty and Children’s Development: Concepts, Models, and Debates
- Poverty Knowledge and the History of Poverty Research
- The Discourse of Deservingness: Morality and the Dilemmas of Poverty Relief in Debate and Practice
- Gender and Poverty
- Life, Death, and Resurrections: The Culture of Poverty Perspective
- The Historical Origins of Poverty in Developing Countries
- The Dynamics of Poverty
- People and Places Left Behind: Rural Poverty in the New Century
- Poor Neighborhoods in the Metropolis
- Segregation and the Perpetuation of Disadvantage
- Urban Poverty, Race, and Space
- Single and Cohabiting Parents and Poverty
- Job-Finding among the Poor: Do Social Ties Matter?
- Employment and the Working Poor
- Great Escapes and Great Divergences: Growth, Poverty, and Income Inequality on a Global Scale
- Intergenerational Mobility
- Economic Performance, Poverty, and Inequality in Rich Countries
- Material Deprivation and Consumption
- Hunger and Food Insecurity
- Poverty and Crime
- Poverty and Informal Economies
- Social Class, Poverty, and the Unequal Burden of Illness and Death
- Aid and Global Poverty
- The Welfare States and Poverty
- Social Policy, Transfers, Programs, and Assistance
- Poor People’s Politics
- Why and When Do Peasants Rebel?: Origins and Consequences of Rural Collective Action
- Unions and Poverty
- Housing Programs
- Microfinance and Financial Inclusion
- Conclusion: Toward a New Paradigm for Understanding Poverty
Abstract and Keywords
This article examines ideologies and beliefs about poverty. In 1981, Kluegel and Smith provided the first comprehensive summary and critique of scholarly research on beliefs about social stratification. Focusing primarily on the United States and Great Britain, they reviewed research on public beliefs in three primary areas: opportunity, the distributive process, and social class. In so doing, they identified four key questions that continue to define research in this area: What is believed about social inequality? What principles organize thought around social inequality? What determines what is believed? What are the consequences of these beliefs? This article considers what Americans (and to a lesser extent, the British) perceive and believe about social inequality; the nature of ideologies and other social psychological processes governing the intrapersonal organization of beliefs; selected factors that shape patterns of belief; and selected consequences that stratification beliefs hold for the person and for politics.
Matthew O. Hunt, Professor and Chair of Sociology, Northeastern University.
Heather E. Bullock, Professor and Chair of Psychology, University of California-Santa Cruz.
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