- The Oxford Handbook of the Social Science of Poverty
- List of Contributors
- Poverty Measurement
- Structural Violence, Poverty, and Social Suffering
- Capability Deprivation
- Ideologies and Beliefs about Poverty
- How Politics and Institutions Shape Poverty and Inequality
- Linking Poverty and Children’s Development: Concepts, Models, and Debates
- Poverty Knowledge and the History of Poverty Research
- The Discourse of Deservingness: Morality and the Dilemmas of Poverty Relief in Debate and Practice
- Gender and Poverty
- Life, Death, and Resurrections: The Culture of Poverty Perspective
- The Historical Origins of Poverty in Developing Countries
- The Dynamics of Poverty
- People and Places Left Behind: Rural Poverty in the New Century
- Poor Neighborhoods in the Metropolis
- Segregation and the Perpetuation of Disadvantage
- Urban Poverty, Race, and Space
- Single and Cohabiting Parents and Poverty
- Job-Finding among the Poor: Do Social Ties Matter?
- Employment and the Working Poor
- Great Escapes and Great Divergences: Growth, Poverty, and Income Inequality on a Global Scale
- Intergenerational Mobility
- Economic Performance, Poverty, and Inequality in Rich Countries
- Material Deprivation and Consumption
- Hunger and Food Insecurity
- Poverty and Crime
- Poverty and Informal Economies
- Social Class, Poverty, and the Unequal Burden of Illness and Death
- Aid and Global Poverty
- The Welfare States and Poverty
- Social Policy, Transfers, Programs, and Assistance
- Poor People’s Politics
- Why and When Do Peasants Rebel?: Origins and Consequences of Rural Collective Action
- Unions and Poverty
- Housing Programs
- Microfinance and Financial Inclusion
- Conclusion: Toward a New Paradigm for Understanding Poverty
Abstract and Keywords
This article reviews current research on intergenerational mobility, which indicates opportunity for children to move beyond their social origins and obtain a status not dictated by that of their parents. Mobility tends to be measured by the extent of association between parents’ and adult children’s socioeconomic status (measured by social class, occupation, earnings, or family income). Stronger associations mean more intergenerational transmission of advantage (often referred to as persistence) and less mobility, whereas weaker associations indicate less persistence and more mobility. The article begins with a discussion of theoretical and methodological approaches to measuring intergenerational mobility. Drawing on research in economics and sociology, it then examines the evidence on the degree of mobility and persistence as well as possible underlying mechanisms. Finally, it compares mobility in wealthy and developing countries and suggests directions for future research.
Liana Fox, Postdoctoral Fellow, Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI), University of Stockholm.
Florencia Torche, Associate Professor of Sociology, New York University.
Jane Waldfogel, Compton Foundation Centennial Professor of Social Work for the Prevention of Children’s and Youth Problems; and Professor of Public Affairs, Columbia University.
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